New Forest Hampshire:1920-27 Tourist Ordnance Map In Colour-Palmer Picture Cover

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Seller: chapelstile (4,219) 100%, Location: Redhill, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 352479545625 VINTAGE MAP- SOLD FOR £25 ONLY- NO AUCTION- NO POSTAGE FEE FOR 2ND CLASS UK. "A PERSPECTIVE ON BRITAIN: TRAVEL WITH AN ANTIQUE OR VINTAGE MAP" seller's code: 081020181 A RARE ORDNANCE MAP OF THE 1920’S WITH A COLOUR PRINTED PICTURE COVERBY ARTHUR PALMER THE TOURIST MAP OF THE NEW FOREST HAMPSHIRE Surveyed 1855-88 Published 1873-92 Revised 1803-04 and 1901-1903 Revised 1913 Published 1920 Corrected 1925- Printed here in 1927 (5000 copies only) GENERAL These 1920’s maps with picture covers in colour from the inter War years are now disappearing: I find and buy very few. This one has the full picture cover of the New Forest by Arthur Palmer. The map is old and used and on linen it is a rare, delicate piece which needs careful handling. It has wear on the folds and at the fold junctions. The map colours are muted and very fine. I am unlikely to find this edition again for even 91 years ago there were only 5000 of them. Please note the fold wear here. EXPECT WEAR LIKE YOUR MAPS PRISTINE AND WITHOUT WEAR?: THEN THIS IS NOT FOR YOU Here is one of the most interesting map series, always unusual and now rare. This tourist series has relief shading and topographical colour. The masters for the whole series (except for the Lake District map) were lost in a bombing raid on the Southampton Offices of the OS in the 2nd world War and so the Tourist maps of the post war era had to be remade. This is an edition from that lost series. The map is called the new Forest and interestingly there is a boundary shown in green. Now this region is a national park but of course in 1920-27 it was not and this Forest boundary must have been an ancient demarcation with which some Forest court and laws held sway: as was also the case in Ashdown Forest and the Forest of Dean. RAILWAYS Here in 1920-27 the railway runs down Southampton Water to Fawley which was to become famous for its Supermarine factory and sea plane base. This was a very late railway often missing from maps. At least this map shows that it was in place in 1925. It is gone now. All the railways of this map are Southern Railway, and had been since 1923. So they must have been renamed on the 1925 revision because they were probably LSWR on the map as published in 1920. there is a junction south of Brokenhurst where three lines fan out to Lymington, Bournemouth and Ringwood. If you look at a Bartholomew’s map of this region in c. 1900s, the railway tunnel to the isle of Wight (Lymington to Yarmouth) is marked. This project was abandoned. The OS never speculated on its map making which Bartholomew was prone to do. There is no Lymington Ferry marked on this map- which is quite odd for a Tourist map. THE FOREST The region was depopulated and enclose din early Norman times to make a Royal demesne and Forest. It was probably chosen because of its proximity to the important ports of Southampton and Bosham- at a time when the Norman Kings of England were probably more interested in their continental lands. Famously William Rufus was accidentally shot dead in the forest and his place of death is marked with the Rufus Stone in the north of the Forest. Much of the surrounding land was given to monastic houses. This original forest is seen has having a coast line south of Hythe and from Stone Point to Pylewell Point. The Forest does not enter the Avon flood plain and is entirely in Hampshire. It will be noted that in the 1920’s Bournemouth was also in Hampshire, but today all its lands west of Christchurch are in Dorset. THE AVON The Hampshire Avon is the river along which, it is said, the blue stones from Wales were transported to Stonehenge by raft. The great Sarcens came from Marlborough Downs and were rolled or dragged, not floated. The river is noted for Anchor Ice – a phenomenon in which ice forms on the floor of the river but not on its surface. The river which meets the Avon near Christchurch is the Stour with Wimbourne just off the map to the west. A spit has built up caused by long-shore drift and the mouth of the Avon is pushed east to Mudiford. It creeps east along Christchurch Bay. A second Avon is seen in the Forest, running down from Holmsley Ridge to the sea just east of Hurst Castle. Both names are Brithonic and partial- they must have been Afon **** (something) once. The Solent. The isle of Wight’s Hills are a continuation of the Purbeck Hills and the Western Solent broke through quite late. The original exist of the Solent river was eat via Spithead. Sea level rise or land sinkage has caused the island and continues today with the coast around the Lymington river retreating. On a neap tide an ancient forests may be seen in this western reach and stone tools testify to it having been dry land. The Beaulieu River is a Norman name and is named after the Abbey now occupied by the Montague family, where the Motor Museum now resides. It is a modern name, post 1066 name. The old name was the Ex- as can be seen at Exbury nearby. It is a ria now- broad and tidal due to land sinkage. A Roman port was near here but its site is probably now beneath the Solent. Hurst Castle stands on the western spit and this and Fort Victoria guard the narrows: but this a dangerous navigation anyway with many shallows and reefs. WOODLAND ON THIS MAP The forest is in three parts. The northern part is wooded and on the highest ground. Then comes an arc of more open heath which runs from the west round the south to Beaulieu Heath by Southampton Water. Then the littoral is flat, marshy and generally open but with woods to the south of Hythe. Lyndhurst lies in the centre in an open region between the two greater stands of woodland. It was curiously ignored by the railway with Lyndhurts Road station being 2 ½ miles to the north east and Beaulieu Road Station 3 miles to the south east. BOURNEMOUTH Bournemouth is seen on this map up to Branksome Chine. The town was built about five chines which have slowly disappeared under urban growth. In 1920-27 one sees the short branch line of the SR running to the central terminus and the main coat line looping north round the town. Here Pokesdown and Southbourne are still developing and the town does not completely connect with the outlying district of Winton or Moordown. Off west the railway runs to Poole. SOUTHAMPTON Southampton is still modest in size in 1920-27 and does not connect with Totton, Nursling, or Eastleigh. At Eastleigh one can see the major Railway engineering and locomotive works of the Southern Railway which had recently been the LSWR. The town which lies west of the main line , is clearly a planned community on a grid. Interesting inclusions on this map include Rolling Mills, Seaweed hut, Seaplane Station (by the town nor at Fawley. The ship building works – such as Vosper Thorneycroft are not names. There are Leather Mills up at Romsey and wood mills at South Stoneham. Hampshire is a contraction of “Southamptonshire” and the town might be a simple Saxon Ham-Tun, but might have the word “Hamps” in it: referring to a seasonal running stream or “summer dry stream”. THE ISLE OF WIGHT The only part seen is the north west corner but in that district the old railway to freshwater is still seen running and operated by the Southern Railway. It is now lost. Yarmouth is seen. There is another Yarmouth at the east end of the island and both take their names from rivers named after eagles. These must have been sea eagles. That particularly interesting abandoned port at Newtown is also on the map. This site was a mediaeval free port which died for some reason leaving extensive quays made entirely of clam shells and an old town hall. The waterway here has the interesting name “The Clamerkin Lake”- the derivation of which is not known to me. THE PEOPLEPrior to the Normans forced clearance and creation of the Forest this was one of the earliest places in England to be settled by Saxons in the 6th century. But the region was, according to Bede, settled by Jutes, as was the Isle of Wight and Kent: that is people from Jutland who may be synonymous with the Geats of Beowolf.In modern times the people of South Hampshire and the Isle of Wight are clan like and especially those of Southampton, Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight entertain a strong dislike of each other. The rivalry between Southampton and Portsmouth is probably founded on one being a Merchant Marine port and the other being a Royal Navy port. Mainlanders call Isle of Wight people "cork-heads" which is supposed to derive from an incident when a boat sank and all the islanders survived and all the mainlands drowned. In the 2nd War, after this map, the Isle of Wight was a restricted area and hosted the Free French Navy at Cowes. It is said that this instigated the island's garlic industry. The New Forest was also more or less a vast military camp and must also have been restricted. In its particular toponyms, the Isle of Wight is closer to Dorset than Hampshire: the geographic term "chine" is an example common to both places: that is: a wooded stream in a gully flowing directly into the sea. TOURISM On a Victorian map the term “tourist” is obvious: it means someone making a tour by cycle, or carriage- or perhaps by train- a circular perambulation. The modern sense is different: shipping oneself off to some tourist destination and staying there. But what was is in 1920-27?: I suggest it was the older meaning. This map was for cyclists and walkers undertaking a “tour”- a circular exploration. Roads do not cite the MOT or use their later road numbers. But the roads are divided into red and ochre: that is 1st class and minor. And minor roads are “ordinary, indifferent or bad”. THE COVER The cover illustration is in colour photo lithography and shows and open heath like landscape with copses and perhaps a distant sea. On it, horses or ponies graze in the middle distance. It is perhaps Beaulieu Heath looking south. The original was a watercolour by Arthur Palmer, who signs in the print. I do not know who he was but he may have been related to one or other of the famous Palmers: Samuel Palmer of Shorham fame had sons: Samuel died in 1881 so this man could have been a descendent of him. Sutton Palmer famously illustrated books on counties such as Surrey and Kent and was contemporary to this map. Perhaps Arthur was of that artistic family. The most famous cover artist of the Ordnance Survey was Ellis Martin and it is likely that Arthur Palmer was working under his editorship and direction. FASCINATING MAP FROM A FAMOUS SERIES THE MASTERS OF WHICH WERE LOST IN THE 2ND WORLD WAR The New Forest 1920-27 Used and with fold wear and wear at fold junctions: Perhaps the last chance to pick up this 1927 edition which was printed in a run of only 5000, 91 years ago MAP STATS: OLDMAPSHOP: IS MY SOURCE ONLINE FOR MAP & CARTOGRAPHIC HISTORY TITLE: NEW FOREST ORDNANCE SURVEY TOURIST MAP ONE INCH ONE MILE IN COLOUR DATES: 1920-1927 PUBLISHER: ORDNANCE SURVEY OF ENGLAND AND WALES EDITION: TOURIST ONE INCH MAPS OF THE LOST INTER WAR SERIES PRINTER: ORDNANCE SURVEY AT SOUTHAMPTON PRINTING CODE: 5000/27 PRINTING PROCESS: MAYBE STILL SOME ELECTROTYPE HERE RATHER THAN LITHOGRAPHY: CONTEMPORARY TO SERIES 4 WHICH STILL USED ELECTROTYPE ENGRAVING SCALE: 1mile to the inch GRID: 2 INCH GRID OVERALL DIMENSIONS: about 31 inches by 26 inches COVER DIMENSIONS: ABOUT 7 INCHES BY 4 INCHES COVER DETAIL: ARTHUR PALMER'S NEW FOREST WATERCOLOUR PRINTED AND SIGNED IN PRINT- GR ROYAL ARMS AND OTHER WRITING IN RED OR BLACK ON WHITE COVER CONDITION: GOOD, FLOATING MAP PAPER OR LINEN BACKED: ON LINEN FOLD WEAR: YES AN OLD RARE AND FIELD USED MAP HOLES AT FOLD JUNCTIONS: YES AN OLD FIELD USED MAP FROM THE 20’S WITH WEAR VERSO: PLAIN LINEN FOXING: MINOR REINFORCING: MINOR, edge of front cover SURFACE MARKING: MINOR FOLDED INTO: 32 ANNOTATION: MINOR IN PENCIL INTEREST: CONSIDERABLE: ONE OF A LOST SERIES, SMALL EDITION OF 1927- EVOCATIVE USING TOPOGRAPHIC, RELIEF AND CONTOUR: PERHAPS STILL PRE PHOTO LITHOGRAPHY WITH ENGRAVED TYPE LINES AND SHADING. BOURNEMOUTH AS IT WAS ABOUT THE END OF THE GREAT WAR AND THE FOREST WITH SOUTHAMPTON LIKEWISE GENERAL CONDITION: DELICATE- WITH WEAR: A RARE SURVIVOR- PROBABLY NOT TO TO BE FOUND AGAIN THE NORTH WEST OF THIS MAP IS AT: GRIMS DITCH AND WILTSHIRE BORDER THE NORTH EAST OF THIS MAP IS AT: OTTERBOURNE THE SOUTH EAST OF THIS MAP IS AT: PARK PLACE ON THE ISLE OF WIGHT THE SOUTH WEST OF THIS MAP IS AT: CANFORD CLIFFS BRANKSOME PARK BOURNEMOUTH THE CENTRE OF THIS MAP IS AT: ALDRIDGEHILL ENCLOSURE XXXXXXXXXX Condition: THIS IS A MAP FROM 1920-27 WITH FIELD WEAR ON FOLDS AND AT FOLD JUNCTIONS. IT IS CLEAN BUT DELICATE AND LINEN BACKED. HANDLE WITH CARE- ONE OF FEW OF THIS EDITION REMAINING: PROBABLY NOT TO BE FOUND AGAIN, FINE ILLUSTRATED COVER- BUT A WORN MAP- VERSO PLAIN LINEN, COVERS FLOAT, County: Hampshire, City: SOUTHAMPTON CHRISTCHURCH LYNDHURST BOURENEMOUTH, Era: JUST AFTER THE GREAT WAR, Type: 1920'S ORDNANCE TOURIST MAP 1" illustrated cover, Year: 1920-27 MUCH OLDER SURVEYS, Printing Technique: MAY BE STILL ELECTROTYPE- HATCH SHADING AND RELIEF, Date Range: 1873-93-1893-4-1901-3-1913-1920-25 &1927, Country/Region: England, State: SOUTH COAST ENGLAND - SOLENT REGION-CHANNEL COAST, Cartographer/Publisher: ORDNANCE SURVEY OF ENGLAND AND WALES, Format: SHET FOLDS, FLOATING COVERS, COLOUR 1" SCALE, Original/Reproduction: Vintage Original, RARE 1927 TOURIST MAP- MAY BE THE LAST: FINE MUTED ELECTROTYPE LIKE COLOUR, SOUTHAMPTON BOURNEMOUTH JUST AFTER WW1: NEW FOREST 1920-27 FOR AN HISTORIAN OF HAMPSHIRE

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