Sandown Castle Sandwich Bay: Kent: Planner's Map 1950'S Ordnance,Land Reg

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Seller: chapelstile (4,203) 100%, Location: Redhill, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 163687900066 VINTAGE MAP- SOLD FOR £14 ONLY- NO AUCTION- NO POSTAGE FEE FOR 2ND CLASS UK. Seller's code: 130520193 A PLANNER’S MAP IN THE BEST DETAIL OF 25 INCHES TO THE MILE DETAIL 1:2500 PLAN TR 3754 1952-1953-1956-1957 OF SANDOWN CASTLE- THE COAST ROYAL CINQUE PORTS GOLF CLUB AND SANDWICH BAY NORTH OF DEAL ONTO TENNANTS HILLS IN KENT A planner's 25 inch to the mile map formerly used by the Land Tax Register of Kent- Surveyed perhaps as early as 1868 but here dated to post war revision Relevelled in 1952, LWMMT re-established 1955 HWMMT re-established 1956 Printed 1957 This map was used by the Land Register in 1957. THE MAP – AN OVERALL VIEW Deal sits on the southern end of Sandwich Bay with Walmer to its south. After Kingsdowns the cliffs begin to rise towards Dover and Folkestone. To the north and set inland no is Sandwich with Richborough nearby- they were former islands and here the modern Stour reaches the bay. Further round you get to places like Pegwell and then Ramsgate. This is a small area in great detail where the last northern streets of houses in Deal meen to dunes and links of the Cinque Ports Golf Course, with stable dunes beyond called Tennants Hills and a straight coast of single on which the low and high water marks are about 30 yards apart. Along Golf Roadon this map one sees The Golf Club of the 1950’s, Golf House, Walnut Tree Farm and York Cottages, then the road continues north labelled as a Cart Track. In the west Redhouse Wall is the name of the road heading north west and one must assume that this is an old counter wall which held back spring tides at a time before this rather recent dune scape littoral was built up by long-shore drift. At the end of the town, on the beach or strand is Sandown Castle- just inland of the high water line and from this point south the beach is stabilised by groynes and the map shows that beach as being shingle and sand. The Coast Road here is Sandown Road which meets Godwyn Road. Ethelbert Road and Canute Road run between the Sandown Road and Golf Road and on all these there are houses. Inland of this quarter is an unknown pyramidal earthwork- maybe a water reservoir is within it. Then west aff the town is pasture farm land with ditches. Remnant ditches are seen on Tenants Hill but they do not drain anywhere and must be left over from a period when this region was being reclaimed. To understand this landscape I think one has to imagine the mediaeval and earlier landscape. From Deal north there was a seaway called the Wantsum Channel which cut between Thanet and the mainland and reached the Thames at Reculver. In that channel there were islands and on some towns or forts flourished such as sandwich and Richborough which was originally called Rutupiae. It was a large Roman trading post. Rutupiae means “that which is raised up” suggesting that the island might have been in part artificial. Thanet was “Fire island”. And must have had a beacon on it. The Wantsum silted as did the estuary of the Stour which formerly ran up at least to Fordwich as was navigable for shipping that far. Now the Wantsum is a ditch and the Stour wends south through Canterbury and Sandwich then runs north to meet the sea near Ebbsfleet and Stonar. The lower course of the Great Stour makes one assume that longshore drift is driving south to north. You don’t have to be very old to remember Sandwich Bay differently: it changes rapidly. In the 1950s the bay coast was sandy. But in the last 70 s it has become more pebbly. Out on the dune littoral are two famous golf courses- princes and Royal St Georges and there was a great hotel and estate out on the bay but I think that establishment is demolished. There are public paths and tracks across the bay littoral but the main bay road- running south from Sandwich is, or was tolled for vehicles. There was a public road parallel to it , a grass road, and old people told how an elderly gentleman ran his horse and trap along it once a year to keep it legally open. That may have been forgotten now. Inland the railway runs from sandwich to Deal. Therefore, one must imagine a promontory at Reculver, and coastal town at Sandwich perhaps reached by a causeway, and this stop at Sandown – and in between them a vast landscape of tidal marsh and open water which has retreated over the centuries. To look forward, the drift will continue and Sandwich bay will slowly infill. In the distant future the Stour will pass Pegwell and meet the sea near Ramsgate. It is a more curious phenomenon than one might at first think, because this land accretion takes place in Southern England which generally is suffering sinkage and land loss. Archao-geologists speak of five ancestral terraces on which the Stour used to run up in Blean Forest. The implication must be that some tectonic changes happen here, and it is not just silting. SANDOWN CASTLE This castle seems largely destroyed now and modern pictures show what is essentially foundation remnants with flowers planted amongst them, but there are Victorian and 20th century photos showing its with round bastions and high walls so its destruction must have been recent. It was a Tudor artillery castle of the age of Henry VIII. Like Deal Castle, it looked like a collection of sandcastles interlocking with a moat about it and a wall without. There was a central keep and 4 circular bastions. It was used by the military until 1863 but demolished between then and the end of the century- Then the council took it over and has reinforced what survives with concrete but erosion is still likely. On this map walling is seen on the seaward side with two semi circular bastions at the north end and then an indented semi circle which might be the remnant of a central courtyard. Behind or landward of this stone work is a sunken remnant of the moat. It is possible that the mapping of this map is of historical interest and shows a survey of circa 1880-1900 and not one of the revision dates cited- 1950’s. Old engravings show it surrounded by high storm waves and perhaps the best way to envisage it is to go and look at that beach castle right opposite it at Ambleteuse in Pas de Calais, which is a very similar form and position- surrounded by high water- but still standing. That castle too affords very spectacular photographic images in stormy weather. Sandown, Deal and Waler Castles protected the Downs from attack by the Spanish and French. The Downs were the safe anchorage between the Goodwin Sands and the coast. It is interesting that a road on this map is called Godwyn Road. There is a legend that the Goodwins were once an island, now destroyed by storms, and that was in the possession of the Earls Godwyn, of whom Harold Godwinson was the last leader and King of England. Anciently this island was called Lomea and the Romans called it Infera Insula. One must envisage this map area a s a promontory with water not just to the east, but also to the north and north west. DEAL Deal was never a Cinque port in its own right, but was an associate Cinque Port. Today fishboats are drawn up on its stony beach, but to envisage it as a port one must assume quays or and enclosed harbour and I cannot see where that could have been except on the vicinity of this map, perhaps in that land seen here now dune filled between the Redhouse Wall and the castle. I wonder if a ancient port lies somewhere under this extensive drift coastline. On this map, amongst the streets of houses here by the castle is a miniature golf course and the promenade is also called “The Marina”. The houses of Golf Road are Victorian terraces, but those of Ethelbert Road seem modern and must either have been very new at the time of this map, or replacements of what are mapped here. The housing here and in canute Road was probably built just post war as council housing- no doubt sold off in the Thatcher period. By the castle there is a Deco or Bauhaus looking home of some interest and other large lodges are white with green tiled roofs or continental turreted features. Further south the Victorian and Edwardian houses have survived near the sea, but inland are much newer homes which must postdate this map. I think the area mapped here as a park with miniature golf is now a new housing district about Sandown Close. Vernan Place also does not appear on this map and those large open spaces due west of Sandown Road are now also built upon. Godwyn Road is a continuation of that post war Council home district and the large Victorian villas seen on this map at the Golf Road end and junction seem also to have been replaced by modern housing. Deal is a curious name for a town: it means “Valley” and comes from the word “Dael” or “Dale”. The curiosity is: why call a seaside town a “valley”, and why use a form, cognate to Dale, which is not used in Southern England? The answer must either be that the original settlement was set inland in one of the dry chalk valleys of the district, or that erosion since Saxon times has made the landscape so different that the “valley” in which the old town was established, is now washed away by coastal erosion. Walmer, the southern part of this community, means “Mash of the Welsh”- so again one must assume a completely different coastal landscape. THE 1950’S The 1950’s seen here were a decade of austerity following the War. In Deal, despite this, council housing was built and the old pier was replaced by a new one. The coast had probably been a restricted zone in the 2nd World War and covered with barbed wire rolls, for this was a likely invasion point. In fact it was the only one, because the cliffs made invasion impossible between here are Hythe and Romney was an impossible obstacle so a German landing would have had to have been here or at Pevensey- Eastbourne. In that war, only a decade before this map, there was an internment and refugee camp at Stonar and many local people but up Jewish families who had been temporarily housed there. There were AA guns at the ends of the streets in Deal and and Sandwich and the locals complained that they could not sleep at night. At the time of this map the whole sea horizon was a line of ship superstructures: ships which had hit the Goodwins or been run aground on them after being holed. Gradually these were dismantled and today none are left. A local old lady remembered the Fog Horn out on the Goodwins and said that it was so all pervasive that she still heard it in her head after she had moved to Stanmore in Middlesex. The lights at either end of the Goodwins were on lightships. Five used to mark the sands off this map region but now only one is on station: East Goodwins Lightship. Miner’s used to live here in the pre and post war period but there was always some conflict between them and locals and so gradually miners moved to bespoke villages for them such as Hersden, Elvington, Woolage and Snowdown. I suppose it possible that the housing of this map was partly inhabited by miners’ families: the mines were all gone by c1986: Snowdown, Tilmanstone, Betteshanger- and further off Chislet. CARTOGRAPHY The grid on this map is 100 metres and so the map is 1000 metres west to east and 1000 metres north to south : which shows the great focus here: the entire map surface shows one square kilometre. On this scale a 100 metres is about 1 1/2 inches. Here is a National Grid based on the false datum off the Scilly Isles. Which this map tells one is 637 km to the west. The datum for the National Grid is 49 degrees north and 8 degrees west. The False Datum establishes a grid in which all Great Britain is east or north of the point. There is one interesting exception: Rockall. Ireland is on a different Grid. This metric grid is really an army thing and evolved from the Cassini Grid on GSGS War office maps. Prior to that the False Datum was still used but yards were expressed. The projection is a Transverse Mercator for a standard Mercator distorts too much at this latitude and so a Transverse datum is established at a convenient point. The latitudinal datum for a standard Mercator is of course the Equator. The Transverse Mercator datum is not quite the same as the National Grid False Datum. I have found the Transverse Mercator datum cited only on one map and it was given as 49 degrees north and 2 degrees west: That is a latitude south of all land on the country and 2 degrees west is roughly the centre of the island of Great Britain. Mercator Projects are clever because although latitude distorts north and south of the datum, you can still draw and accurate compass bearing on them. The projection seeks to solve the essential problem of cartography: representing a globe or a part of a globe on a flat piece of paper. The Datum for sea level and altitude is established at Newlyn in Cornwall but prior to 1915-20 used to be at Liverpool. That is why relevelling dates are cited on this and all such maps. The new Newlyn Datum was established in 1915 but they measured the tide ever 15 minutes for 5 years before they established the Mean Sea Level Datum, and began using it in 1920. Triangulation of Deal and Sandown here and all Britain spread out from the first base line established on Hounslow Heath by Capt. Roy in the 18th century. Deal and Sandown was in an area mapped very early in the Ordnance mapping of England which rolled out from the south east to the north west. MAP STATS OLDMAPSHOP: IS MY SOURCE ON-LINE FOR MAP & CARTOGRAPHIC HISTORY TITLE: Kent SHEET TR 3754 DATES: 1952-1953-56-57 PUBLISHER: Ordnance Survey of England and Wales EDITION: 25 Inches to the Mile planner map PRINTER: Ordnance Survey Office-and Kent County Council planners PRINTING CODE: A PRINTING PROCESS: Lithography SCALE: 25 inch to the mile or 1:2500 GRID: 100 metre grid OVERALL DIMENSIONS: about 20 inches by 18 inches COVER DIMENSIONS: N/A Sheet COVER DETAIL:N/A Sheet COVER CONDITION: N/A Sheet MAP PAPER OR LINEN BACKED: Paper FOLD WEAR: minimal. EDGE NICKS: some on left side, strengthened on verso PIN HOLES AT FOLD JUNCTIONS: no VERSO: Plain Paper FOXING: no REINFORCING: edge strengtheners on left edge SURFACE MARKING: few FOLDED INTO: 8 sections ANNOTATION: not seen INTEREST: Considerable: Sandwich Bay Gold courses, Sandown Castle, the town about Ethelbert Road and Golf Road GENERAL CONDITION: Good - edge nicks THE NORTH WEST CORNER OF THIS MAP IS AT: Drains out on the pasture marshes landward of Tenants Hills THE NORTH EAST CORNER OF THIS MAP IS AT: Sea off the coast of Sandwich Bay THE SOUTH EAST CORNER OF THIS MAP IS AT: Sea off Godwyn Road and beach- Deal THE SOUTH WEST OF THIS MAP IS AT: Pasture marsh inland of Godwyn Road and North Deal THE CENTRE OF THIS MAP IS AT: Upper shingle beach Sandwich Bay xxxxxxxxxxxxx BUY HISTORIC MAPS, BUY MAPS AS PRESENTS, STUDY MAPS; SEARCH OLD MAPS; BUY LOCAL HISTORY MAPS; BUY MAPS OF YOUR REGION; YOUR PAST LANDSCAPE, THE HISTORICAL LANDSCAPE; MAPS OF YOUR REGION IN THE PAST; OLD MAPS; COLLECTABLE MAPS, RARE MAPS; UNIQUE MAP; VICTORIAN MAPS, GEORGIAN MAPS, COUNTY MAPS, RAILWAY MAPS, IMPORTANT MAPS; EDWARDIAN MAPS, 1920'S MAPS, 1930'S MAPS, 1940'S MAPS, 1950'S, MAPS, 1960'S MAPS, ORDNANCE SURVEY MAPS, BARTHOLOMEW'S MAPS, CRUCHLEY MAPS, GEORGE BACON MAPS, STANFORD MAPS, GALL AND INGLIS MAPS; MILITARY MAPS, WAR TIME MAPS, GSGS WAR OFFICE MAPS, ENGLISH MAPS, IRISH MAPS , SCOTTISH MAPS, WELSH MAPS, ANNOTATED MAPS, FOOTPATH MAPS, CYCLING MAPS, GEOLOGICAL MAPS, HYDROGRAPHIC MAPS, TRAVELLERS' MAPS. ANCIENT MAPS, EUROPEAN MAPS, MAPS AS GIFTS. Condition: SHEET, FOLDED TO EIGHT, SHORE LINE, SINGLE AND SAND, CASTLE SEEN PERHAPS SURVEYED QUITE EARLY. STABLE DUNE, TENANTS HILLS, GOLF COURSES, HOUSING OF NORTH DEAL, NOW LOST TOWN FEATURES- COASTAL GEOLOGY OF SANDWICH BAY, MONOCHROME, VERY CLOSE DETAIL, FULLY DATED FOUR, DATES CITED, THE DOWNS (ANCHORAGE) HISTORY OF THE REGION AIDED BY DETAILS OF THIS MAP., County: Kent, Cartographer/Publisher: ORDNANCE SURVEY OF ENGLAND AND WALES, Printing Technique: Lithography, Original/Reproduction: Vintage Original, Format: SHEET,MONOCHROME,OS,PLANNER'S MAP, PLAIN VERSO, Type: 25 INCH SCALE OS PLANNERS MAP-VINTAGE, Year: 1952-53-56-57, Date Range: 1952-1953-1956-1957, City: DEAL-WALMER , SANDOWN, Country/Region: England, State: SOUTH EAST HOME COUNTIES-CHANNEL COAST, Era: 1950'S, SANDOWN CASTLE IN DEAL KENT 1950'S: TENANTS HILLS AND CINQUE POTS GOLF COURSE KENT, LOST AMMENIES FROM 1950'S DEAL: BEST DETAIL FOR AN HISTORIAN OF DEAL-SANDWICH BAY

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