RARE MEDIEVAL 10-13th CENTURY "JERUSALEM"-STYLE "CRUSADER'S" RELIQUARY CROSS

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Seller: godblessyou21 (798) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202567789964 Beautifully preserved, ancient medieval Reliquary Cross pendant featuring "Jerusalem" or "Crusader's" Cross design with hand-carved image of the Cross filled with silvery mixture of metals known as niello, and a well preserved solid, rotating necklace bale. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, decorated with niello engravings (partially preserved). Similar objects are dated c.10th-13th century (according to the available literature). Good antique condition, slightly deformed, scratched and worn out, and covered with beautiful, original dark brown- to green patina from the past centuries. The halves of the Cross appear to be locked, or partially sealed, and are not opening. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith, this cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition. The Reliquary appears to be at least partially sealed; therefore, it could not be excluded that it was never opened since the original placing of a relic inside and sealing of the halves with a special wax. Such a relic would most likely be a tiny pieces of the True Cross, or something that was touching them. The halves of the Cross are currently not opening, and I do not have any scientific means to find out if the wax is authentic, and if there is any relic traces inside the reliquary. To me, it is a fascinating mystery making it so valuable. One side of the Cross bears a handcarved image resembling the "Jerusalem Cross" - a larger Cross surrounded by four smaller crosses. It is believed to symbolize the four Gospels surrounding the large central cross of the Savior, Jesus Christ. The other symbolic meaning of the four smaller crosses around one large, central Cross, is associated with four wounds of Jesus caused by the crucifixion nails surrounding His pierced Sacred Heart. The shape of the cross became known because of the Crusades, and was associated with the Crusaders' "Kingdom of Jerusalem". Also known as the "Crusader Cross", the Jerusalem Cross dates back to the 11th-12th centuries when the Crusaders captured Jerusalem and established a new Crusader State, the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. The Jerusalem Cross became a distinct symbol of the State. The image appears to be filled (inlaid) with niello, a mixture of silver and other metal sulphides, used as an inlay on engraved metal jewelry. The ancient Egyptians are credited with starting niello decoration, which spread throughout Europe during the late Iron Age, and is common in Anglo-Saxon, Celtic, Byzantine and other types of Early Medieval jewelry. Pectoral Reliquary Cross (known as "Engolpion" or "Enkolpion" in the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches) was originally worn by priests or bishops. The tradition started likely c. 9th century when relics of the True Cross became venerated, and were carried in cross-shaped reliquaries like this Cross, often made from silver or gold, and decorated with enamels, niellos, and precious stones. However, laymen Orthodox and Catholic faithful also wore Cross-shaped reliquaries with small pieces of various relics (usually originated from Christian Saints). The True Cross is the name for physical remnants from the cross upon which Jesus Christ was crucified. According to an ancient Church tradition, the True Cross has been discovered by Saint Empress Helena during her pilgrimage to the Holy Land in year 326-328. Many Catholic and Orthodox churches possess fragmentary remains that are by tradition believed to those of the True Cross. Saint John Chrysostom relates that fragments of the True Cross were kept in reliquaries "which men reverently wear upon their persons". A fragment of the True Cross was received by King Alfred from Pope Marinus I (Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, year 883). Most of the very small relics of the True Cross circulated in Europe came from Constantinople, the city that was captured by Crusaders in 1204. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, measuring meter and a decorative stone are not for sale, and photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference or artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Beautifully preserved, ancient medieval Reliquary Cross pendant featuring "Jerusalem" or "Crusader's" Cross design with hand-carved image of the Cross filled with silvery mixture of metals known as niello, and a well preserved solid, rotating necklace bale. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, decorated with niello engravings (partially preserved). Similar objects are dated c.10th-13th century (according to the available literature). Good antique condition, slightly deformed, scratched and worn out, and covered with beautiful, original dark brown- to green patina from the past centuries. The halves of the Cross appear to be locked, or partially sealed, and are not opening. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith, this cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy; inlaid with niello, Type: Antique Reliquary Cross

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