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Seller: tribalvirtu (925) 100%, Location: Mount Arlington, New Jersey, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 192165972182 Fine KULANGO Antique Cast Bronze Sculpture. This is a rare, museum quality authentic artifact (circa 1600-1700) . From the old private collection of the internationally celebrated artist and ardent Africanist.The item is about 3 1/4" High, in excellent antique condition. KULANGO CAST BRONZE FIGURE, IVORY COAST This statuette of striking modernity is inscribed in a corpus supremely special among Antique African small "bronzes". To the fluidity of forms - characteristic of Kulango art - is added the remarkable artistic creation of the representation. In addition to its essential dynamics, the body unfolds in a game of tension and perfectly controlled balance , the triangular face with the ophidian aspect stretched forward. See: Ricqlès (Paris, 1 July 2001, no. 606) for a very comparable Kulango bronze in the collection of Hubert Goldet. The Kulango originated in the northeastern part of Cote d'Ivoire near Bouna. They eventually occupied Bondoukou (south of Bouna) as well. Some have since moved across the border from Bondoukou into the central western regions of Ghana. The Kulango in Cote d'Ivoire are called Bouna Kulango and also as Bondoukou Kulango. The Kulango speak Kulango Bouna (or Nkurange), a Gur language from the Niger Congo language family. The Kulango are closely related to the Lobi, their former enemies. The two groups occupy the same region and share similar languages, customs, religious beliefs, and lifestyles. The Kulango live in a very hot region with only one annual rainy season. They sometimes suffer from dry spells, which makes farming quite difficult. While most of the Kulango continue living as farmers, many of the young people have migrated southward in search of work in the cities. The basic method of lost-wax casting has been widely practiced on the African continent for centuries. While it is difficult to establish how the method was developed or introduced to the region, it is clear that West African sculptors were casting brass with this method for several hundred years prior to the arrival of the first Portuguese explorers along the coast in 1484. The technique requires a great deal of skill, involving extensive knowledge of both pottery and metalworking, and a careful attention to changing temperatures to prevent unwanted cracking or other damage to either the clay mold or to the metal sculpture during the casting process. Some of the earliest and most accomplished bronze works found in Africa date to the tenth century and are from a site called Igbo-Ukwu. Africa has a history of art that is unmatched anywhere else in the world. The art forms found on the African continent are as diverse as the African people themselves. Numerous tribes and groups from all over the continent contributed to African art history with unique works of art. Despite this diversity, there are some prominent themes that appear in much of African art throughout history. These themes are: With few exceptions most early sub-Saharan African artworks did not survive to modern day due to the materials they were made out of. Artworks made of wood, leather, plant fibers, and other perishable materials eventually wore out. Archaeologists and historians are working at piecing together sub-Saharan African art history. Most of the continent is still unexplored archaeologically. It is hoped that new discoveries will help in this endeavor. For now there is only sparse information available. Some of the more important information and discoveries are explained below. Sao African Art History Archaeologist have discovered bronze pottery and ornaments made by the Sao people whose civilization flourished south of Lake Chad from the sixth century BC to the sixteenth century. Over fifteen thousand pottery finds from the early civilization have been made. Nok African Art History The oldest figurative sculptures discovered south of the Sahara were found in Nigeria and include sculptures of heads, figures, and animals. These works of art were made by a culture called the Nok people who thrived from 500 BC to approximately 200 AD. Ife African Art History Another ancient culture that lived in modern day Nigeria, called the Ife, made beautiful pieces of art. Their culture produced this art sometime prior to 1200 AD. Their art was more stylized than their Nok predecessors. Nine bronze sculptures produced by the Ife were found on the small island of Jebba along the Niger river Bronze African Art Found in Igbo-Ukwu Many bronze objects were unearthed in the village of Igbo-Ukwu in southeastern Nigeria which date back to the 10th century or earlier. Many of these objects were used in ceremonies and for a burial. Benin African Art History The kingdom of Benin existed in the South region of Nigeria from approximately 1440 AD to 1897 AD. These African people made beautiful artworks out of bronze, brass, clay, wood, and terracotta. Their art included figurines, animal heads, plaques, and busts. Owo African Art History The town of Owo in Nigeria was the capital of a Yoruba city-state from approximately 1400 AD to 1600 AD. Historians and archaeologist have discovered terracotta sculptures here, some dating back to the 15th century. Mali African Art History The Mali region , also called the inner Niger delta, has been populated for centuries. Numerous archaeological sites have been discovered that have yielded many pottery sculptures that were produced between the 12th and 16th century. Many of the pottery is human or animal figurines molded in clay. Due to the antique/vintage nature of our items, we encourage our buyers to carefully read the description and measurements of the item to avoid any disappointments ,there might be some slight imperfections, most likely they will show flaws consistent with ware, ages, and use which only add character and charm to the items. Each item is described and photographed as accurately as possible. If you have any question about any particular item, please contact me before you purchase, We are more than happy and willing to answer any questions you may have. International Buyers – Please Note: Import duties, taxes, and charges are not included in the item price or shipping cost. These charges are the buyer's responsibility. Please check with your country's customs office to determine what these additional costs will be prior to bidding or buying. Condition: Excellent Antique Condition, Color: Brown, Material: Bronze, Original/Reproduction: Original, Tribe: Kulango

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