Seller: keyz1961 (1,317) 98.7%, Location: Kiev, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 371789906758 Perfect Khazarians axe adze. The Nomads. ca 7-9 AD. The Khazars were a semi-nomadic Turkic people who created the most powerful Western steppe empire, Khazaria, between the late 7th and 10th centuries. Astride one of the major arteries of commerce between northern Europe and southwestern Asia, Khazaria became one of the foremost trading emporia of the medieval world, commanding the western marches of the Silk Road and played a key commercial role as a crossroad between China, the Middle East, and European Russia. For some three centuries (c. 650–965) the Khazars dominated the vast area extending from the Volga-Don steppes to the eastern Crimea and the northern Caucasus Khazaria long served as a buffer state between the Byzantine empire and both the nomads of the northern steppes and the Umayyad empire, after serving as Byzantium's proxy against the Sassanid Persian empire. The alliance was dropped around 900 CE., as Byzantium began to encourage the Alans to attack Khazaria and weaken its hold on Crimea and the Caucasus, while seeking to obtain an entente with the rising Rus' power to Khazaria's north, which it aspired to convert to Christianity. Between 965 and 969, the Kievan Rus ruler Sviatoslav I of Kiev conquered the capital Atil and destroyed the Khazar state. Found in Ukraine .From private collection. Length 13 cm. Weight 225 gr. CLEANED PROFESSIONALLY USING ONLY ELECTROLYSIS WITH CARBON LEFT ON THE ITEM GIVING THE ITEM A BEAUTIFUL BLACK COLOR! PRESERVED IN A HOT WAX DIP. GUARANTEE: As with all my items, this piece is guaranteed original. Buy with confidence. I have 100% feedback and I pride myself on accurate descriptions, good communication, fast despatch and good packing. We will send you purchase items only registered air mail with tracking numbers mandatory provision. Shipping to Europe, USA, Canada, Japan - 10-20 days, Australlia and other countries - 20-30 days. We offer combined shipping on purchased in a 7 days !Payment to be received within 7 days, unless you request us to hold the item for you. If you would like us to hold the item more than 7 days we would prefer you to pay (without postage) On receiving full payment I usually post items the next working day.I do combine orders to reduce shipping costs, please request the total amount once all purchases have been made. A revised invoice will be provided as soon as possible. Our Feedback Policy. We leave feedback in the hands of ebays automated feedback system. Once postive feedback recieved for us, automatic postive will be left for you.