Jewelry Excavated at Roman Fort Vindolanda Hadrian’s Wall England Rings Celtic

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Seller: ancientgifts (4,549) 100%, Location: Lummi Island, Washington, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 122327523590 Vindolanda (Celtic-Romano) Jewellery by Martin Henig. NOTE: We have 75,000 books in our library, almost 10,000 different titles. Odds are we have other copies of this same title in varying conditions, some less expensive, some better condition. We might also have different editions as well (some paperback, some hardcover, oftentimes international editions). If you don’t see what you want, please contact us and ask. We’re happy to send you a summary of the differing conditions and prices we may have for the same title. DESCRIPTION: Paperback. Publisher: Frank Graham (1975). Pages: 32. Size: 8½ x 5½ inches. Vindolanda is a Roman-era fort along Hadrian’s Wall in England. This is a catalog of the jewelry (and some other artifacts) which have been excavated at the site. See more about the history of Vindolanda below. Romano-British jewelry exhibits an amalgam of local (Celtic) and Mediterranean (Graeco-Roman) traditions. In order to understand the rich variety of finds from Vindolanda, we must bear in mind the vast disruption of life in Britain brought about by the absorption of new ideas and institutions and by the influx of a new and exotic element in the population, mainly from the long-established cities of the Western Roman Provinces (with a smaller admixture of traders and others from the East), as well as the conservatism of the local populace. It must be remembered that of all artifacts, those connected with adornment are the most personal and the most likely to be bequeathed from one generation to the next. Although fashions changed in the Roman period, frequently with such bewildering rapidity that individual brooches are often quite closely datable, these developments seldom disguise what went before. Through jewelry, in the forms of finger rings, penannular brooches and belt buckles, we can readily discern continuity from prehistory to the late Roman period and into the time of the Dark Age Kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxons and Celts. CONDITION: LIKE NEW. Unread but mildly shelfworn oversized softcover. Frank Graham (1975) 32 pages. From the outside the covers evidence very faint edge and corner shelfwear, as well as very faint rubbing, consistent with what one would reasonable expect of a paperback which spent four decades on a book shelf and in storage. The only blemish to the covers is that on the back cover, at the bottom, centered, is a pre-printed price of "60p". It was crossed out, in pencil, and the bookseller wrote "50p". Although partly erased, one can nonetheless still see the penciled notation. The book is otherwise without blemish. Inside the pages are pristine; clean, crisp, unmarked, unmutilated, tightly bound, clearly unread (though it is always possible the book may have been flipped through once or twice while on the bookseller's bookshelf). Condition is entirely consistent with new stock from an open-shelf bookstore environment (such as Barnes & Noble or B. Dalton, for example), wherein otherwise new books might show minor signs of shelfwear, consequence of simply being shelved and re-shelved. Satisfaction unconditionally guaranteed. In stock, ready to ship. No disappointments, no excuses. PROMPT SHIPPING! HEAVILY PADDED, DAMAGE-FREE PACKAGING! #7708b. PLEASE SEE DESCRIPTIONS AND IMAGES BELOW FOR DETAILED REVIEWS AND FOR PAGES OF PICTURES FROM INSIDE OF BOOK. PLEASE SEE PUBLISHER, PROFESSIONAL, AND READER REVIEWS BELOW. PUBLISHER REVIEWS: REVIEW: Vindolanda is a Roman auxiliary fort (a "castrum" to the Romans) just south of Hadrian's Wall in northern England. Located near the modern village of Bardon Mill, it guarded the Stanegate, the Roman road from the River Tyne to the Solway Firth. It is noted for the Vindolanda tablets, among the most important finds of military and private correspondence (written on wooden tablets) found anywhere in the Roman Empire. The fort was garrisoned by auxiliary infantry or cavalry units, not components of Roman legions. From the early third century AD onwards, this was the Fourth Cohort of Gauls. It had been presumed that this title was by this time purely nominal, with auxiliary troops being recruited locally, but an inscription found in a recent season of excavations suggests that native Gauls were still to be found in the regiment and that they liked to distinguish themselves from British soldiers. The inscription reads, "CIVES GALLI DE GALLIAE CONCORDES QUE BRITANNI"...a loose translation is "the troops from Gaul dedicate this statue to the goddess Gallia with the full support of the British-born troops". The earliest Roman forts at Vindolanda were built of wood and turf. The remains are now buried as much as 4 metres deep in the waterlogged soil. There are 5 timber forts, built (and demolished) one after the other. The first, a small fort was probably built by the 1st Cohort of Tungrians about AD 85. By about AD 95 this was replaced by a larger wooden fort built by the 9th Cohort of Batavians, a mixed infantry-cavalry unit of about 1000 men. That fort was repaired in about AD 100 under the command of the Roman prefect Flavius Cerialis. When the 9th Cohort of Batavians left in AD 105, their fort was demolished. The 1st Cohort of Tungrians came back to Vindolanda, built a larger wooden fort, and remained here until Hadrian's Wall was built around AD 122, when they moved, most likely to Vercovicium present-day (Housesteads). Soon after Hadrian's Wall was built, most of its men were moved north to the Antonine Wall. A stone fort was built at Vindolanda, possibly for the 2nd Cohort of Nervians. From AD 208 to 211, there was a major rebellion against Rome in Britain, and the Emperor Septimius Severus led an army to Britain to cope with it personally. The old stone fort was demolished, and replaced by an unconventional set of army buildings on the west, and an unusual array of many round stone huts where the old fort had been: some of these circular huts are visible by the north and the southwest walls of the final stone fort. The Roman army may have built these to accommodate families of British farmers in this unsettled period. Septimius Severus died at York in AD 211; his sons paid off the rebels and left for Rome. The stone buildings were demolished, and a large new stone fort was built where the huts had been, for the 4th Cohort of Gauls. A self-governing village developed to the west of the fort. A stone altar found in 1914 proves that the settlement was named Vindolanda. To the south of the fort is a large Roman bath.The Roman baths were used by many. The later stone fort, and the adjoining village, remained in use until about AD 285, when it was largely abandoned. About AD 300 the fort was again rebuilt, but the village was not reoccupied, so most likely the area remained too unsafe for life outside the defended walls of the fort. In about 370 AD the fort was roughly repaired, perhaps by irregular soldiers. There is no evidence for the traditional view that Roman occupation ended suddenly in AD 410; contemporary evidence is that it declined slowly, perhaps for several centuries. In the 1930s, the house at Chesterholm where the museum is now located was purchased by archaeologist Eric Birley, who was interested in excavating the site. The excavations have been continued by his sons, Robin and Anthony, and his grandson, Andrew Birley, into the present day. They are undertaken each summer, and some of the archaeological deposits reach depths of six meters. The anoxic conditions at these depths have preserved thousands of artifacts, such as wooden writing tablets, thus providing an opportunity to gain a fuller understanding of Roman life, military and otherwise, on the northern frontier. A spectacular find in 2006 was the richly detailed bronze and silver brooch (fibula) modelled with the figure of Mars, on which Quintus Sollonius, a Gaul to judge by his name, had carefully punched his name before he lost it in the early second century; nothing comparably fine has been recovered along the Wall. In 2010, the remains of what is thought to be a girl between the ages of 8 and 10 years old, with her hands tied, were uncovered in a shallow pit in what was the barrack room. She is believed to have been murdered about 1,800 years ago. Along with ongoing excavations (in season) and excavated remains, a full size replica of a section of Hadrian's Wall in both stone and timber can be seen on the site. The Vindolanda site museum, also known as Chesterholm Museum, conserves and displays finds from the site. The museum includes full-sized reconstructions of a Roman temple, a Roman shop, Roman house and Northumbrian croft, all with audio presentations. Exhibits include Roman boots, shoes, armour, jewelry and coins, infra-red photographs of the writing tablets and, from 2011, a small selection of the tablets themselves, on loan from the British Museum. REVIEW: Martin Henig is a Visiting Professor at the Institute of Archaeology, University College, London and a former Fellow of Wolfson College, Oxford. He is currently engaged with friends in completing a definitive catalogue of all the Roman sculpture from London and south-eastern England as well as a major catalogue of Roman cameos. He is the author of standard works on Roman art and religion in Britain. From 1985 to 2007 he was Honorary Editor of the British Archaeological Association. His wide interests are reflected in the contents of the Festschrift presented to him on his 65th birthday, Pagans and Christians - from Antiquity to the Middle Ages (Oxford 2007) . Recently ordained, he is now serving as a deacon in the West Oxford benefice which includes the early ecclesiastical site of Binsey, which is the subject of a collection of essays of which he is co-editor, also published by Amberley. READER REVIEWS: REVIEW: Outstanding little brochure documenting the significant finds of Roman-Celtic jewelry at Vindolanda. I always ship books Media Mail in a padded mailer. This book is shipped FOR FREE via USPS INSURED media mail (“book rate”). All domestic shipments and most international shipments will include free USPS Delivery Confirmation (you might be able to update the status of your shipment on-line at the USPS Web Site) and free insurance coverage. A small percentage of international shipments may require an additional fee for tracking and/or delivery confirmation. If you are concerned about a little wear and tear to the book in transit, I would suggest a boxed shipment - it is an extra $1.00. Whether via padded mailer or box, we will give discounts for multiple purchases. International orders are welcome, but shipping costs are substantially higher. Most international orders cost an additional $12.99 to $33.99 for an insuredshipment in a heavily padded mailer, and typically includes some form of rudimentary tracking and/or delivery confirmation (though for some countries, this is only available at additional cost). There is also a discount program which can cut postage costs by 50% to 75% if you’re buying about half-a-dozen books or more (5 kilos+). Rates and available services vary a bit from country to country. You can email or message me for a shipping cost quote, but I assure you they are as reasonable as USPS rates allow, and if it turns out the rate is too high for your pocketbook, we will cancel the sale at your request. ADDITIONAL PURCHASES do receive a VERY LARGE discount, typically about $5 per book (for each additional book after the first) so as to reward you for the economies of combined shipping/insurance costs. Your purchase will ordinarily be shipped within 48 hours of payment. We package as well as anyone in the business, with lots of protective padding and containers. All of our shipments are sent via insured mail so as to comply with PayPal requirements. We do NOT recommend uninsured shipments, and expressly disclaim any responsibility for the loss of an uninsured shipment. Unfortunately the contents of parcels are easily “lost” or misdelivered by postal employees – even in the USA. That’s why all of our domestic shipments (and most international) shipments include a USPS delivery confirmation tag; or are trackable or traceable, and all shipments (international and domestic) are insured. We do offer U.S. Postal Service Priority Mail, Registered Mail, and Express Mail for both international and domestic shipments, as well United Parcel Service (UPS) and Federal Express (Fed-Ex). Please ask for a rate quotation. We will accept whatever payment method you are most comfortable with. If upon receipt of the item you are disappointed for any reason whatever, I offer a no questions asked return policy. Send it back, I will give you a complete refund of the purchase price (less our original shipping costs). Most of the items I offer come from the collection of a family friend who was active in the field of Archaeology for over forty years. However many of the items also come from purchases I make in Eastern Europe, India, and from the Levant (Eastern Mediterranean/Near East) from various institutions and dealers. Though I have always had an interest in archaeology, my own academic background was in sociology and cultural anthropology. After my retirement however, I found myself drawn to archaeology as well. Aside from my own personal collection, I have made extensive and frequent additions of my own via purchases on Ebay (of course), as well as many purchases from both dealers and institutions throughout the world - but especially in the Near East and in Eastern Europe. I spend over half of my year out of the United States, and have spent much of my life either in India or Eastern Europe. In fact much of what we generate on Yahoo, Amazon and Ebay goes to support The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, as well as some other worthy institutions in Europe connected with Anthropology and Archaeology. I acquire some small but interesting collections overseas from time-to-time, and have as well some duplicate items within my own collection which I occasionally decide to part with. Though I have a collection of ancient coins numbering in the tens of thousands, my primary interest is in ancient jewelry. My wife also is an active participant in the "business" of antique and ancient jewelry, and is from Russia. I would be happy to provide you with a certificate/guarantee of authenticity for any item you purchase from me. There is a $2 fee for mailing under separate cover. Whenever I am overseas I have made arrangements for purchases to be shipped out via domestic mail. If I am in the field, you may have to wait for a week or two for a COA to arrive via international air mail. But you can be sure your purchase will arrive properly packaged and promptly - even if I am absent. And when I am in a remote field location with merely a notebook computer, at times I am not able to access my email for a day or two, so be patient, I will always respond to every email. Please see our "ADDITIONAL TERMS OF SALE." TRANSLATE Arabic Chinese French German Greek Indonesian Italian Hindi Japanese Korean Swedish Portuguese Russian Spanish Condition: This is a catalog of the jewelry (and some other artifacts) which have been excavated at the site., Provenance: Roman, Material: Paper

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