PRE COLUMBIAN_Mesoamerican_Olmec_Black Green Jade_Celt Axe_Hand Tool_2 3/8" h h

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Seller: Top-Rated Plus Seller worldtraveler57 (3,405) 100%, Location: Miami, Florida, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 352793443474 I have a complete and utter fascination with old beads and have spent the better part of the last few weeks researching the Pre-Columbian culture as it pertains to beads and artifacts in the pursuit of writing descriptions for my eBay listings. * I have included some of those findings at the end of this description. For me the most precious part of old stone beads and artifacts is the way they feel to hold. I love the characteristics of color, patterning, shape, patina and texture. This auction is for a Pre-Columbian dark green black jade celt axe stone hand tool. This is a hefty piece with a rough but worn top edge that slopes a bit on the diagonal. The left and right sides are also very worn with erosion. The blade has some chipping on both sides. But overall, I can't help but love this piece, for all of its glorious wear and history! It measures 2 3/8" h. In millimeters it is 60.3 x 36.8 x 20.6mm. Please see photos for details. *"Greenstone axe heads, commonly known as “celts,” were some of the most important works of art across ancient Mesoamerica and Central America. Created from jadeite mined from the Motagua River Valley of southern Guatemala, or using local green stones from highland Mexico, celts were first created by the Olmec peoples of the Gulf Coast after 1000 B.C. The Olmec conceived of green celts as sprouts of maize and thus “planted” celts in dedicatory offerings, activating ceremonial spaces and perpetuating agricultural fertility. For the later Maya peoples, celts also served as dedicatory materials, but more so as adornments for the royal bodies of kings and queens. Often the celts would be thinned into celt-shaped plaques, strung together in pairs and triads in order to create belt assemblages that would have clinked with the sound of jades striking one another. Tombs from the Classic Period (ca. AD 250-900) contain celts of jadeite and various greenstones from Central Mexico to the southern Maya area, in what is now Honduras. Celts also held value for ancient peoples in Central America, including Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. Costa Rican deposits are especially rich with greenstone celts, often having been split into halves, thirds, or sixths, and then drilled with a transverse whole so that the celt-shaped pendant could be worn. Sometimes the Costa Rican materials were clearly traded down from Mesoamerica; Olmec and Maya motifs remain on some of the reworked pendants recovered further south. The celts were often transformed into anthropomorphic or avian characters, but tended to always retain a bladed shape. Though the original meaning of Olmec and Maya celts related to the production of maize may have been lost when they reached Costa Rica, greenstone as a valuable material endured well into the late 1st millennium A.D." PRE COLUMBIANMesoamericanOlmecBlack Green JadeCelt AxeHand Tool2 3/8" h h PRE COLUMBIANMesoamericanOlmecBlack Green JadeCelt AxeHand Tool2 3/8" h h Click images to enlarge Description I have a complete and utter fascination with old beads and have spent the better part of the last few weeks researching the Pre-Columbian culture as it pertains to beads and artifacts in the pursuit of writing descriptions for my eBay listings. * I have included some of those findings at the end of this description. For me the most precious part of old stone beads and artifits is the way they feel to hold. I love the characteristics of color, patterning, shape, patina and texture. This auction is for a Pre-Columbian dark green black jade celt axe stone hand tool. This is a hefty piece with a rough but worn top edge that slopes a bit on the diagonal. The left and right sides are also very worn with erosion. The blade has some chipping on both sides. But overall, I can't help but love this piece, for all of its glorious wear and history! It measures 2 3/8" h. In millimeters it is 60.3 x 36.8 x 20.6mm. Please see photos for details. Visit My eBay Store *"Greenstone axe heads, commonly known as “celts,” were some of the most important works of art across ancient Mesoamerica and Central America. Created from jadeite mined from the Motagua River Valley of southern Guatemala, or using local green stones from highland Mexico, celts were first created by the Olmec peoples of the Gulf Coast after 1000 B.C. The Olmec conceived of green celts as sprouts of maize and thus “planted” celts in dedicatory offerings, activating ceremonial spaces and perpetuating agricultural fertility. For the later Maya peoples, celts also served as dedicatory materials, but more so as adornments for the royal bodies of kings and queens. Often the celts would be thinned into celt-shaped plaques, strung together in pairs and triads in order to create belt assemblages that would have clinked with the sound of jades striking one another. Tombs from the Classic Period (ca. AD 250-900) contain celts of jadeite and various greenstones from Central Mexico to the southern Maya area, in what is now Honduras. Celts also held value for ancient peoples in Central America, including Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. Costa Rican deposits are especially rich with greenstone celts, often having been split into halves, thirds, or sixths, and then drilled with a transverse whole so that the celt-shaped pendant could be worn. Sometimes the Costa Rican materials were clearly traded down from Mesoamerica; Olmec and Maya motifs remain on some of the reworked pendants recovered further south. The celts were often transformed into anthropomorphic or avian characters, but tended to always retain a bladed shape. Though the original meaning of Olmec and Maya celts related to the production of maize may have been lost when they reached Costa Rica, greenstone as a valuable material endured well into the late 1st millennium A.D." Payment If you are planning to purchase more than one item and would like everything to be sent in one shipment please do not pay until you have completed shopping. Please email me when you are ready to check out and I will revise your invoice. Shipping If you would like to see the shipping options and costs available to you please click on the shipping and payments tab. eBay software does not combine shipping automatically. If you are buying more than one item I can revise your invoice before you pay to reflect the proper shipping. Contact Us My goal is to provide you with the best possible customer service. Your satisfaction is very important to me and I do accept returns. If you would like to return your item, or have any questions or concerns please email me and I will help you directly. Images sell! Get Supersized Images & Free Image HostingCreate your brand with Auctiva's Customizable Templates. Attention Sellers - Get Templates Image Hosting, Scheduling at Auctiva.com. Track Page Views With Auctiva's FREE Counter Condition: This is a hefty piece with a rough but worn top edge that slopes a bit on the diagonal. The left and right sides are also very worn with erosion. The blade has some chipping on both sides and there some surface scratches. But overall, I can't help but love this piece, for all of its glorious wear and history!, Material: Stone, Type: Celt Axe Hand Tool, Featured Refinements: Pre-Columbian Antiquities

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