Walmer-Station-Upper Walmer: Kent: Best 50" Detail Planners Map Of 1950'S 60'S

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Seller: chapelstile (4,235) 100%, Location: Redhill, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 163718060196 VINTAGE MAP- SOLD FOR £15 ONLY- NO AUCTION- NO POSTAGE FEE FOR 2ND CLASS UK. “PERSPECTIVES ON BRITAIN:TRAVELLING WITH A VINTAGE OR ANTIQUE MAP” Seller's code: 030620191 A VINTAGE ORDNANCE SURVEY PLANNERS SHEET THE VERY BEST DETAIL OF 50.688 INCHES : 1 MILE DETAIL EXPRESSED AS 1:12500 PLAN TR 3650 SW OF WALMER THE STATION (Court Road, Sydney Road) 1952-57-68-69 IN KENT A Planner's 50 inch to the mile map formerly used by the Land Tax Register This map was surveyed before 1950’s Re-levelled in part in 1952 Surveyed 1957 Revised in 1968 Republished and printed to 1969 ………….. It is the very large scale of seldom seen in the public domain- it is a sheet map on thick paper with a plain verso. The map is printed in black now denoting Newlyn Datum measurements and the km National Grid spaced at 100 metre lines. The very best detail for an historian of this place. The KCC Land Tax Register used this plan and laid it next to a contiguous sheet to the east: they cut a neat line partly along the eastern margin to lay this plan next to the other as they worked on Walmer properties in the 1960’s; they then re-attached the margin with paper tape on the verso. WALMER IN KENT- THE STATION- AN OVERVIEW Walmer is the sea side, fishing and garrison town that sits on the Strait of Dover, just to the south of Deal with which it is contiguous. It is that well known, small coastal town with its broad green tye between the coast road and the shingle beach which falls away sharply into the sea- which at this point is called Downs Roads, and is a famous anchorage in the lea of the Goodwin Sands. Walmer was associated for many years with the Royal Marines and their school of music in the town. Their barracks (the Royal Marine Depot ) was attacked in 1989 by Irish Republicans at killing 11 and wounding 21 bandsmen. Up on the green is a lifeboat station with a slipway into the sea. The Charles Dibden was the RNLI boat stationed here for many years. Inland are the narrow streets of former fishermen’s houses in a town which has flooded over the shingle banks on high spring tides. The Castle is the official residence of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports and at the time of this map Sir Winston Churchill held that honorific. The town name means “The Marsh of the Welsh” which shows that the landscape is very changed here over 1000 years and much eroded. The coast is dynamic with long shore drift running south north and gradually filling up Sandwich bay to the north, forcing the mouth of the Stour north and east. Here behind the town is the station and the surrounding streets in the best possible 50” detail from the 1950’s-60’s. The station was built by the South Eastern Railway and is a low polychromatic brick building under a hipped slate roof. It has round arched windows and the SE&CR built in a miniature manner and aesthetic similar to that seen at Kings Cross: Roman revival rather the Gothic of the Midland or the Doric of Old Euston. Walmer Station opened on the 17th of June 1881. Down the line is Deal then Sandwich and then Ramsgate. Up line is Martin Mill, maybe St Margaret’s at Cliffe, Dover, Folkestone and then a haul inland through Ashford into London: probably terminating Charing Cross. Traffic declined at this station from the time of this map until 2014 and then picked up again, about 6,000 journeys pass through it every day: so largely 3,000 people coming and going. On this map the doubled track is aligned north east south west and the station is just north east of Station Road which runs south eat into the town and north west out to Ellen Road. Except for Sydney Road, there are very few buildings north and west of the railway: it defines the limit of the town. Station road passes under the line – under bridge. On the map there seem to be two glass atria on either side of the station which appear not to be there on modern photos. A subway takes pedestrians from the east to the west line. Sidings stand north and east of the main line, one leaving the north edge of the map and the other running to a short loading bay at the north end of the east station. Earthworks suggest that there may have been other sidings or marshalling yards which had been lifted by the time of this map. The LG marked north of the station is a loading gauge. The railway is also a ward boundary: west ward on one side of the map: South Ward in Upper Walmer on the other. Allotment gardens stand both east and west of the railway. The Sydney Road district is also marked “Mill Hill”. The lanes out in the countryside of the west of the map are called Coldblow and Cross Road Land rises to 81 ft in the north west of the map Details in Upper Walmer. A short row of thin Victorian Cottages stand by the railway on the south side of Station Road: Nos 101-107 on this map and then 87-99 are bayed houses which may have been shops because there is a “slaughter house” marked behind number 99 which is presumably a butchers. No 85 is a large pub unnamed on the map and on a satellite image, the site is completely empty – the pub having been demolished- maybe it was the Station Hotel or Inn. The satellite also shows that new houses stand on the east side of Sydney Road which are not on this map and the old shop at No 99 still retails is old frontage and angled corner door but it and its abattoir are long gone. Sydney Road is quite steep- rising to the north. I suspect that nearly all the buildings marked on this map east and south of the Mayer’s Road junction have been replaced since the map: Mayers Road itself is a narrow street, now choked with cars but attractive brick cottages- yellow sulphur brick with red coursing, hipped ends to the low slate roofs and a raised path on the east side behind utilitarian scaffolding like railings which look like there were put up in the 1940s. The cottages have pleasant small front gardens, mercifully too small to be ruined for hard standing for cars. There is an odd large institution here- divided into 8 homes even at the time of the map, but probably more apartments now: nos 15-29 Mayers Road. It is U shaped in plan under a mansard slate roof with Dutch gables and all pebble dashed and painted in an off white. Upstairs the dormers in the mansard look out of place and are probably knew, perhaps to make more flats in the grenier. I wonder what this was- an hospital? alms houses? Certainly very different in character to the rest of the street or district. Court Road is bungaloid on the east side, and these look newer than the map and semi detached late Victorian villas on the west side up to number 38 then after that all the old houses of this map have gone and been replaced with modern homes- and in that manner- modern detached and bungalows, Court Road struggles up the hill and off the map with a cricket ground now seen on the east side. Interestingly modern development has not stretched onto the fields seen in the west and south west of this map and the railway still defines the land: up there, off to the west – off the map- across the depressing wheat fields scratched into the thin chalk soil and past many shadows for former barrows and tumuli is the village of Ripple. SUMMARY. West Ward , nd Station Road Walmer were built about the railway: the small streets have houses of the 1880’s and 1890’s with sulphur brick and red brick courses under low slate roofs. The large houses tend to be rendered with bay windows. The local shops and pubs of this map are all gone now and the area has a vague run down air although the small streets of cottages are attractive. Here and there the large houses have been demolished for modern homes in a standard red-pink brick. Walmer Station had some goods function at this age- perhaps for post, or the barracks and it seems to have had atria which are now demolished. All the sidings seen here are now gone. It is interesting how it is the large Victorian villas which succumb to redevelopment, not the modest terraced cottages. The u-shaped mansard roofs and Dutch gabled edifice on Mayer’s Road is a mystery. Station Drive is housing now, but is empty of homes on this map. Mayer’s Road today still fades out into a country path which winds across fields an past a wooded lynchet to eventually meet the Ripple Road south of this map. CARTOGRAPHY The grid on this map is 100 metres and so the map is 500 metres west to east and 500 metres north to south : which shows the great focus here: the entire map surface show one quarter of a square kilometre. On this scale a 100 metres is 3 and 1/8 inches. Here is a National grid based on the false datum off the Scilly Isles. Which this map tells one is 636 km to the west. The datum for the National Grid is 49 degrees north and 8 degrees west. The False Datum establishes a grid in which all Great Britain is east or north of the point. There is one interesting exception: Rockall. Ireland is on a different Grid. This metric grid is really an army thing and evolved from the Cassini Grid on GSGS War office maps. Prior to that the False Datum was still used but yards were expressed. The projection is a Transverse Mercator for a standard Mercator distorts too much at this latitude and so a Transverse datum is established at a convenient point. The latitudinal datum for a standard Mercator is of course the Equator. The Transverse Mercator datum is not quite the same as the National Grid False Datum. I have found the Transverse Mercator datum cited only on one map and it was given as 49 degrees north and 2 degrees west: That is a latitude south of all land on the country and 2 degrees west is roughly the centre of the island of Great Britain. Mercator Projects are clever because although latitude distorts north and south of the datum, you can still draw and accurate compass bearing on them. The projection seeks to solve the essential problem of cartography: representing a globe or a part of a globe on a flat piece of paper. The Datum for sea level and altitude is established at Newlyn in Cornwall but prior to 1915-20 used to be at Liverpool. That is why relevelling dates are cited on this and all such maps. The new Newlyn Datum was established in 1915 but they measured the tide ever 15 minutes for 5 years before they established the Mean Sea Level Datum, and began using it in 1920. Triangulation of Maidstone here and all Britain spread out from the first base line established on Hounslow Heath by Capt. Roy in the 18th century. Walmer was very early in the Ordnance mapping of England which rolled out from the south east to the north west. OLDMAPSHOP: IS MY SOURCE ON-LINE FOR MAP & CARTOGRAPHIC HISTORY TITLE: KENT sheet TR 3650 sw DATES: 1950's from earlier surveys, levelled 1952- surveyed 1957 Revised 1968- printed 1969 PUBLISHER: Ordnance Survey of England and Wales EDITION: 50 Inches to the Mile planner map PRINTER: Ordnance Survey Office- southampton PRINTING CODE:B PRINTING PROCESS: Lithography SCALE: 50 inch to the mile or 1:1250 GRID: 100 metre and 1 km grid and National Grid from the 00 datum of South East Cornwall . 3 1/8 inches equates to about 100 metres OVERALL DIMENSIONS: Roughly 23 inches by 19 inches. COVER DIMENSIONS: N/A Sheet COVER DETAIL:N/A Sheet COVER CONDITION: N/A Sheet MAP PAPER OR LINEN BACKED: Paper FOLD WEAR: minimal. EDGE NICKS: no PIN HOLES AT FOLD JUNCTIONS: no VERSO: Plain Paper FOXING:minor REINFORCING: no SURFACE MARKING: little FOLDED INTO: 8 ANNOTATION: not seen INTEREST: Considerable: Walmer-Upper Walmer and West Ward: a Victorian community about the railway decays and is rebuilt over the decades: mainly post this map. Lost pubs, shops, local businesses, marshalling yards or sidings, Victorian villas: The station is altered too but the old town limits are respected- as walmer and its railway meet the chalk field of the low East Kent Downs GENERAL CONDITION: good, THE NORTH WEST CORNER OF THIS MAP IS AT: Open fields near Ellens Road THE NORTH EAST CORNER OF THIS MAP IS AT: Railway land north east of the station THE SOUTH EAST CORNER OF THIS MAP IS AT: Open fields south eats of Mayers Road- a footpath THE SOUTH WEST OF THIS MAP IS AT: Track crosses farm land in the direction of Ripple THE CENTRE OF THIS MAP IS AT: Open field near railway allotments- west side, south of station THE SOUTH WEST CORNER OF THIS MAP IS: 150 km NORTH OF NG 00 DATUM AND: 636 km EAST OF NG 00 DATUM (which is off South West Cornwall). xxxxxxxxxxxxx BUY HISTORIC MAPS, BUY MAPS AS PRESENTS, STUDY MAPS; SEARCH OLD MAPS; BUY LOCAL HISTORY MAPS; BUY MAPS OF YOUR REGION; YOUR PAST LANDSCAPE, THE HISTORICAL LANDSCAPE; MAPS OF YOUR REGION IN THE PAST; OLD MAPS; COLLECTABLE MAPS, RARE MAPS; UNIQUE MAP; VICTORIAN MAPS, GEORGIAN MAPS, COUNTY MAPS, RAILWAY MAPS, IMPORTANT MAPS; EDWARDIAN MAPS, 1920'S MAPS, 1930'S MAPS, 1940'S MAPS, 1950'S, MAPS, 1960'S MAPS, ORDNANCE SURVEY MAPS, BARTHOLOMEW'S MAPS, CRUCHLEY MAPS, GEORGE BACON MAPS, STANFORD MAPS, GALL AND INGLIS MAPS; MILITARY MAPS, WAR TIME MAPS, GSGS WAR OFFICE MAPS, ENGLISH MAPS, IRISH MAPS , SCOTTISH MAPS, WELSH MAPS, ANNOTATED MAPS, FOOTPATH MAPS, CYCLING MAPS, GEOLOGICAL MAPS, HYDROGRAPHIC MAPS, TRAVELLERS' MAPS. ANCIENT MAPS, EUROPEAN MAPS, MAPS AS GIFTS. Condition: The Land Tax Register cut a line along the eastern margin to lay this plan next to another as they worked on Walmer properties. they then re-attached the margin with paper tape on the verso. GOOD, FOLDED TO 8, FORMERLY USED BY THE LAND TAX REGISTER 1952 EARLIEST DATE AND REVISION SURVEY OF 1957 FROM OLDER INITIAL SURVEY: MONOCHROME, PLAIN VERSO AND BEST 50 INCH TO THE MILE DETAIL, GOOD CONDITION AND NO RIPS . SLIGHT CORNER CREASING- OLD BUILDINGS SHOPS, YARDS AND SIDINGS IN UPPER WALMER- KENT- NOW LOST, County: Kent, Cartographer/Publisher: Ordnance Survey of England and Wales, Printing Technique: Lithography, Original/Reproduction: Vintage Original, Format: sheet, folded, plain verso , monochrome 50" scale, Type: 50 inch scale monochrome planner's map os, Year: 1952-1969 with revisions in between, Date Range: 1952-1957-1968-1969, City: Walmer, Country/Region: England, State: Channel coast: south eastern home counties England, Era: Post 2nd World war, UPPER WALMER IN KENT LAND TAX PLAN: THE STATION AND ITS COMMUNITY WALMER KENT 1950'S, OLD BUILDINGS WALMER KENT- NOW LOST: WALMER STATION LOST SIDINGS AND STRUCTURE-LAND TAX

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