Vintage America Ephemera Arizona Highways November 1955 History

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Seller: fiveyears (2,581) 99.5%, Location: Dorset, Vermont, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 282630226052 This auction features a piece of vintage American travel and tourism ephemera (booklets/guides/maps). A great piece of American history. Arizona, Land of Color, 1947 Arizona Highways Publication Please ask questions Arizona Highways is a magazine that contains travelogues and artistic photographs related to the state of Arizona. It is published monthly in Phoenix by a unit of the Arizona Department of Transportation. The magazine began in July 1921 by the Arizona Highway Department (now the Arizona Department of Transportation) as a 10-page pamphlet designed to promote "the development of good roads throughout the state."[1] Publication of the pamphlet ended on December 30, 1922, after nine issues. The publication was relaunched on April 15, 1925 as a regular magazine.[1] In addition to the engineering articles, cartoons and travelogues were also included in the early issues. Over the next two decades the magazine reduced, and then stopped, inclusion of the road engineering articles and dedicated itself to the present format of travel tales, historical stories, and humor about the state of Arizona, always enhanced by the now-legendary photography. In 1946, photographer Ansel Adams started to contribute prints for the magazine. Photographs include Arches, North Court, Mission San Xavier del Bac, Tucson, Arizona, 1968 and Saguaro Cactus, Sunrise, Arizona, 1942. Since this time, the magazine has become known for its photography. Today, Arizona Highways' monthly circulation surpasses 200,000 copies, with readers in 50 US states and in two-thirds of the world's countries. Although known primarily for its magazine, Arizona Highways also publishes books, calendars, and other Arizona-related products.[2] Arizona Highways TV began production in 2004.[3] VOL. XXXI NO. rr NOVEMBER 1955RAYMOND CARLSON, EditorGEORGE M. A VEY, Art EditorLEGENDJ\fr. LEMMONT ucSON JS LUCKY TO HAVE A 1\10UNTAINPLAYGROUND PRACTICALLY NEXT DOOR.THE SuN's BiG MuscLESWORLD'S SOLAR ENERGY SYMPOSIUM INPHOENIX TO EMPHASIZE POWER OF SUN.26PUTTING THE SuN TO woRK 14AN ARIZONA FIRM TESTS MANY KINDSOF M.ATERI ALS FOR SUN RAlJ!ATI0N.SAGUARO NATIONAL MoNUl\lF.NT . 18A VISIT TO ONE OF THE WEST'S FIN-ESTAND LARGEST DESEL\T GARDENS. A TucsoN ARTIST BUILDS RELIGIOUSRETREAT IN ISOLATED DESERT AREA.ERNEST W. McFARLANDGovernor of ArizonaARIZONA HIGHWAY COMJ\llISSIONFred D. Schemmer, Chairman .Frank E. Moore, Vice ChairmanGrover J. Duff, J\llember . • •Wm. P.· Copple, MemberJames R. Heron, J\llember . • •Wm. E. Willey, State Hwy. Eng.James Herron, Jr., SecretaryPrescottDouglas• Tucson• Yuma• GlobePhoenixPhoenixARIZONA H1G1-IWAYS is published monthly by theArizona Highway Department a few miles northof the confluence of the Gila and Salt in Ari zona.Address: ARLZONA HIGHWAYS, Phoenix,Arizona. $3.50 per year m U.S. and possessions;$4.50 elsewhere; 35 cents each. Entered as sec ond-class matter Nov. 5, 1941 at Post Office inPhoenix, under Act of March 3, 1879. Copy-1·ighted, 1955, by Arizona Highway Department.Allow five weeks for change of addresses. Besure to send in the old as well as new address.FRONT COV E R"SWAN LAKE" BY ESTHER HENDER SON.Photograph was taken at Filiatraut ranch,about 15 miles east of Tucson. Here naturalwarm springs form a series of quiet ponds over hungwith mesquites and cottonwoods. Photo graphedabout 9 a.m. in early May, 5x7 Dear dorffview camera, Ektachrome, Goerz Dagorlens, f.u at 1/z5th second.OPPOSITE PAGE"TSELANI ROCKS" BY J. ROBERT LIND SAY.This spectacular rock garden is nearSalina Springs, Arizona, north of Ganado in theNavajo reservation. 4x5 Busch Pressman camera,vVollensak f4.7 Raptar lens, Ektachrome, f.32 at1 / 3Id second.CALENDAR IN THE SUN: Nov. I- be ginningof the Winter Guest Ranch and Re sortSeason in Arizona. Nov. 4-I5-ArizonaState fair in Phoenix, when the state displaysits finest in everything from jams to Jerseys.Nov. 26-27-the 23rd annual Florence JuniorParada, an exciting cow show featuring teen ageriders and performers. Dec. 2 5th-Aj o'sannual Christmas party in which the enti recommunity participates. During the Yuletideseason, Las Posadas takes place in Tucson, atypical Mexican festival in a modern setting.Dec. 31st-The annual Salad Bowl footballgame, Phoenix, featuring college all-starsfrom the Border and Skyl ine conferences.Jan. 2-7, 1956- the 8th annual Arizona Na tionalLivestock Show at the Fair Grounds inPhoenix, when the aristocrats of the cattleworld vie for prizes. Jan. 14-15- the ArizonaHorse Lovers Club's Junior H orse Show,showing that Arizona youngsters do otherthings besides reading comic books andwatching TV. Jan. 27-28-29-Gold RushDays in Wickenburg, where you have achance to pan your own gold. Jan. 2 7-28-29-20-30 Club's Annual Junior Rodeo at Mesa.f/,1 Juh iJ Alwap Will, 1kThe sun is a busybody whose omnipotent presence we take for granted.Out here in Arizona, the sunniest part of the United States, Old Sol is notonly our trademark but business. This very minute, hundreds of Arizonaranch owners, hotel and motel operators and resort keepers are polishing upthe silverware and airing out the bed clothes in readiness for the thousandsand thousands of winter visitors who will come from all over the world toavoid the frigidity of less favored climes and to enjoy a warm, friendly, sun blessedclimate in a sun-kissed land. We are much concerned with the sunthis issue, because in early November the first World's Solar Energy Sym posiumwill be held in Phoenix. Sun scientists from all over the world willgather to exchange knowledge of sun power and discuss ways and means ofputting the sun to work. It is fitting, indeed, that this Symposium should firstbe held in Phoenix, in the heart of the s11n country. Someday, when oil andother fuels grow scarce, Arizona might be the power house of the nation.One cannot deny the fact that we have a lot of sunshine and a surplus ofclear days when the sun can perform at its best.And being quite stm-minded this issue, we take you on another v1s1t toSaguaro National Monument near Tucson, a truly spectacular desert gardenwhose boundaries encompass not only the finest stand of saguaros in exist encebut also a wonderland of plant and animal life of desert, foothill andmountain. Seventy-seven thousand people visited the area last year. 1Vlonu mentrangers are doing a splendid job to make the desert understandable andenjoyable. This Monument is one place all visitors to Arizona should see . ..C O L O R C L A S S I C S F R O M A R I Z O N A H I G H W A Y SThis Issue3S mm. slides in 211 mounts, z to I s slides, 40¢ each; 16 to 49 slides, 35¢ eacb;so or more, 3 for $1 .ooL-14 Swan Lake, Cover 1; V-11 Tselani Rocks and View of Salina Springs, Cover 2;WL-8 Desert Canaries, Cover 3; L-15 Encanto Lagoon, Cover 4; V-12 View fromMingus Mountain, p. 9; DS-22 Joshua Tree in Spring Dress, p. w; NM-4 ln theSaguaro Forest-Saguaro N ational J\llonument, p. 19; NM-5 Panorama-SaguaroNanonal Monument, Center Spread; NM-6 A Saguaro Sunset- Saguaro NationalMonument, p. 22; DG-1 Altar and Cross-Mission in the Sun, p. 31; DG-2 ExteriorV1ew-1\1ission in the Sun, p. 32; DG-3 Interior View-Mission in the Sun, p. p .A catalogue of 35 mm. slides, in 2x2 mounts, made from transparencies previouslypublished in this magazine is available on request. Please order by number. Address:ARIZONA I-I1GHWAYS, Phoenix, Arizona.TUCSON'S YEAR AROUNDBY JACK CARYPHOTOG!(i\P I IS 13Y \ VESTERN \VA YSvVhen temperatures soar in midsummer, living on thedesert becomes slig htly monotonous. You're comfortableonly ins ide air-conditioned homes and offices. And inmidwinter sometimes even t he sunshine isn't enough. Youflnd yourse lf lon ging for snow.Well, Tucsoni::ms are lucky . They're desert dwellers,all right. But less than fifty miles away they have Mt.Lemmon-a year-round resort that brings them a sort ofc limate in reverse E ngli sh.In summer, they can find a pine-clad mountain peakw it h refres hing breezes. Tn winter, they can leave theirhea ted swimming pools, climb a winding road and enjoywin te r sports not much more than an hour later.Mt. Lemmon, the highest peak in the Santa CatalinaMountai ns that form Tucson's northern boundary, tmversto a height of 9,, 50 fe et. There are no facilities at thetop of the mountain, but at a comfortable 8,000 or sofeet li es Summerhaven and Loma Linda. Here cabinsThe road penetrates a rcvilderness of rocks.1' 1\GE T"WO • A RIZ ON A HIGffW A YS •PLAYGROUNDN OVEMBER I 9 5 5The high Catali77as are beautiful i'll their '"winter dress.cluster around a store, post office, guest accommodationsand a lumber yard. Summerhaven is made up of 287 acresof privately owned land in the Coronado National Forest.The village is generally called Mt. Lemmon.For years residents of Tucson dreamed of being ableto reach this mountain peak without having to drive allthe ,vay to Oracle, and then climb a perilous, one-waycontrolled road. But the engineering feat, plus the cost,of a highway through the rugged Catalinas to Mt. Lem mon,from the south, made the project remain only adream.Today a paved road directly from Tucson makes thetrip to Mt. Lemmon simply a matter of keeping youreyes on the highway. The road curves through weirdrock formations, leads you to view points with vistas thatprovide views of more miles than you've ever dreamedof seeing across. When you reach the top, you can "takethe long way home" if you want, by taking the old roadnorth into Oracle as indicated on the sign. Or you canturn around and retrace your steps to Tucson over thepaved high way, getting your vistas ,, ith an entirelydifferent perspective.Today it takes about an hour to drive from Tucson toiVlt. Lem1i10n.But it took fifteen years of backbreaking work and alot of federal aid to build the road that takes you there.Started in 1934, the blacktop highway was completedin 1949. And it probably could never have been finished,except that part way up the mountain a federal prisoncamp is located, and much of the roadwork was done byfed era I prisoners.Prisoners today help forest service officers in improv ingtrails, building recreational facilities, insta I ling ,\ aterlines (which must be placed eighteen to twenty-fourinches underground to prevent winter freezing) and flgh t ingforest fires. Pima County maintains the higlrnay-andit's usually cleared within several hours after a heavysnowfall. After all, on the desert there's not much use fo'rsnow plows, so they can be on duty immediately for han dlingthe only snow within many miles.In just a fe·w hours from sunny Tucson, one finds a rwinter play ground.The open fire is welcome in winter, and trails beckon in summer.In summer, too, there are fish to catch and tricky cliffs to climb.One of the comfortable cabim in the pines at M.t. LemmonDevelopment of additional recreational facilities andhome sites, to keep pace with the rapidly increasing pop ulationof Tucson, is the major problem of the forestservice. There are now about 2 52 cabin sites in the Coro nadoNational Forest, on occupancy permits. These areleased to individuals for from $20 to $40 a year, and whennew ones are made available they're gobbled up in ahurry. There's a long waiting list.Developing cabin sites, of course, means building roadsand providing water. There would be plenty of water,if there ,vere enough money for building expensive stor agereservoirs, and installing distribution lines. Limitedfunds for recreational purposes delays increasing the for estlands available for cabin sites.However, the forest service is improving campgrounds for public use, and p1cn1c areas, as fast as fundspermit.And, for the enjoyment of as many people as possible,the forest service has concentrated on developing wintersports areas. The original ski run at Bear Wallow is nowa general winter sports area, and a new ski run has beenbuilt about two miles above Summerhaven. Called theMt. Lemmon Snow Bowl, this section is reserved forskiing. There is a temporary warming shelter, and a good sizedrock and log ski lodge is under construction. Thiswill eventually include a caf e, as well as a place to loungein and get warm before a huge fireplace. Skiing equip mentcan be rented.The ski area includes a short tow on easy slopes for(Please turn to page tbirty-eigbt)PAGE FIVE • ARIZONA HIGI-IvVAYS • NOVEMBER 1955Portrait of the sun: solar corona at total eclipse, G reen R iver, W yoming, June 8, 1918TUE ~UN'~ BIG MU~en~SCIENTISTS TOFIRST WORLDM EE TSOL ARI N PHOENIX FORENERGY SYMPOS IUMBY GASTON BURRIDGEOn Nov e mber 211d , through the 5th, the Southwestin general, Arizona in particular, and the city of Phoenixespecia ll y, w ill play host to the first "World Sy mposiumon Applied So lar Energy." Why is this so important? Be cause,if world population and consumption of electricpower per capita continue to increase at present rates,hy 197 5 our own country's reserves of fossil fuels- oiland coal- ma y ha ve become so scant and so hi gh pricedthat it will b e advantageous to look to the sun for addi tional e nergy. This is the view of so me w ho h av e studiedt he problem, even considering t h e poss ibility of vast addi tionalamo unts of energy it is hoped will h e d e ri ve d fromatomic sources !T-1 eadquarters for the Sy mposium wi ll he at the \Vest-wardHo Hotel in Phoenix . The program wi ll includecontributions from all the m ajor centers of solar po,verresearch in the U .S. In ad dition, noted solar en ergy scien tistsof England, France, Germar:iy , Italy , India, Israel,J apan, The N etherlands, Union of Sout h Africa, W es tFrench Africa, Algeria, Argentina, Australi a, Austria,Brazil, Canada, Cuba, Egypt, Kenya Co lony, Mexico,Morocco, and Sw itzerland w ill attend.T he Symposium w ill b e under t h e c hairman ship qfLewis W. Doug las, prominent Southwest industrialista nd fi n ancier and former U.S. Ambassador to GreatBritain. M errit L. Kastens, Assistant Director of StanfordR esea rch Institu te, will b e V ice-chairman .A ll the Southwest enjoys generous amounts of sun-P AGE S I X • AR I Z ONA H I GHWAYS • NOVEMBER 19 55Promi11en ces of an arc of the sun showing curre'l/t s in opposite diTec tiomshine . Partic ula r ly is this t rue during t he winter mont hs.A lso, the Southwest c ontains vast areas which are noteconomically appli cable t o other forms of commercial e n deavor.T h us, with hi g h availability of this n atural r e source,the sun lit h o urs, and inexpensive land on w hi cht o place collecting ap p aratus, muc h of the region wo ulda ppeal to commercial ve ntures built t o collect and c onvertt hi s presently unusual kind of energy. Because of t heset hings, it is entire ly possi bl e the Sout hwest m ay hold o neof the key positions in the world toward an accelerateddeve lopment o f so lar en e r gy.How might th is be accom p lishe d? O ne o f t h e novelproposals is m ade by D r. J. A. H ynek, a sci entist of O hi oState Unive rsity. A hollo w, black - coated hemisphere issupported at c o n si derable height above the ground. T hi st ank is half-fill ed with water and provided with mea nsfor maintaining i t s water level. O n the ground, c omplete lyci rcling this tank , are a series of mirrors mounted to movew it h t h e sun, and of su ch c oncavity and focal l ength as toproperl y strike t he bottom and sides of the central t a nkholding the water. In other words, the tank is to b e aboiler. The su n strikes the mirrors. They, in turn, con centrate it and refl ect it to the t ank's sides and bottom .The heat thus transmitted boils the water and makessteam. T his steam is led to an engine which turns ane lectric generator. T his is but o ne of the m any types ofd evices possible.Such a u nit would c over many a cres of grou n d.While its mirrors wou ld have to be cleaned at least o ncea d ay, and turn w ith the sun, t his arrangement mig htr each an efficiency of JO o/o .T h e mountain ous sections and hig h plateau areas ofAriz ona would n ot b e excluded fro m this n ew powerpossibility. W hi le t hey m ay not enjoy quite so manyhours of uncloude d sunshin e a year as the l ower, dese rtregions, they do have a more rarifi ed at m osphere. T h eatmosphere, w ith its moisture and dust, "sca tters" theradiant energy of the sun. Nor d o colder winter monthsof t h ese hi g her regions cut them off from this source of-ener gy. Emphasiz i ng t his, w e all can r ecall seeing t hesnow melt in the sun when the thermometer said the airtemperature was considerably below freezing . It is q u i t es ur pn smg ho w muc h energy c ertain types o f solar powerc ollector s g ather in, even o n over c ast d ays !Grant ing there will be a need for some sort of addi tional energy, where d oes t he sun stand as a p o tentialsource?First of a ll, our sun is a star. S t ella r-w ise , it is only an"orange d warf." T his w ould indic ate , as far as astrono mersare concerned, our sun is not of great si ze nor itsbrightness of h igh key. White- hot stars are hottest - red hotstars ar e coo lest. But, as small as our sun m ay be, c om pared to m any other stars, it sti ll i s about 866,ooo mi lesin diameter, o r about rn8 times greater in diameter t hanou r own p lanet. T he s un's mass i s some 3 3 2 ,ooo t imesgreat er t han t h e earth's.The sun is n early 9 3 mill ion mi les from t he earth.T he next nearest star is c alcul ated to he 300,000 timesfar ther a w ay , or about 27 trill ion, 870 billio n mi les.T he m ean e ffe c tive temperature of t h e sun's surfaceis about 10, 000 degrees Fa h renheit. This is n ot one of t hehig h est t emperatures r ecorded t here. T hose temperat uresare many t housand times hi gher. A nd if one w ishes to geti nto so me real hea t, h e will find it in the center of the sun.T here, sci entists c alculate t emperatures may run as h igh as30 m illion degrees!T h e t otal continuous fl ow o f all know n ener gies ourplane t receives from the sun amounts to abo ut 1 rn ,ooohorsepower per human inha bitant. Expr ess ed in anotherway, this is nearly 5000 horsepower per acre per minuteat noon, in summer, on a clear day, or, ab out 1 70 tri ll ionkilowatts. Above t he earth's atmosp h ere the e nergyamounts to som ew hat le ss that twi ce as m uch !But ju st so we can be further su bmerge d i n figures,and, at the same time realiz e our earth on ly gets a pi t tanceof t he su n's radi ation, let u s consider the fac t that all thesun's nine m ajor satellites onl y receive about o n e p art in120,000 ,000 of t he tota l energy it radiates.T hus, considering our rel ative distance fro m t h e s un ,we se e it is ad equate as a so ur ce of power as fa r as ·w e arcconcerned. I t might be in t eresting to specu late on howlong it w ill remai n so. I n o ther words, is our sun dying?If so, does t his portend an ever decrea si ng energy avail ability?L et us se e where w e stand at t his particular time.•~••~•, •,1PROF. MONCIIOT'S SOLAR BOILERParts of th e sun's surface seem to be covered with ap henomenon appearing to be much like that which wewould c1ll "flames" here on earth. These flames averageabout 500 miles in height. They are frequently recordedextending to 8,000 and 9,000 miles above the sun's "sur face."There are photographs on record in the files ofsevera l observatories which show these flames or "prom inences," as they are called, have reached the astound ingheight of more than 500,000 miles' Of brilliant redcolor, these fanta stic bursts of energy have been clockedat rising speeds of much more than z 50,000 miles an hour!Docs this mean our sun is "burning up";i Astrop hysi cistsfe el certain w hat is going on in the sun is not com bustio77-a t least not combustion as we understand it-thatis, not chemical reaction between atoms. Agreement isquite general among those in this branch of science thatthe heat radiated by the sun is the result of fusion ofhydrogen atoms to helium atoms.T here is, however, every evidence allowing us toconclude the sun has been radiating energy for millions ofy ears-per haps bi llions! Barring some entire ly unforeseenaccident or condition, the sun is believed capable of con tinuingradiati on, at close to present rates, for billions ofy ears more. So, the foreseeable future of this source ofenergy appears sa fe'Solar energy evaporates every drop of water whichmakes the cl ouds. T hese clouds give us our rain and snow.T his sun-powered moisture gradually finds its way intoour ri vers, and th ere, with the help of gravity, as in theBell engineer wing solar porcvered telep/Jo77egreat power house at Hoover Dam, generates electricity.Sun energy, through countless years, made our beds ofcoal. Even the crude oil is trapped sunlight. Every greenfield is green because the sun helped make it so. Everytree and every bush-in fact, every living thing-owes itsvery existence to the powers of the sun. We would not behere without the sun-nor if we were too much closer toit! Ts it little wonder then, many early peoples wors hipedthis shimmering, golden orb?Man has been thinking about the sun as a power well springfor centuries. Archimedes is supposed to be one ofthe first who made some practical use of the sun's rays. Helived from z 78 to z I z B.C. Legend records enemy sl1.ipswere besieging Syracuse Harbor, Archimedes' home port,and that he turned a concentration of sun rays from largeconcave mirrors upon them, and set some of them afire.The others fled after a good "scorching."August Mouchot began his experiments of convert ingthe sun's heat into power in 1 860. He took out his firstFrench patent March 4, 1861. Its number was 43,622By 1872, another Frenchman, Abel Pifer, had constr?ctedOPPOSITE PAGE"VIC,N FROM MINGUS iVIOUNTAIN" BY JOAN ROBERT SON. This picture was taken in early June, 1954, at 11 a.m. Theview of the Verde Valley and the distant cliffs of Sedona wereparticularly beautiful that day, due to cloud formations. Despitethe clouds, the sun was strong and bright. 4x5 Burke & Jamescamera, Ektachrome film, 1 /10th second at f.22.P AGE EIGHT • ARIZO N A I-IIGI-1'VAY S • N OV E MBER I 9 5 5be B.E LL ,SO LABELECTAIC FIHPHoleElectroncrystal by Hbercting tree .. to move11e9ative ehorges, called+lectron.s - and free-fo .. movep-os.itive- charges, ecill•d holes.An eledric field exerts a force encharge-d por+id es cc~sing them tomove rf they ar-e free. The forcemoves hQ!es in one -direction on.defecfrons in the opposite dlre-c. ...tion.When light is abs.or-bed Hberoting eJeetrons andltole-s ht +h~ borrier rag,on ,x+ Q p-wn ;,ntdion. tflebuHt•ln electric ·field foreu the h·ohu info th-eP·•ld•, making !I p,,.ltln, nd the ••••fr••iato th-• rt,.sfde, molting it iu1g Condition: Used

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