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Rare Antique Ancient Egyptian Ushabti (Servent) for king SenusretIII1878-1839 BC

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Seller: shaahmabd (57) 100%, Location: cairo, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 142611627593 You Are Bidding on Rare Antique Ancient Egyptian Ushabti with head of king pharaoh Senusret III when he was young and his hair is long like horse tail. As it shows Ushabti for pharaoh King Senusret III since it is written on Ushabti by Hiroglyphic pharaoh Senusret . Since Ancient Egyptians thought there is life after death same like life on earth. So they did ushabtis with head of dead since they thought ushabtis will work as servant for dead as they thought ushabti will cook will farm will clean the grave will will bring water for dead since pharaoh Senusret III was strong pharaoh since he was famous with his pyramid which he build also for the great war campains he did in nubia to unify egypt also at his campains at Africa also was was famous for his great minuments and temples he did. Such ushabtis were made after pharaoh Senusret III death since they put at grave Height: 20 cmWidth:6 cm Ancient Egyptian Ushabti ushabti (also called shabti or shawabti, with a number of variant spellings, Ancient Egyptian plural: ushabtiu) was a funeraryfigurine used in Ancient Egypt. Ushabtis were placed in tombs among the grave goods and were intended to act as servants or minions for the deceased, should they be called upon to do manual labor in the afterlife. Ushabti were intended to farm for the deceased. They were usually written on by the use of hieroglyphs typically found on the legs.Called “answerers,” they carried inscriptions asserting their readiness to answer the gods' summons to work. The practice of using ushabtis originated in the Old Kingdom (c. 2600 to 2100 BCE) with the use of life-sized reserve heads made from limestone, which were buried with the mummy.Most ushabtis were of minor size, and many produced in multiples – they sometimes covered the floor around a sarcophagus. During ancient period there is some evidence of the sacrificial burial of servants with the deceased. However, this practice was quickly seen as unnecessary and wasteful, and instead symbolic images of servants were painted inside tombs to aid the deceased in the afterworld. This practice developed into the use of small statuettes known as Shabti (Shabtiu, Shabty, Shawabti or Ushabti). A UShabti is a small figure representing a person who would perform a given task for the deceased in the afterlife. The Amduat (underworld) included tracts of land granted to the deceased by the sun god Ra from which the blessed dead could receive their nourishment. Unsurprisingly, wealthy nobles and royalty did not plan on doing any work themselves and so they would take their (symbolic) servants with them. Early versions (Shabti or Shabtiu) were modelled to represent the task that they would perform and given tiny tools etc with which to complete their tasks. Later on Shawabti (and Ushabti) were inscribed with a magical formula which would activate them. as they put at tombs to work the dead persone and to do for hime his work King pharaoh Senusret IIISenusret III was a pharaoh of Egypt. He ruled from 1878 BC to 1839 BC during a time of great power and prosperity,and was the fifth monarch of the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. He was a great pharaoh of the Twelfth Dynasty and is considered to be perhaps the most powerful Egyptian ruler of the dynasty. Consequently, he is regarded as one of the sources for the legend aboutSesostris. His military campaigns gave rise to an era of peace and economic prosperity that reduced the power of regional rulers and led to a revival in craftwork, trade and urban development.Senusret III was one of the few kings who were deified and honored with a cult during their own lifetime. Senusret III was the son of Senusret II and ofKhenemetneferhedjet I also called Khenemetneferhedjet I Weret (the elder). Two wives of Senusret III are known for certain. These are Khenemetneferhedjet II and Neferthenut, . Several daughters are known, . These include Sithathor, Menet, Senetsenebtysy and Meret.Amenemhat III was most likely a son of the king. Senusret III cleared a navigable canal through the first cataract(this was different from the Canal of the Pharaohs, which Senusret III also apparently tried to build). He also relentlessly pushed his kingdom's expansion into Nubia (from 1866 to 1863 BC) where he erected massive river forts including Buhen, Semna and Toshka at Uronarti.He carried out at least four major campaigns into Nubia in his Years 8, 10, 16 and 19.His Year 8 stela at Semna documents his victories against the Nubians through which he is thought to have made safe the southern frontier, preventing further incursions into Egypt.Another great stelafrom Semna dated to the third month of Year 16 of his reign mentions his military activities against both Nubia andCanaan. In it, he admonished his future successors to maintain the new border which he had created:“Year 16, third month of winter: the king made his southern boundary at Heh. I have made my boundary further south than my fathers. I have added to what was bequeathed me. (...) As for any son (i.e., successor) of mine who shall maintain this border which my Majesty has made, he is my son born to my Majesty. The true son is he who champions his father, who guards the border of his begetter. But he [who] abandons it, who fails to fight for it, he is not my son, he was not born to me. Now my majesty has had an image made of my majesty, at this border which my majesty has made, in order that you maintain it, in order that you fight for it.”His final campaign which was in Year 19 was less successful because the king's forces were caught by the Nile being lower than normal and they had to retreat and abandon their campaign to avoid being trapped in hostile Nubian territory.Such was his forceful nature and immense influence that Senusret III was worshipped as a god in Semna by later generations. rock inscriptions near Sehel Island documenting his digging of a canal under the king. Senusret III erected a temple and townin Abydos, and another temple in Medamud.His court included the viziers Sobekemhat, Nebit andKhnumhotep. Ikhernofret worked as treasurer for the king at Abydos. Senankh cleared the canal at Sehel for the king. A double-dated papyrus shows Year 20 of his reign next to Year 1 of his son Amenemhat III; this is generally assumed to be a proof for a coregency with his son which should have been started in this year. a white limestone block from:“...a securely defined deposit of construction debris produced from the building of the Senwosret III mortuary temple. The fragment itself is part of the remnants of the temple construction. This deposit provides evidence for the date of construction of the mortuary temple of Senwosret III at Abydos. Amenemhat III, Senusret's son and successor, would still be working on his father's temple nearly 4 decades into his own reign. He notes that the only possible solution for the block's existence here is that Senusret III had a 39-year reign, with the final 20 years in coregency with his son Amenemhat III. Since the project was associated with a project of Senusret III, his Regnal Year was presumably used to date the block, rather than Year 20 of Amenemhat III. This implies that Senusret was still alive in the first two decades of his son's reign. Senusret's pyramid complex was built north-east of the Red Pyramid of Dashurand in grandeur far surpassed those from the early 12th dynasty in size and underlying religious conceptions.There has been speculation that Senusret was not necessarily buried there but rather in his sophisticated funerary complex in Abydos with his pyramid more likely to have been a cenotaph.Senusret's pyramid is 105 meters square and 78 meters high. The total volume was about 288,000 cubic meters. The pyramid was built of a core of mud bricks. They were not made a consistent size implying that standardized moulds weren't used. The burial chamber was lined with granite. Above the vaulted burial chamber was a second relieving chamber that was roofed with 5 pairs of limestone beams each weighing 30 tons. Above this was a third mudbrick vault.The pyramid complex included a small mortuary temple and 7 smaller pyramids for his queens. There is also an underground gallery with further burials for royal women. Here were found the treasures of Sithathor and queenMereret. There was also a southern temple, however this has since been destroyed Senusret III is well known for his distinctive statues which are almost immediately recognizable as his. On them, the king is depicted at different ages, and in particular on the aged ones he sports a strikingly somber expression: the eyes are protruding from hollow eyesockets with pouches and lines under them, the mouth and lips have a grimace of bitterness, and the ears are enormous and protruding forwards. In sharp contrast with the even-exaggerated realism of the head and regardless of its age, the rest of the body is idealized as forever young and muscular in a more classical pharaonic fashion.About the reasons why Senusret III chose to be depicted in this unique way one can only speculate, and scholars have proposed two main and somewhat polarized hypothesis.Some believe that Senusret wanted to be represented as a lonely and disenchanted ruler, human before divine, consumed by worries and by his responsibilities.At the opposite, other scholars suggested that the statues originally would convey the idea of a dreadful tyrant able to see and hear everything under his strict control. Paymet- We accept paypal shipment- takes from 14 days or 21 days after shipment may be less- we will ship after 5 days from payment-We ship world wide condition-As you can see in picture returns- we refund you money after you return the peice Condition: As shown At picture, Provenance: Luxor, Material: Stone

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