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Item:253563138398Beautiful typical shaped bi-face Neanderthal tool. Made from multi coloured dark red purple to orange Jasper. Sharp retouched edges. These artefacts are normally named hand-axe but are used as multi tools. You might consider them as the Swiss pocket knives of the Prehistory. Mid-Palaeolitic, Mousterian MTA, the Moustérian de tradition Acheuléenne 80,000 - 40,000 years ago.Size:7x7x3 cm Fontmaure Fontmaure is one of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world. The tools are made by Neanderthals. The beautiful tools are made from Jasper which was found in places. Location is in central France, north of Châtellerault in the department Haute Loire. Neanderthals Neanderthals are our closest extinct human relative. Some defining features of their skulls include the large middle part of the face, angled cheek bones, and a huge nose for humidifying and warming cold, dry air. Their bodies were shorter and stockier than ours, another adaptation to living in cold environments. But their brains were just as large as ours and often larger - proportional to their brawnier bodies. Neanderthals made and used a diverse set of sophisticated tools, controlled fire, lived in shelters, made and wore clothing, were skilled hunters of large animals and also ate plant foods, and occasionally made symbolic or ornamental objects. There is evidence that Neanderthals deliberately buried their dead and occasionally even marked their graves with offerings, such as flowers. No other primates, and no earlier human species, had ever practiced this sophisticated and symbolic behavior. Mousterian Mousterian industry, tool culture traditionally associated with Neanderthal man in Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa during the early Fourth (Würm) Glacial Period (c. 40,000 bc). The Mousterian tool assemblage shows flaking techniques in common with the Clactonian, as well as the frequent practice in some assemblages of the Levallois flaking technique. Tools included small hand axes made from disk-shaped cores; flake tools, such as well-made sidescrapers and triangular points, probably used as knives; denticulate (toothed) instruments produced by making notches in a flake, perhaps used as saws or shaft straighteners; and round limestone balls, believed to have served as bolas (weapons of a type used today in South America, consisting of three balls on the end of a thong, which is hurled at an animal, wraps itself around its legs, and trips it). Wooden spears were used to hunt large game such as mammoth and wooly rhinoceros. Mousterian “tool kits” often have quite different contents from site to site. Some investigators explain this by suggesting that different groups of Neanderthal men had varying toolmaking traditions; other workers believe the tool kits were used by the same peoples to perform different functions (e.g., hunting, butchering, food preparation). Mousterian implements disappeared abruptly from Europe with the passing of Neanderthal man. Provenance: These beautiful artifacts are coming from an old Dutch collection and are found back in the 60’s. The Fontmaure location is currently strictly restricted and collecting is forbidden. Good artefacts are getting more rare by the year. Shipment:Items will be shipped from the Netherlands with registered mail.You can combine items up to 1.5 kilos.Material: Jasper
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Jasper Mousterian Bi-face hand-axe Fontmaure Neanderthal multi collour 7x7x3 cm