Pendant cross of Kievan Rus 9-12 century

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Seller: vikingheritag (232) 99.4%, Location: Kiev, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 183760271785 Viking Combat Knife 9-10 Century Pendant cross of Kievan Rus 9-12 century Excellent collection status. Without defects and cracks. Resistant thousand year old patina. Material is copper . Found with a metal detector. Kyivan Rus’ The first state to arise among the Eastern Slavs. It took its name from the city of Kyiv, the seat of the grand prince from about 880 until the beginning of the 13th century. At its zenith, it covered a territory stretching from the Carpathian Mountains to the Volga River, and from the Black Sea to the Baltic Sea. The state's rapid rise and development was based on its advantageous location at the intersection of major north-south and east-west land and water trade routes with access to two major seas, and favorable local conditions for the development of agriculture. In the end, however, the state's great size led to the development of centrifugal tendencies and local interests that limited its political and social cohesion. This, and its proximity to the Asian steppes, which left it vulnerable to invasions of nomadic hordes, eventually contributed to the decline of Kyivan Rus’.Origins. The question of the origins of Kyivan Rus’ still produces controversy among historians. The oldest, or Normanist theory rests mainly on a literal interpretation of the Primary Chronicle and stresses the role of the Varangians as the first leaders and organizers of the state. Ukrainian historians, have generally downplayed the Varangian influence on the formation of Rus’. However, it remains, with certain modifications, the basis of Western historiography of Ukraine We endeavour to describe and show each item as accurately as possible, we deal only in genuine artefacts and offer a guaranteed full refund on all items returned to us in the condition purchased. Please view our other items, thank you for looking and good luck Shipping: Sending by Airmail within 2 days of receipt of payment, small registered package. Delivery to the Europe about 17-23 days. USA and other 17-31 days. After sending to the buyer I send the tracking number for tracking postal items. Combined shipping: If you want to buy more than one item, please, choose items and add them to your shopping cart! Go to your cart and push "Request total from seller". And I will send you an invoice with combined shipping cost! My completed transactions - the sale around the world: Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Germany, Italy, Croatia, Austria, France, Holland, Great Britain, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Israel, United States, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Japan, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, India and Australia.You can learn about my sales history in the section "Feedback"! Images sell! Get Supersized Images & Free Image HostingCreate your brand with Auctiva's Customizable Templates.Shipping: Sending by Airmail within 2 days of receipt of payment, small registered package. Delivery to the Europe about 17-23 days. USA and other 17-31 days. After sending to the buyer I send the tracking number for tracking postal items. Combined shipping: If you want to buy more than one item, please, choose items and add them to your shopping cart! Go to your cart and push "Request total from seller". And I will send you an invoice with combined shipping cost! My completed transactions - the sale around the world: Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Germany, Italy, Croatia, Austria, France, Holland, Great Britain, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Israel, United States, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Japan, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, India and Australia.You can learn about my sales history in the section "Feedback"! Attention Sellers - Get Templates Image Hosting, Scheduling at Auctiva.com. Track Page Views With Auctiva's FREE Counter Material: Bronze

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