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Rare Ancient Egyptian Antiques 4 Canopic Jars ( 990–969 BCE)

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Seller: min2018 (15) 100%, Location: Luxor, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 123272020067 Rare Ancient Egyptian Antiques 4 Canopic Jars ( 990–969 BCE) Dimensions Length: 11.5 cmWidth: 5.5 cm About Canopic jarsCanopic jars used by the ancient Egyptians during the mummification process to store and preserve the viscera of their owner for the afterlife. They were commonly either carved from limestone or were made of pottery.[1] These jars were used by the ancient Egyptians from the time of the Old Kingdom until the time of the Late Period or the Ptolemaic Period, by which time the viscera were simply wrapped and placed with the body.[2] The viscera were not kept in a single canopic jar: each jar was reserved for specific organs. The name "canopic" reflects the mistaken association by early Egyptologists with the Greek legend of Canopus.[3]Canopic jars of the Old Kingdom were rarely inscribed, and had a plain lid. In the Middle Kingdom inscriptions became more usual, and the lids were often in the form of human heads. By the Nineteenth dynasty each of the four lids depicted one of the four sons of Horus, as guardians of the organs.The canopic jars were four in number, each for the safekeeping of particular human organs: the stomach, intestines, lungs, and liver, all of which, it was believed, would be needed in the afterlife. There was no jar for the heart: the Egyptians believed it to be the seat of the soul, and so it was left inside the body.[n 1]Many Old Kingdom canopic jars were found totally empty and damaged, even in undisturbed tomb context. Therefore it seems that they were never used as container for entrails. Instead it seems that they were part of burial rituals and were placed after these rituals empty into the burial.The design of canopic jars changed over time. The oldest date from the Eleventh or the Twelfth dynasty, and are made of stone or wood.[7] The last jars date from the New Kingdom. In the Old Kingdom the jars had plain lids, though by the First Intermediate Period jars with human heads (assumed to represent the dead) began to appear.[1] Sometimes the covers of the jars were modeled after (or painted to resemble) the head of Anubis, the god of death and embalming. By the late Eighteenth dynastycanopic jars had come to feature the four sons of Horus.[8] Many sets of jars survive from this period, in alabaster, aragonite, calcareous stone, and blue or green glazed porcelain.[7] The sons of Horus were also the gods of the cardinal compass points.[9] Each god was responsible for protecting a particular organ, and was himself protected by a companion goddess. Desecration Ancient Egyptian Ancient Egyptian 4 Canopic Jars made of Faience Pay Accept paypal only Shipping We ship to worldwide we ship DHL Combine shipping First item fee 100%, second to fourth 50% fee, the rest will be 25% Material: faience

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