Roman Imperatorial, Pompey Magnus d.48 BC posthumous issue AR denarius 42-40 BC!

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Seller: fore1327 (1,299) 100%, Location: Milledgeville, Georgia, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 392454312601 Offered for Auction or Buy It Now is a ancient and rare Roman, silver denarius Of Pompey the Great minted by his son Sextus Pompey. Pompey Magnus, d. 48 BC, AR Denarius, posthumous issue 42-40 BC. Obverse: Obverse: MAG PIVS IMP [ITER], Head of Pompey the Great right, lituus in r. field; capis in l. field. Reverse: Neptune l., foot on prow, between brothers Anapias and Amphinomus, carrying their parents on their shoulders; PRAEF above, In ex.: CLAS.ET.[ORAE / MARIT.EX.S.C] EXCELLENT PORTRAIT OF POMPEY THE GREAT. Return Policy: This coin is guaranteed genuine by NGC. No returns please. If not any exceptional reason a return is accepted, the coin must be protected in its encapsulation, untampered with, unmarked, and in the same condition in which it was sent to the buyer. Shipping Policy: The coin will be shipped via USPS first class mail with signature confirmation, within the U.S. We will ship via USPS international Priority mail for international buyers. We are not responsible for international postal or custom delays, losses, or damage. If you need, expedited shipping please e-mail us. Good Luck! Imperatorial History of the Pompey Family: Sextus Pompeius Magnus Pius, or Sextus Pompey (c.67 BC-35 BC), was a Roman general from the late Republic (1st century BC). He was the last focus of opposition to dictatorship of the Second Triumvirate. Sextus Pompeius was the youngest son of Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) by his third wife, Mucia Tertia. His older brother was Gnaeus Pompeius, from the same mother. Both boys grew up in the shadow of their father, one of Rome's best generals and an originally non-conservative politician who drifted to the more traditional faction when Julius Caesar became a threat. When Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BC, thus starting a civil war, Sextus' older brother Gnaeus followed their father in his escape to the East, as did most of the conservative senators. Sextus stayed in Rome in the care of his stepmother, Cornelia Metella. Pompey's army lost the battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC and Pompey himself had to run for his life. Cornelia and Sextus met him in the island of Lesbos and together they fled to Egypt. On the arrival, Sextus watched his father being killed by treachery on September 29 of the same year. After the murder, Cornelia returned to Rome, but in the following years Sextus joined the resistance against Caesar in the African provinces. Together with Metellus Scipio, Cato the younger, his brother Gnaeus and other senators, they prepared to oppose Caesar and his army to the end. Caesar won the first battle at Thapsus in 46 BC against Metellus Scipio and Cato, who committed suicide. In 45 BC, Caesar managed to defeat the Pompeius brothers in the battle of Munda, in Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula, comprising modern Spain and Portugal). Gnaeus Pompeius was executed, but young Sextus escaped once more, this time to Sicily. Back in Rome, Julius Caesar was murdered on the Ides of March (March 15) 44 BC by a group of senators led by Cassius and Brutus. This incident did not lead to a return to normality, but provoked yet another civil war between Caesar's political heirs and his assassins. The second triumvirate was formed by Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus, with the intention of avenging Caesar and subduing all opposition. Sextus Pompeius in Sicily was certainly a rebellious man, but the Cassius and Brutus faction was the second triumvirate's first priority. Thus, with the whole island as his base, Sextus had the time and resources to develop an army and, even more importantly, a strong navy operated by Sicilian marines. Brutus and Cassius lost the twin battles of Philippi and committed suicide in 42 BC. After this, the triumvirs turned their attentions to Sicily and Sextus. But by this time, Sextus was prepared for strong resistance. In the following years, military confrontations failed to return a conclusive victory for either side and in 39 BC, Sextus and the triumvirs signed for peace in the Pact of Misenum. The reason for this peace treaty was the anticipated campaign against the Parthian Empire. Antony, the leader, needed all the legions he could get so it was useful to secure an armistice in the Sicilian front. The peace did not last for long. Octavian and Antony's frequent quarrels were a strong political motivation for resuming the war against Sextus. Octavian tried again to conquer Sicily, but he was defeated in the naval battle of Messina (37 BC) and again in August 36 BC. But Octavian had Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a very talented general, on his side. Only a month afterwards, Agrippa destroyed Sextus' navy off Naulochus cape. Sextus escaped to the East and, by abandoning Sicily, lost his only base of support. Sextus Pompeius was caught in Miletus in 35 BC and executed without trial (an illegal act since Sextus was a Roman citizen) by order of Marcus Titius, Antony's minion. His violent death would be one of the weapons used by Octavian against Antony several years later, when the situation between the two reached a boiling point. Sextus had married his great, great niece Scribonia. Scribonia was the daughter of Lucius Scribonius Libo, consul of 34 BC. Scribonia's father was Sextus' great nephew. He was the son of Cornelia Sulla and Lucius Scribonius Libo. Cornelia Sulla was a daughter of Pompeia Magna from her first marriage. Pompeia Magna was Sextus' elder sister. Sextus and Scribonia had a daughter and only child called Pompeia Magna. Condition: Coin was graded and encapsulated by NGC, Lustrous with nice details in both obverse and reverse. off centered obverse, Material: Silver, Modified Item: No, Country/Region of Manufacture: Italy, Certification Number: 4279744-006, Certification: NGC, Date: 42-40 BC, Grade: VF, Composition: Silver, Denomination: Denarius

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