RARE 17-18th CENTURY ORTHODOX CROSS with ARROW HEAD LOOP and PSALM 68 "EXORCISM"

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Seller: godblessyou21 (796) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202424382419 Rare version of an authentic Russian Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant of the "footed" type featuring a larger, solid, arrow head-shaped necklace loop and text of a traditional Orthodox Prayer based on the Psalm 68 of David the King on the reverse. Beautifully preserved, antique condition. Cast from bronze or similar brass-like copper alloy, covered with green- to brown patina. Origin likely c. late 17th - 18th century Imperial Russia. Lightly deformed/bent and worn out likely due to devotional wearing. Could have been worn as a traditional Orthodox "body" (worn below all garments and underwear) pectoral Baptism cross. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith. The shape of the cross is interesting, and resembles the Western European "footed" cross, or "cross pattee", also known as "cross patty", "cross formee/formy", or "Tatzenkreuz" (from German "Tatze" meaning foot or an animal paw). Such a cross has arms narrow in the center and flared in a straight or curved line to become broader at the perimeter. The form appeared early in the European medieval art and metalwork. It was widely used by the Crusaders, Prussia and Germany (Teutonic Knights, Knights Templar, the Iron Cross of Prussia/Germany). The obverse of the cross pendant bears a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross used in the Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, usually without the letters, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. According to the "Old Believers" tradition, the "INRI" inscription made by Pontius Pilate, was considered blasphemous, and was not placed at the nameplate. Instead, the top end of the cross pendant bears an abbreviation in Church Slavonic which means "KING OF GLORY". The left and right sides of the central horizontal crossbar bear inscriptions in Church Slavonic meaning "JESUS CHRIST (IC XC) SON OF GOD". The lower end of the vertical crossbar bears an ancient Greek symbol "NIKA" pointing to the Christ's victory over the Devil, sin and death. A small, symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The reverse of the cross bears a larger, cruciform image of a flower symbolizing a life-giving nature of the Cross. The flower is surrounded by words of an abbreviated version of Psalm 68 in Church Slavonic meaning "MAY GOD ARISE AND MAY HIS ENEMIES BE SCATTERED...". The words of the prayer are well preserved and identifiable. This psalm-based prayer is traditionally inscribed on the reverse of the Old Believers' Orthodox body (Baptism) cross pendants, meaning to provide protection of the faithful cross-bearer against the evil spirits (God's enemies), and thereby is considered a version of the Exorcism prayer. Also, the exorcism is still a part of Catholic doctrine and liturgy. There is the great exorcism of Pope Leo XIII (Invocation of the Archangel Michael, exorcism, Psalm 68/67, exorcism, prayer). The completion of the Great Exorcism is reserved to a priest and requires special permission from the bishop. The rite is regulated in the newly revised part of the Roman Ritual De exorcismis et supplicationibus quibusdam of 1999. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference and artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Rare version of an authentic Russian Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant of the "footed" type featuring a larger, solid, arrow head-shaped necklace loop and text of a traditional Orthodox Prayer based on the Psalm 68 of David the King on the reverse. Beautifully preserved, antique condition. Cast from bronze or similar brass-like copper alloy, covered with green- to brown patina. Origin likely c. late 17th - 18th century Imperial Russia. Lightly deformed/bent and worn out likely due to devotional wearing. Could have been worn as a traditional Orthodox "body" (worn below all garments and underwear) pectoral Baptism cross. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith., Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross

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