Old Canterbury Whitstable Railway-Whitstable Kent:1952-69 50" Land Tax Plan

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Seller: chapelstile (4,235) 100%, Location: Redhill, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 163694628591 VINTAGE MAP- SOLD FOR £14 ONLY- NO AUCTION- NO POSTAGE FEE FOR 2ND CLASS UK. “PERSPECTIVES ON BRITAIN:TRAVELLING WITH A VINTAGE OR ANTIQUE MAP” Seller's code: 180520191 A VINTAGE ORDNANCE SURVEY PLANNERS SHEET THE VERY BEST DETAIL OF 50.688 INCHES : 1 MILE DETAIL EXPRESSED AS 1:12500 PLAN TR 1265 SW OF WHITSTABLE INDUSTRY South Street and Old C&WR Railway. in KENT Where local industry stands along side the dismantled Canterbury to Whitstable Railway: the first public steam railway in Southern England 1952-68-69 A Planner's 50 inch to the mile map formerly used by the Land Tax Register This map area was surveyed before 1950’s Re-levelled in part in 1952 Revised in June 1968 Republished and printed to 1969 ………….. This is a map used by the KENT LAND REGISTER. It has three franked stamps which say: “ Kent County Council Local Land Charges Index to Register” It is the very large scale of seldom seen in the public domain- it is a sheet map on thick paper with a plain verso. The map is printed in black now denoting Newlyn Datum measurements and the km National Grid spaced at 100 metre lines. The very best detail for an historian of this place. PREAMBLE TO THIS MAP Here is South Street, a district of the town and a road running south of the sea side town of Whitstable.Whitstable stands on the north coast of Kent near Tankerton and Herne Bay. Here the Thames meets the North Sea. It is a town known for its Telford Harbour and shellfish- particularly oysters. I think that a Roman road connected Whitstable to Canterbury and perhaps “the Street” a coastal shingle “pier”, was a part of the Roman Port at the coastal end of that road. Others say that The Street is a natural tidal feature: though it is therefore coincidental that the names south from there evoke a Roman Road which the frequent use of the term “Street”- as here. That is usually a fairly certain marked of a Roman road. “The Street” could be both natural and have been used as a Roman Quay of course. THIS MAP In the top left of the map (north west) Millstrood Road enters and used to cross the railway at a level crossing before joining South Street. That is still called “Southstreet Crossing” on this map. The former railway enters the map to the west of the road and Brooklands Farm. It then was raised on an embankment and then runs into the town past a close called “The halt” which may be on the site of a former station. This region of Whitsable as well as the road is called South Street. Three factories stand west of the old railway and may once have been served by it. The northern one is Millstrood Works, an Engineering company. Millstrood is an interesting Whitstable name: “strood” is and old term for a ford, causeway across a marsh or waterway: one is seen at Mersea Island in Essex and another more locally: adjacent to Rochester on the Medway. South of that is a print works- perhaps two businesses, because a smaller building is separately named “Lithographic Works”; and the southern building as a Light Engineering works. Here the Land Register Officer has annotated the map. He or she has drawn in seven units, suggesting that the building has, in 1969, divided into seven separate small enterprises. This annotation is in graphite pencil. The Officer has also annotated the housing on the opposite side of South Street: the numbering has been added by hand in ink. These houses are today Victorian interspaced with later low rise bungalows. The housing on the west side of the road date from the 1930's, again now infilled with recent homes which might not all be on this map. So of these more resent homes are also hand annotated in pencil: and it will be noted that the annotated homes are all new- but they all replaced older dwellings which must have been demolished. The west side of the map is largely empty, open land, with drainage ditches. The land is pasture, and a satellite image shows that they pasture cattle now, rather than sheep. From here to the harbour is perhaps 2 kilometres. THE CANTERBURY AND WHITSTABLE RAILWAY This railway used to operate the most famous early steam locomotive in Southern England: it was called Invicta, named after the arms of the county. It is a rearing horse which is Belgic in origin and can be seen in ancient art all the way from Wiltshire to Kent, Pas de Calais and Hannover. The name means “Unconquered” and relates to an idea that Kent had an accord with William the Conqueror, preserved some of its Saxon customs, and was not subjugated by the Normans. The railway was opened in 1830, it is one of about six which claim to be England’s First Railway. Initially is went down a different technological route to the Liverpool & Manchester railway: it used cable hauling powered by stationary steam engines. The first locomotives, like Invicta, were feeble and kept to the flat stretches of the line. Invica, by Robert Stephenson was locomotive number 20 which that engineering works produced and was not a success and the company tried to sell it quite quickly. But nobody wanted it and it was retained. Later it was displayed just outside the city walls on the east side of the town, surrounded by iron railings. I spoke to a very old man who had been commissioned to paint it yearly. He painted it grey: but most people who remember it will remember it red, which it became from about 1950 onwards. Later it was taken off to Canterbury town museum, where it was beautifully restored but now you had to pay, but the museum closed in 2017 and the future home of the locomotive is uncertain. There was an idea to have a Museum for it and Stephenson at Whitsable, but that does not seem to have come to much. The Transport Trust owns it. It has a pair of drive wheels with similar sized none drive wheels in front and cylinders ar a 45 degree angle like the Rocket. This C&WR largely replaces the Great Stour, which had taken goods to Canterbury and was navigable up to Fordwich with access to the sea via the Wantsum. However following the silting of the Stour, is sea route closed, Fordwich died and remains a pretty little town but really a museum community set in aspic. So Canterbury had no heavy transport link. And the C&WR was probably decided upon when plans were drawn up for Telford to rebuild and improve Whitstable Harbour, which he did in 1832. The failure of the line was manyfold: The line was narrow and the tunnels too small. The inclines were too severe, which is another way of saying that the capital ploughed into the line was not sufficient for the cuttings and tunnels needed to make it viable. The line might have been, in part, a vanity project, and it seems that most of its construction and acquisition decisions were not made by sound engineers. The line runs 7 miles. Blean forest lies between the two towns and rises to 200 feet. It departed from Canterbury North Station and that southern incline was 1/46 where as 1/72 is considered enough for most efficient railways. Tyler Hill Tunnel was 870 ft long, but that was not at the Blean Summit, which is found further on at Clowes Wood. On the north side the line steps: descent, flat, descent flat. On this map at the Whitstable end, the spot heights give 75 feet at the bottom of the map and 73 ft at the top: so that might be considered the final flat level. Originally it was a single track railway with a passing loop at Clowes Wood near the summit. The South Eastern Railway took the line over in 1844; and so it remained until 1923 when it became the Southern raiolway, and then that became part of british railways in 1948. Even then the line used special cut down locomotives which could squeeze through Tyler Hill Tunnel. The four halts on the line were Blean, Tyler Hill, Tankerton and South Street, which must be that shown as a site on this map. The line closed in 1952 and so perhaps you cannot put that down to Beeching, it is a little early. Following that the track was lifted early. On this map, the Levelling date is prior to the closure but the revision date is 16 years after. The railway tunnel at Tyler Hill collapsed after the closure and caused great damage to University of Canterbury buildings which had been built above it. That alone shows that the engineering was poor, and the tunnel not of a sufficient and normal depth. They have had to fill up the tunnels with waste from Richborough Power station: a plant which itself is now demolished and lost to the kent landscape. Some people call this the “Crab and Winkle Line”- for no good reason and I don’t think locals ever used that name much. It is prissy and twee, like “ The Bluebell Railway”, which railway names should not be. Of this map, an historian wrote: “There is no trace of South Street Halt, although remains of the level crossing gates were visible until the early 1980s.” Here a small road is called the halt and the building south of that is called “Halt Stores”; also, obviously the crossing gates were present at the time of this map. CARTOGRAPHY The grid on this map is 100 metres and so the map is 500 metres west to east and 500 metres north to south : which shows the great focus here: the entire map surface show one quarter of a square kilometre. On this scale a 100 metres is 3 and 1/8 inches. Here is a National grid based on the false datum off the Scilly Isles. Which this map tells one is 612 km to the west. The datum for the National Grid is 49 degrees north and 8 degrees west. The False Datum establishes a grid in which all Great Britain is east or north of the point. There is one interesting exception: Rockall. Ireland is on a different Grid. This metric grid is really an army thing and evolved from the Cassini Grid on GSGS War office maps. Prior to that the False Datum was still used but yards were expressed. The projection is a Transverse Mercator for a standard Mercator distorts too much at this latitude and so a Transverse datum is established at a convenient point. The latitudinal datum for a standard Mercator is of course the Equator. The Transverse Mercator datum is not quite the same as the National Grid False Datum. I have found the Transverse Mercator datum cited only on one map and it was given as 49 degrees north and 2 degrees west: That is a latitude south of all land on the country and 2 degrees west is roughly the centre of the island of Great Britain. Mercator Projects are clever because although latitude distorts north and south of the datum, you can still draw and accurate compass bearing on them. The projection seeks to solve the essential problem of cartography: representing a globe or a part of a globe on a flat piece of paper. The Datum for sea level and altitude is established at Newlyn in Cornwall but prior to 1915-20 used to be at Liverpool. That is why relevelling dates are cited on this and all such maps. The new Newlyn Datum was established in 1915 but they measured the tide ever 15 minutes for 5 years before they established the Mean Sea Level Datum, and began using it in 1920. Triangulation of Whitstable here and all Britain spread out from the first base line established on Hounslow Heath by Capt. Roy in the 18th century. Whitstable was early in the Ordnance mapping of England which rolled out from the south east to the north west. OLDMAPSHOP: IS MY SOURCE ON-LINE FOR MAP & CARTOGRAPHIC HISTORY TITLE: KENT sheet TR 2165 SW DATES: 1950's from earlier surveys, levelled 1952- Revised 1968- printed 1969 PUBLISHER: Ordnance Survey of England and Wales EDITION: 50 Inches to the Mile planner map PRINTER: Ordnance Survey Office- Chessington PRINTING CODE:B PRINTING PROCESS: Lithography SCALE: 50 inch to the mile or 1:1250 GRID: 100 metre and 1 km grid and National Grid from the 00 datum of South East Cornwall . 3 1/8 inches equates to about 100 metres OVERALL DIMENSIONS: Roughly 23 inches by 19 inches. COVER DIMENSIONS: N/A Sheet COVER DETAIL:N/A Sheet COVER CONDITION: N/A Sheet MAP PAPER OR LINEN BACKED: Paper FOLD WEAR: minimal. EDGE NICKS: yes minor PIN HOLES AT FOLD JUNCTIONS: no VERSO: Plain Paper FOXING:minor REINFORCING: LAND TAX REGISTER HAS STRENGTHENED ALL EDGES WITH LINEN SURFACE MARKING: little FOLDED INTO: 8, AND SOME OLDER FOLDS ANNOTATION: Unusually stamped thrice by the land tax register: top left, margin left and bottom right- also annotation in pencil and ink or new engineering units and new house numbers on South Street. STAMPS SAY “KENT COUNTY COUNCIL LOCAL LAND CHARGES INDEX TO REGISTER” INTEREST: Considerable: old bed of the Canterbury and Whitstable Railway leaves the sea side town: unique annotation, remnants of the C&WT which are now lost. Town industry changes- printing and engineering seem to be the specialisms. GENERAL CONDITION: good, three stamps, old folds, plain verso, annotation, edges taped by land tax register and light marks on left margin, small scuff on map surface. THE NORTH WEST CORNER OF THIS MAP IS AT: Nos 16-18 The Halt (a road named after the old C&WR halt) THE NORTH EAST CORNER OF THIS MAP IS AT: Open drained marsh east of the South Street district THE SOUTH EAST CORNER OF THIS MAP IS AT: Brooklands Farm Whitstable THE SOUTH WEST OF THIS MAP IS AT: Open drained land west of the C&WR and South Street THE CENTRE OF THIS MAP IS AT: 120 South Street THE SOUTH WEST CORNER OF THIS MAP IS: 165 km NORTH OF NG 00 DATUM AND: 612 km EAST OF NG 00 DATUM (which is off South West Cornwall). xxxxxxxxxxxxx BUY HISTORIC MAPS, BUY MAPS AS PRESENTS, STUDY MAPS; SEARCH OLD MAPS; BUY LOCAL HISTORY MAPS; BUY MAPS OF YOUR REGION; YOUR PAST LANDSCAPE, THE HISTORICAL LANDSCAPE; MAPS OF YOUR REGION IN THE PAST; OLD MAPS; COLLECTABLE MAPS, RARE MAPS; UNIQUE MAP; VICTORIAN MAPS, GEORGIAN MAPS, COUNTY MAPS, RAILWAY MAPS, IMPORTANT MAPS; EDWARDIAN MAPS, 1920'S MAPS, 1930'S MAPS, 1940'S MAPS, 1950'S, MAPS, 1960'S MAPS, ORDNANCE SURVEY MAPS, BARTHOLOMEW'S MAPS, CRUCHLEY MAPS, GEORGE BACON MAPS, STANFORD MAPS, GALL AND INGLIS MAPS; MILITARY MAPS, WAR TIME MAPS, GSGS WAR OFFICE MAPS, ENGLISH MAPS, IRISH MAPS , SCOTTISH MAPS, WELSH MAPS, ANNOTATED MAPS, FOOTPATH MAPS, CYCLING MAPS, GEOLOGICAL MAPS, HYDROGRAPHIC MAPS, TRAVELLERS' MAPS. ANCIENT MAPS, EUROPEAN MAPS, MAPS AS GIFTS. Condition: COMPLETE ANNOTATED IN PENCIL AND INK, NEW ENGINEERING UNITS ADDED, HOUSES RENUMBERED AS OLD HOUSING IS REPLACED BY NEW HOMES IN SOUTH STREET; OLD CANTERBURY AND WHITSTABLE RAILWAY WITH SOME DETAILS NOW LOST: MAP EDGED BY LAND TAX REGISTER, SOME SURFACE MARKING ON WEST MARGIN, MONOCHROME AND BEST 50 INCH TO THE MILE SCALE- THREE FRANKED STAMPS OF THE LAND TAX REGISTER., County: KENT, Cartographer/Publisher: ODNANCE SURVEY OF ENGLAND AND WALES, Printing Technique: Lithography, Original/Reproduction: Vintage Original, Format: SHEET, MONOCHROME, 0" SCALE, PLAIN VERSO,ANNOTATED, Type: BEST 0 INCH TO MILE SCALE ORDNANCE LAND TAX PLAN, Year: 1952-1968-69, Date Range: 1952-1968-1969, City: WHITSTABLE, Country/Region: England, State: SOUTH EASTERN HOME COUNTIES ENGLAND, Era: POST WAR YEARS 190'S-1960'S, DETAILS:OLD CANTERBURY WHITSTABLE RAILWA: BEST 50" SCALE SOUTH STREET WHITSTABLE, POSTWAR INDUSTRY-LANDTAX PLAN WHITSTABLE: BEST DETAILS FOR HISTORIAN C&WR KENT

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