PRE COLUMBIAN_Mayan Greenstone Black Jade Bead Stone Polisher Tool_29.9mm

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Seller: Top-Rated Plus Seller worldtraveler57 (3,405) 100%, Location: Miami, Florida, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 352793444445 The auction is for a Pre-Columbian stone artifact. I am only a collector for the sake of my love for old stone beads; and in no means a historian or expert of the subject. That being said I am going to do the best to describe this wonderful Pre-Columbian stone artifact in this auction. Based on a *thesis I found on-line by Rachael R. Landry as one of her requirements for a degree in the Master of Fine Arts in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Central Florida, I believe the Mayans used this piece as a tool to polish stone such as ear flares and beads. The surface is incredibly smooth with a wonderful patina from age and usage. The inside may have been a conical shape for drilling bead holes and subsequently broken. The exterior may have been used for polishing artifacts like ear flares and beads. This is all speculative as I do my best to write my own interpretation for this auction. The measurements are 24.2 x 29.9 x 28.9mm. The weight is 36.9 grams. *“Foshag (1957:55) described reaming as the process of smoothing drilled holes. He also included the possibility that reamers could have been used as polishers, as they would have been of the correct shape and hardness, so it is possible that the definition of reaming should also include polishing. With the addition of a fine abrasive, many of the artifacts identified as reamers would have made the perfect tools to be able to polish the throats and faces of earflares and the ends of the bore-holes and outer surfaces of beads. Foshag noted that reaming was common on the throats of earflares, citing two pairs of earflares from Kaminaljuyu where distinct angled planes were added to the throats through reaming (Kidder, Jennings, and Shook 1946:fig. 145, a, b). Reamers take the opposite shape from whatever they were used to polish. Reamers used to smooth the throats of earflares are shaped like the curved inner faces of the earflare throats (Easby 1968:21). Some also have the area that mirrors the face of the flare, if they were also being used to smooth this area. Reamers used to broaden the ends of the holes of beads are smaller with central points to fit a short distance into the beads’ bore-holes. The process of reaming likely involved polishing as well as smoothing; the smoothing effect of stone against stone would have produced a polish on both objects if worked for long enough. As the reamers to be discussed exhibit polished surfaces on the areas where they were being used against another stone, it is extremely likely that these tools were also functioning to polish these harder to reach areas of stone objects.” PRE COLUMBIANMayan Greenstone Black Jade Bead Stone Polisher Tool29.9mm Click images to enlarge Description The auction is for a Pre-Columbian stone artifact. I am only a collector for the sake of my love for old stone beads; and in no means a historian or expert of the subject. That being said I am going to do the best to describe this wonderful Pre-Columbian stone artifact in this auction. Based on a *thesis I found on-line by Rachael R. Landry as one of her requirements for a degree in the Master of Fine Arts in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Central Florida, I believe the Mayans used this piece as a tool to polish stone such as ear flares and beads. The surface is incredibly smooth with a wonderful patina from age and usage. The inside may have been a conical shape for drilling bead holes and subsequently broken. The exterior may have been used for polishing artifacts like ear flares and beads. This is all speculative as I do my best to write my own interpretation for this auction. The measurements are 24.2 x 29.9 x 28.9mm. The weight is 36.9 grams. *“Foshag (1957:55) described reaming as the process of smoothing drilled holes. He also included the possibility that reamers could have been used as polishers, as they would have been of the correct shape and hardness, so it is possible that the definition of reaming should also include polishing. With the addition of a fine abrasive, many of the artifacts identified as reamers would have made the perfect tools to be able to polish the throats and faces of earflares and the ends of the bore-holes and outer surfaces of beads. Foshag noted that reaming was common on the throats of earflares, citing two pairs of earflares from Kaminaljuyu where distinct angled planes were added to the throats through reaming (Kidder, Jennings, and Shook 1946:fig. 145, a, b). Reamers take the opposite shape from whatever they were used to polish. Reamers used to smooth the throats of earflares are shaped like the curved inner faces of the earflare throats (Easby 1968:21). Some also have the area that mirrors the face of the flare, if they were also being used to smooth this area. Reamers used to broaden the ends of the holes of beads are smaller with central points to fit a short distance into the beads’ bore-holes. The process of reaming likely involved polishing as well as smoothing; the smoothing effect of stone against stone would have produced a polish on both objects if worked for long enough. As the reamers to be discussed exhibit polished surfaces on the areas where they were being used against another stone, it is extremely likely that these tools were also functioning to polish these harder to reach areas of stone objects.” Payment If you are planning to purchase more than one item and would like everything to be sent in one shipment please do not pay until you have completed shopping. Please email me when you are ready to check out and I will revise your invoice. Shipping If you would like to see the shipping options and costs available to you please click on the shipping and payments tab. eBay software does not combine shipping automatically. If you are buying more than one item I can revise your invoice before you pay to reflect the proper shipping. Contact Us My goal is to provide you with the best possible customer service. Your satisfaction is very important to me and I do accept returns. If you would like to return your item, or have any questions or concerns please email me and I will help you directly. Images sell! Get Supersized Images & Free Image HostingCreate your brand with Auctiva's Customizable Templates. Attention Sellers - Get Templates Image Hosting, Scheduling at Auctiva.com. Track Page Views WithAuctiva's FREE Counter Condition: I believe the Mayans used this piece as a tool to polish stone such as ear flares and beads. The surface is incredibly smooth with a wonderful patina from age and usage. The inside may have been a conical shape for drilling bead holes and subsequently broken. The exterior may have been used for polishing artifacts like ear flares and beads. This is all speculative as I do my best to write my own interpretation for this auction., Type: Whistle, Featured Refinements: Pre-Columbian Antiquities, Material: Clay

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