IRELAND IRISH HISTORY Antique 1871 War Kings Castles Pagan Catholic Protestant

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Seller: neetmok (6,013) 100%, Location: South Salem, New York, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 153609167028 Note: Many of my clients are scholars and historians seeking specific information related to their research. For their convenience I include the following details directly from this book: Subject Matter Featured/Illustrated in this Work (General/Partial Only, Please See Full Contents in Main Description Below): History of Ireland Irish Antique Antiquarian Illustrated Engravings Rebellion Great Britain British English Firbolgs Tuatha de Danann Lugh Lamhfhada Pagda Mor Lia Fail Stone of Destiny Ogma Occult Writing Milesian Colony Milesius Cruithnians Picts Venerable Bede Ancient Irish Annals Clonmacnoise Pagan Paganism Kings Ugony Maeve Maude Queen Connaught Ulster Bardic Romance Conn Owen Eugene the Great Dalriads Irish Legion Civilization Religion Clans Primitive Races Celts Metal Bronze Swords Gold Ornaments Stone Forts Agriculture Religion Tara St. Patrick Christianity Christian Meath Leinster Munster Crom-Cruach Armagh Scottish Kingdom Scotland Irish Saints Aran Iona St. Brigid House of Kildare Bran Dubh Battle of Magh Rath Finnachta Fleadhach St. Columbanus St. Cuthbert Fridolin Donatus Christian Antiquities Round Tower of Ireland Holy Wells Vikings Northmen Waterford Limerick Brian Borumha Bora Battle of Clontarf Monks Middle Ages St. Malachy Earl Strongbow Wexford Roderic Eva Dublin Cashel Meath Massacre Slane O'Conor Athlone Hugh de Lacy English Castles Feuds De Burghs Geraldines Chieftains Murders Battle of Athenry Siege of Carrickfergus Robert Bruce Castleknock Scots Limerick Famine Black Death Plague Tyrone Privateering The Pale War Military Fire-arms Kildare Drogheda Battle of Knocktow Silken Thomas O'Brien's Bridge Battle of Belahoe Reformation Clonmacnoise Queen Mary Shane O'Neill Elizabeth Irish Church Thomond Derry Munster Clannaboy Massacre of Mullaghmast Smerwick* Carrigafoyle Castle Wicklow Glenmalure Fort Del Ore Kildimo Spanish Armada Shipwrecks Dublin Castle Hugh O'Neill Fermanagh Enniskillen Blackwater Fort Sligo Leinster Insurgency Yellow Ford Red Hugh O'Donnell Donegal Kinsale Punboy Castle Anglo-Irish Catholics Galway Ormond Island Magee Hill of Crofty Battle of Kilrush Charles I Cromwell Royalists Restoration Irish Cattle James II King James St. Ruth Atlilone Battle of Aughrim Treaty of Limerick Woollen Manufacture Scottish Rebellion Orange Society of United Irishmen Scullabogue Battle of Arklow Vinegar Hill Tipperary Roman Catholic Protestants Outrages Whiteboys Famine Catholic Rent Thomas Moore "Irish Melodies" Queen Victoria Fenian Brotherhood THE HISTORY OF IRELAND, From the Earliest Period to the Present Time. By Martin Haverty. Published in 1871. 10” x 7.5” cloth hardcover, 3 inches thick, decorated in black and gilt. Illustrated with steel engravings. Has a green ribbon bookmark attached. 838 pages. Condition: GOOD ANTIQUE CONDITION. Rebound in green buckram with original front board decoration laid on. Firmly bound. Text is clean and complete; some foxing, toning, etc. No torn or loose pages. Frontispiece and title page are absent, book opens to Preface page. I have sold this title for $300-$400 on eBay in the past. Description: Ireland has a storied and tumultuous past, a history so heroic and grand it could only fit into an oversized, lavishly illustrated volume such as this. Martin Haverty’s HISTORY OF IRELAND is a chronicle of Ireland from its earliest beginnings through the nationalist uprisings of the late 19th century. A sprawling, sweeping history alive with pagans and priests, kings and conquerors, reformers and revolutionaries. It is a complete account of this beautiful but troubled land through the ages. This book is a must-have for any true son or daughter of Erin. Historians and genealogists will revel in the combination of useful historical information and antique illustrations. From the handsome, gilt-decorated binding to the goldmine of information and images inside, this book is sure to delight the lucky winner. In order to give you the most accurate description of this rare old volume, I have provided some helpful details below, starting with a thorough chapter-by-chapter summary. Further down the page, you can see some of the beautiful illustrations from the book. I hope you’ll take a few moments to have a look. CONTENTS ARE: CHAPTER ONE: The first inhabitants of Ireland * Whence they came * Supposed date, about B. C. 2500 * Colony of Parthaion * Whole colony perished in a pestilence, about B. C. 2300 * Ireland a waste for thirty years * Colony of Nemedius * Occupied Ireland about two hundred years * Great Pestilence * The Fomorian pirates * Who were the Fomorians? * Wanderings of Nemedians * The Firbolgs arrive from Greece * Theory as to the origin of the Firbolgs and Damnonians* New Invaders* 'The Tuatha de Dananns * Conquer the Firbolgs * Nuad of the "Silver Hand" * Killed in battle by Balor of the "Mighty Blows" * Another version of the Tuatha de Dananns' invasion * Lugh Lamhfhada reigns forty years * Public games and fair * Pagda Mor next king * Reigned eighty years * Other kings of this race * Bardic annals * The Lia Fail, or Stone of Destiny * Its final resting-place * Ogma, inventor of occult writing * Orbsen, or Manauan, and Maclir * Note from Doctor O'Donovan, O'Flaherty, etc CHAPTER TWO: The Milesian Colony * Opinions of modern writers respecting * The Duan Eireannach, or Poem of Ireland * Wanderings of the Gadelians under Niul, son of Fenius, from Scythia into Egypt, etc. * Adventures of Sru, son of Esru * Reaches Spain * Founds a city called Brigantia * Voyage of his son Ith to Ireland * Ith's death * Expedition of the sons of Miledh or Milesius * Size and force of the expedition * Date of their arrival in Ireland * Contests with the Tuatha de Dananns * Battle of Teltown in Meath * Division of Ireland by Heremon * His wife, Tea Heremon, reigns fifteen years * Visit of the Cruithnians, or Picts, to Ireland, at this date * Venerable Bede's account of their origin * The traditions of very little value CHAPTER THREE: Questions as to the credit of the Ancient Irish Annals * Tighernach of Clonmacnoise's statements * How far doubts ought really to exist * The main facts reliable * Defective and improbable Chronology * Difficult to credit it * The test of Science applied * Good results * Theories on the Ancient Inhabitants of Ireland - Where did they come from? * Authorities referred to * Intellectual qualities of the Firbolgs and Tuatha de Dananns * Superiority of the latter * Movements of various sorts of the Tuatha de Dananns * Workers in mines, builders of tumuli, etc * Keltic origin doubtful * O'Flaherty 's Ogygia quoted * A Scytliian origin claimed in the Irish traditions CHAPTER FOUR: The Milesian sovereigns of Ireland, one hundred and eighteen in number * Characteristics of their reigns * Irial or Faidh the prophet * Struggles with the Firbolg tribes * Tiernmas, B. C. 1020 * Idol worship* The Crom-Cruach in MaghSlecht * Paganism of tho Ancient Irish * Death of Tiernmas * Marks of his reign * Social progress and civilization * The Feis Teavrach or Triennial Parliament of Tara * Instituted about B. C. 1300 * Members of this assembly or parliament, its meetings, etc. * Long reigns of Irish kings * Cimbaeth B. C. 710, and his two brothers* Queen Macha * Curious story * Foundation of Emania palace * Ugony the Great * New division of Ireland * Famous pagan oath * Ugony's death * Cattle murrain, B. C. 200 * Eochy, or Achy, re-divides the country* Maeve or Maude, queen of Connaught * Romantic history* Wars of Connaught and Ulster * Bardic romance * Origin of some of the worst ills of Ireland CHAPTER FIVE: Pagan kings of Ireland, continued * Creevan Nianair * Incursions into Britain * Rich spoils obtained * Projected Roman invasion of Ireland * Hard lot of the plebeian races * Revolt determined on * The Attacotti or Aitheach-Tuatha massacre of Milesian nobles * Carbry, the Cat-Headed, elected king * His son Morann's course * New troubles * 'I'uathal Teachtar, the legitimate * His proceedings * Felimy Rechtar. or the Law-Maker * Conn of the Hundred Battles * Wars of Conn and Owen or Eugene the Great * New division of Ireland* The battle of Magh Leana* Defeat and death of Eugene * Conary the Second * The three Carbrys * The Dalriads ; first Irish settlement in Alba -or Scotland * Oiliol Olum, king of Munster * Outbreak of Lewy, surnamed MacCon * The famous Irish Legion* Glorious reign of Cormac MacArt * Efforts in behalf of civili- zation * Loses an eye, and abdicates * Carbry Liffechar * Bloody battle of Gavra, A. D. 284 * Finn MacCuaill and the Fenian Militia * Macpherson's literary forgeries * The three Collas * Destruction of Emania palace * Domestic tragedy * Niall of the Nine Hostages * Inroads of the Scots or Irish into Britain * Dathy and his exploits * Patrick, son of Calphum, brought to Ireland as a captive from Gaul * Blessed fruits CHAPTER SIX: Civilization of the pagan Irish * Its extent and value * Their knowledge of letters* Superior advancement and preparation for Christianity * St. Patrick said to have given " alphabets" to some of his converts * The Ogham Craev, or secret virgular writing * Religion of the pagan Irish, difficult to determine * Numerous theories * The Brehnn Laws * The Tanaisteaclit or Tanistry, the Law of Succession * Its provisions * Gavailkinne or Gavel kind, law in regard to Inheritance and Division of property * Tenure of land, a tribe or family right * Rights of clanship * Reciprocal privileges of the Irish kings * The law of Eric or Mulct * Hereditary offices * Fosterage * Its obligations and sanctity CHAPTER SEVEN: Social and intellectual state of the pagan Irish, continued * Weapons and implements of flint and stone * Celts or stone dishes * Working in metals * Bronze swords, gold ornaments, etc. * Pursuits of the Primitive Races * Agriculture, extensively carried on * Houses of the Ancient Irish * Materials of building * Raths or earthen inclosures * Cahirs or stone inclosures and forts * Cranoques or stockaded islands in a lake * Canoes and Curachs * Sepulchral monuments* Extensive in number and size * Cromlechs, what they were * Games and amusements * Music, its touching character * Ornaments, evidence of luxury, etc. * Ce4ebrated pagan legislators and poets * The Bearla Feine, etc* Language of Ancient Ireland * Value and importance of its study, etc CHAPTER EIGHT: Christianity in Ireland before St. Patrick's days * Traditions * Pelagius and Celestius * St. Palladius sent by Pope Celestine * Doubts as to St. Patrick's birth-place * His parentage * His captivity * His escape * His vision * His studies * His consecration * How Christianity was received in Ireland * Date of St. Patrick's arrival * First conversions * Unique glory * Visits Tara * Interviews with King Laoghaire* Description of the scene * Invocation Hymn * Effects produced * Visits Tailtin, where the games were celebrated * Stays a week * St. Patrick's journeys in Meath, Connaught, Ulster, Leinster, and Munster * Many years thus occupied * Destruction of Crom-Cruach and other idols* St, Secundinus or Sechnail* St. Ficch* King Aengus* Caroticus, British prince and pirate * Foundation of the See of Armagh* Death of St. Patrick* Length of his life and labors CHAPTER NINE: Civil History of Ireland during St. Patrick's life* The Seanchus Mor, or Great Book of Laws, A. D. 438 * King Laeghaire's oath and death * Reign of Oilio Molt, son of Datlii, A. D. 459 * Branches and greatness of the Hy-Niall race * Reign of Lugaidh or Lewy * Foundation of the Scottish kingdom in North Britain * Falsification of the Scottish Annals by Macpherson and others * Progress of Christianity and absence of persecution* The first Order of Irisli saints * Great Ecclesiastical schools * Aran of the saints, or lona of Ireland * St. Brigid * Her high origin, great labors, success, humility, etc * Great House of Kildare, or Church of the Oak * Death of St. Brigid, A. D. 525 * Monastic tendency of the Primitive Church * Muircheartach MacEarca, the first Chriiitian king of Ireland, A. D. 504 * Succeeded by Tuathal Maelgarbh, grandson of Cairbre, persecutor of St. Patrick, A. D. 538 CHAPTER TEN: First visitation of the Buidhe Chonnaill, or Great Pestilence, A. D. 543 * Terrible effects of this plague * Reign of Diannaid, son of Kerval * His character and reign * Tara cursed and deserted * Reasons why * Account of St. Columbkille's education, learning, sanctity, miracles, etc. * Anoints Aidan, king of Scots * Animosity of King Diarmaid towards St. Columbkille * Origin of his ill-feeling * Battle of Cuil-Dremni, or Cooldrevny * Death of Diarmaid, A. D. 565 * Reign of Hugh, son of Ainmire * Foundation of lona, through St. Columbkille's influence * The Great Convention of Drumceat, or meeting of the States, A. D. 573 * Battle of Dunbolg * Curious stratagem * Hugh .\inmire killed by Bran Dubh, king of Leinster * Deaths of Saints * Per. petual feuds of the northern and southern Hy-Nialls* Great Battle of Magh Rath or Moyra * Congal and his foreign helpers defeated, A. D. 634 * Second visitation of the Buidhe Chonnaill * Continued ten years, and swept away two-thirds of the people * Finnachta Fleadhach, the Hospitable, A. D. 673 * Remits to Leinster the Borumean tribute * Egfrid, the Saxon, invades Ireland * Bede's account quoted * St. Adamnan's pious labors CHAPTER ELEVEN: The Primitive Church in Ireland * Its monastic schools and communities celebrated * Vast numbers of monks, anchorites, etc. * Missionary character of the Irish church * St. Columbanus, father of foreign missions * His life and labors * Preaches in Gaul, A. D. 590 * Enmity of Theodoric and Brunehault, his queen dowager * Columbanus founds great monastery at Bovium or Bobbio, A. D. 613 * Letter to Pope Boniface * Its tone, etc.* Death at Bobbio, A. D. 615, aged 72 * St. Gallus, or Gall* Death, A. D. 645 * The Aidan and the church of Lindisfarne * St. Colnian * The Paschal or Easter Controversy * National prejudices of the Irish * Sectarian misrepresentation as to St. Patrick's preaching * Synod of Old Leighlin * Saint Cummian * Letter to the Synod, A. D. G30 * The famous Conference at Whitby * St. Colman and Island of Innisbofin * St. Adamnan * Visits the court of Alfred the Great * Doherty’s description * "The Law of the Innocents," or the law not to kill women * Cause which led to passing the law * St. Adamnan's death, A. D. 704 * Irish saints on the Continent * The Frigidian, St. Molua, St. Degan, St. Livinus, St. Fiacre, St. Fursey, St. Dicuil, St. Kilian * St. Cathaldus, patron of Tarentum * His brother, St. Donatus * St. Cuthbert, bishop of Lindisfarne, died A. D. 687* St. Maccuthenus * St. Sedulius, the Younger* At Rome, A. D. 721 * St. Virgilius * Saints Foiian and Ullan * St. Fridolin, the Traveller * Clemens and Albinus * Dongal * St. Donatus * Irish missions to Ireland * John Scotus Erigena * His character CHAPTER TWELVE: Christian Antiquities of Ireland * Testimonies on the subject of Ireland's pre-eminence for sanctity and learning * Authorities given* The Culdees, who were they? * Professor Curry's note quoted* The Cele De or Colidei * Hereditary transmission of church offices * Lay bishops, abbots, priors, etc. * Comhorbas or successors * Herenachs or Wardens * Tarmon lands of the monasteries * Doctrines, practices, etc., of the Irish church in accord with that of Rome * Peculiarities in discipline * Materials used in building churches * Damliags or stone churches * Duirachs or oratories * Cyclopean masonry * The Round Tower of Ireland * Remarkable Structures * Beds of saints. Holy Wells and Penitential Stations CHAPTER THIRTEEN: Character of Irish History in the seventh and eighth centuries* Internal wars and feuds * Piety of some Irish kings* Renewed wars for the Leinster Tribute * Terrible and bloody battles * Rumann, called the Virgil of Ireland * Death, A. D. 747 * Foundation of monastery of Tallaght, near Dublin, A. D. 760, by St. Maelruain* St. Aengus the '"uldac* St. Colgu and Alcuin* Early Irish Prayer Book* Signs and prodigies at this period * The Lavchomart or " clapping of hands" for fear and terror * The Lamhchomart or fire from Heaven * First appearance of the Danish pirates * Character of these sea-rovers * Their barbarism and Inhumanity * Their plunderings and desecration * Heroic resistance of the Irisli * Turgesius goes to Ireland, A. D. 815 * Domestic wars * Felim, king of Cashel * Plunderer and robber * Died, A. D. 845 * Malachy I., king of Meath * Kills Turgesius* Massacre of the Danes * Retaliation of the Northmen, A. D. 851 * Danish settlements in Waterford and Limerick * Irish allies of the Danes * Hugh Finnliath * Battle of Lough Foyle* Cormac MacCuilenran, king and archbishop of Cashel, A. D. 896 * Curious history * Niall Glundubh * Succeeds Flann, A. D. 914 * Muirkertaeh, son of Niall, succeeds his father * Callaghan of Cashel, king of Munster * Muirkertach's Circuit of Ireland- Killed, A. D. 941 at Ardee * Danish power in Ireland CHAPTER FOURTEEN: Sequel of the Danish wars * Limits of the Danish power in Ireland * Hiberno-Danish alliances * Danish expeditions from Ireland into England, A. D. 916, 925, 937 * Conversion of the Danes to Christianity * Consecration of Dano-Irish bishops * Subdivision of territory in Ireland* Injurious effects* Alternate succession * Progress and pretensions of the kingdom of Munster * Brian Borumha or Bora* Treacherous murder of his brother Mahon at a banquet * Brian avenges his death* Accession of Malachy II., the Great, A. D. 979 * His victories over the Danes * Intestine wars * Feuds between Brian and Malachy * Defeats of the Danes * Deposition of Malachy * Character of Brian's reign * Defection of Brian from Malachy * Brian's piety and wise laws * Neetmok * Institution of Surnames * Preparations for war, A. D. 1014, by the Danes, who determine to overrun Ireland * The famous Battle of Clontarf * Immense preparation and power of the Danish force* Details of the battle * Fierce and bloody contest - Brian killed in battle * The Danes routed * Consequences of the battle * Danish power reduced to almost nothing CHAPTER FIFTEEN: State of Learning in Ireland during and after the Danish Wars * Eminent Churchmen, Poets, and Antiquaries * Tighernach and Marianus Scotus* Irishmen Abroad in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries* The Monks of the Middle Ages * Causes of Ignorance and Disorganization * Donough O'Brien in Rome * Turlough O'Brien * Progress of Connaught * Wars of the North and South of Ireland * Destruction of the Rrianan of Aileach * The Danes after Clontarf * Invasion and Fate of King Magnus * Relations with England * Letter of Pope regory VII * Murtough O'Brien and the Church * Remarkable Synods * Abuses in the Irish Church * Number of Bishops * St. Bernard's Denunciations * Palliations * St. Malachy * Misrepresentations * Progress of Turlough O'Conor * Death of St. Celsus CHAPTER SIXTEEN: St. Malachy * His Early Career * His Reforms in the Diocese of Connor * His Withdrawal to Kerry * His Government of the Church of Armagh * His Retirement to Down* Struggle of Conor O'Brien and Turlough O'Conor * Synod at Cashel * Cormac's Chapel * Death of Cormac MacCarthy * Turlough O'Conor's Rigor to his Sons * Crimes and Tyranny of Dermot MacMurrough * St. Malachy's Journey to Rome * Building of Mellifont * Synod of Inis-Padraig * The Palliums * St. Malachy's Second Journey and Death * Political State of Ireland * Arrival of Cardinal Paparo* Synod of Kells * Misrepresentations Corrected * The Battle of Moin-Mor * Famine arising from Civil War in Munster * Dismemberment of Meath * Elopement of Dervorgil * Battle of Rahin * A Naval Engagement * Death of Turlough O'Conor, and Accession of Roderic* Synod of Mellifont * Synod of Bri-Mic-Taidhg * Wars and Ambition of Roderic * St. Laurence O'Toole * Synod of Clane * Zeal of the Irish Hierarchy * Death of O'Loughlin * Roderic O'Conor Monarch * Expulsion of Dermot MacMurrough * Great Assembly at Athboy CHAPTER SEVENTEEN: The Akolo-Norman Invasion.- Dermot's Appeal to Henry II* His Negotiations with Earl Strongbow and others * Landing of the first English adventurers in Ireland * Siege of Wexford * First Rewards of the Adventurers* Apathy of the Irish * Incursion into Ossory * Savage Conduct of Dermot * His Vindictiveness * Shameful Feebleness of Roderic * The Treaty of Ferns * Dermot aspires to the Sovereignty * Strongbow's Preparations for his Expedition * Landing of his Precursor, Raymond le Gros* Massacre of Prisoners by the English * Arrival of Strongbow, and Siege of Waterford * Marriage of Strongbow and Eva * March on Dublin* Surprise of the City * Brutal Massacre * The English Garrison of Waterford cut off * Sacrilegious Spoliations by Dermot and the English* Imbecility of Roderic * Execution of Dennot's Hostages * Synod of Armagh* English Slaves, nefarious custom * Horrible Death of Dermot MacMurrough CHAPTER EIGHTEEN: Reign of Henry II.* Difficulties of Strongbow * Order of Henry against the Adventurers * Danish attack on Dublin * Patriotism of St. Laurence * Siege of Dublin by Roderic * Desperate state of the Garrison * Their Bravery and Success * FitzStephen Captured by the Wexford People * Attack on Dublin by Tiernan O'Roiirke* Henry's Expedition to Ireland* His Policy * The Irish Unprepared* Submission of several Irish Princes * Henry fixes his Court in Dublin * Bold Attitude of Roderic * Independence of the Northern Princes * Synod of Cashel* History of the Pope's Grant to Henry * This Grant not the Cause either of the Invasion or its Success * Disorganized State of Ireland * Report of Prelates of Cashel, and Letters of Alexander III * English Law extended to Ireland * The "five bloods" * Parallel of the Normans in England and the Anglo-Normans in Ireland * Fate of the Irish Church * Final Arrangements and Departure of Henry CHAPTER NINETEEN: Reign of Henry II, continued * Death of Tiernan O'Rourke and treachery of tlie Invaders * Strongbow’s Expedition to Offaly, and Defeat * The Earl called to Normandy * His Speedy Return* Dissensions among the Anglo-Normans * Raymond's Popularity with the Army * His Spoliations in Offaly and Lismore* His Ambition and Withdrawal from Ireland * An English Army cut to pieces at Thurles * Raymond's Return and Marriage * Roderic's Expedition to Meath * The Bulls Promulgated * Limerick Captured by Raymond * Serious Charges against him* His Success at Cashel, and Submission of O'Brien * Treaty between Roderic and Henry II * Attempt to Murder St. Laurence O'TooIe * Death of St. Gelasius* Episode of the Blessed Cornelius * Raymond le Gros in Desmond * Hostile Proceedings of Donnell O'Brien* Death of Strongbow * His Character * Massacre of the Invaders at Slane * De Courcy's Expedition to Ulster * Conduct of Cardinal Vivian* Battles with the Ulidians * Supposed Fulfilment of Prophecies* The Legate's Proceedings in Dublin * De Cogan's Expedition to Connaught, and Retreat * John made King of Ireland * Grants by Henry to the Adventurers CHAPTER TWENTY: Reign of Henry II, Concluded * Reign of Richard I * Reverses of De Courcy in the North * Feuds of Desmond and Thomond * Unpopularity of FitzAdelm with the Colonists* Irish Bishops at the Council of Lateran * Death of St Laurence O’Toole * His Charity and Poverty * De Lacy suspected by Henrv II * Death of Milo de Cogan-Arrival of Cambrensis * Death of Hervey of Monntmaurice * Roderic Abdicates and Retires to Cong * Archbishop Comyn * Exactions of Philip of Worcester * Prince Jolm's Expedition to Ireland * His Failure and Recall * English Mercenaries in the Irish Service * Singular Death of Hugh de Lacy * Synod in Christ Church * Translation of the Relics of SS. Patrick, Columba, and Brigid to Down * Expedition of De Courcy to Connaught * His Retreat * Death of Henry II.* Death of Conor Moinmov, and Fresh Tumults in Connaught * Last Exploits and Death of Donnell More O'Brien* Dissensions in the English Colony * Successes of Donnell MacCarthy * Death of Roderic O'Conor * His Character * Foundation of Churches, etc.* The Anglo-Irish and the "mere" Irish CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE: Reign of John * Renewed Wars of Cathal Carragh and Cathal Crovderg* Tergiversation of William de Burgo, and Death of Cathal Carragh at Boyle Abbey * Massacre of the English Archers in Connaught * Wars in Ulster * Fate of John De Courcy * Legends of the Book of Howth * Death and Character of William de Burgo * Tumults and Rebellions of the English Barons * Second Visit of King John to Ireland * Alarm of the Barons * Submission of Irish Princes * Independence of Hugh O'Neill * Division of the English Pale into Counties * Money Coined * Departure of John * The Bishop of Norwich Lord Justice * Exploits of Cormac O'Melaghlin and Hugh O'Neill * War in the South * Catastrophe at Athlone * Adventures of Murray O'Daly, the Poet of Lissadill * Ecclesiastical Occurrences CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO: Reign of Henry III. * Extension of Magna Charta to Ireland * Return of Hugh de Lacy * Wars between De Lacy and Earl Marshall * Surrender of Territory to the Crown by Irish Princes * Connaught granted by Henry to De Burgo * Domestic Wars in Connaught * Interference of the English * Famine and Pestilence * Hugh O'Conor Seized in Dublin and Rescued by Earl Marshall * His Retaliation at Athlone * Death of Hugh, and Fresh Wars for the Succession in Connaught * Felim O'Conor * English Castles in Connaught Demolished * The Islands of Clew Bay Plundered * Melancholy Fate of Earl Marshall * Connaught Occupied by the Anglo-Irish* Divisions and War in Ulster * Felim O'Conor Proceeds to England * Deaths of Remarkable Men * Expeditions to France and Wales * The Geraldines make War at their own Discretion * Rising of the Young Men in Connaught * Submission of Brian O'Neill * Battle of Creadrankille and Defeat of the English * Death of FitzGerald and O'Donnell * Domestic War in the North * Battle of Downpatrick * Wars of De Burgo and Fitzgerald * Defeat of the English near Carrick-on-Shannon * General View of this Reign CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE: Reign of Edward I. * State of Ireland on the Accession of Edward I. * Feuds of the Barons * Exploits of Hugh O'Conor * Fearful Confusion in Connaught * Incursion from Scotland, and Retaliation * Irish Victory of Glendelory * Horrible Treachery of Thomas De Clare in Thomond * Contentions of the Clann Murtough in Connaught* English Policy in the Irish Feuds * Petition for English Laws * Characteristic Incidents * Victories of Carbry O'Melaghlin over the English* Feuds of the De Burghs and Geraldines * The Red Earl * His great Power * English Laws for Ireland * Death of O'Melaghlin * Disputes of De Vescy and FitzGerald of Offaly * Singular Pleadings before the King * A Truce between the Geraldines and De Burghs * The Kilkenny Parliament of 1295 * Continued Tumults in Connaught * Expeditions against Scotland * Calvagh O'Conor * Horrible Massacre of Irish Chieftains at an English Dinner-table * More Murders * Rising of the O'Kellys * Foundation of Religious Houses CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR: Reign op Edward II. * Piers Gaveston in Ireland * Fresh wars in Connaught * Tlie Clann Murtough * Civil Broils in Thomond * Feud of De Clare and De Burgo* Growth of National Feelings * Invitation to King Robert Bruce * Memorial of the Irish Princes to Pope John XXII. * The Pope's Letter to the English King * The Scottish Expedition to Ireland * Landing of Edward Bruce * First Exploits of the Scottish Army * Proceedings of Felim and Rory O'Connor * Disastrous War in Connaught * The Battle of Athenry * Siege of Carrickfergus * General Rising of the Irish * Campaign of 1317 * Arrival of Robert Bruce * Arrest of the Earl of Ulster * Consternation in Dublin * The Scots at Castleknock * Their March to the South * Their Retreat from Limerick* Effects of the Famine * Retreat of the Scots to Ulster * Robert Bruce Returns to Scotland * Liberation of the Earl of Ulster * Battle of Faughard, and Death of Edward Bruce * National Prejudices. CHAPTER TWENTY-FIVE: Reign of Edward III. * Position of the different Races * Great Feuds of the Anglo-Irish * Murder of Bermingham, Earl of Louth * Creation of the Earls of Ormond and Desmond * Counties Palatine * Rigor of Sir Anthony Lucy * Murder of the Earl of Ulster * The Burkes of Connaught Abandon the English Language and Customs * Sacrilegious Outrages * Traces of Piety * Wars in Connaught * Crime and Punishment of Turlough O'Conor * Proceedings in the Pale * English by Birth and by Descent * Ordinances against the Anglo-Irish Aristocracy * Resistance of the latter * Sir Ralph Ufford's Harshness and Death * Change of Policy and its results * The Black Death * Administration of the Duke of Clarence * His Animosity against the Irish * The Statute of Kilkenny * Effects of that Atrocious Law* Exploits of Hugh O'Conor * Crime Punished by the Irish Chieftains* Victories of Niall O'Neill * Difficulties of the Government of the Pale * Manly Conduct of the Bishops * General Character of this Reign CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX: Reign of Richard II.* Law against Absentees * Events in Ireland at the Opening of the Reign * Partition of Connaught between O'Conor Don and O'Conor Roe * The Earl of Oxford made Duke of Ireland * His Fate * Battles between the English and Irish * Richard II. Visits Ireland with a Powerful Army * Submission of Irish Princes * Hard Conditions * Henry Castide's Account of the Irish * Knighting of Four Irish Kings * Departure of Richard II. and Rising of the Irish * Second Visit of King Richard * His Attack on Art MacMurrough's Stronghold * Disasters of the English Army * MacMurrongh's Heroism * Meeting of Art MacMurrough and the Earl of Gloucester * Richard Arrives in Dublin * Bad News from England * The King's Departure from Ireland * His unhappy Fate * Death of Niall More O'Neill and Succession of Niall Oge * Pilgrimages to Rome * Events Illustrating the Social State of Ireland CHAPTER TWENTY-SEVEN: Reigns of Henry IV and Henry V * State of the English Pale * The Duke of Lancaster in Ireland * Defeats of the English * Retaliation * Lancaster again Lord Lieutenant * His Stipulations * Affairs of Tyrone * Privateering * Complaints from the Pale * Accession of Henry V. * Sir John Stanley's Government * Rhyming to death * Exploits of Lord Furnival * Reaction of the Irish * Death of Art MacMurrough Kavanagh * Death of Murrough O'Conor, or Offaly * Defeat of the O'Mores * Petition against the Irish * Persecution of an Irish Archbishop * Complaint of the Anglo-Irish Commons * State of Religion and Learning CHAPTER TWENTY-EIGHT: Reigns of Henry VI., Edward IV., Edward V., and Richard III. * State of Ireland on the Accession of Henry VI. * Liberation of Donough MacMurrough * Incursions of Owen O'Neill * His Inauguration* Famine * The " Summer of Slight Acquaintance" * Distressing State of Discord * Domestic War in England at this Period * Dissensions in the Pale * Complaints against the Earl of Ormond * Proceedings of Lord Furnival * Doherty’s description * Pestilence * Devotedness of the Clergy * The Duke of York in Ireland * His Popularity * Confesses his Inability to Subdue the Irish* His Subsequent Fortunes and Death in England * Irish Pilgrimages to Rome and St. James of Compostella * Munificence of Margaret of Offaly * Her Banquets to the Learned * The Butlers and Geraldines take opposite sides in the English Wars * Popular Government of the Earl of Desmond * He is unjustly Executed * Wretched Condition of the English Pale * Fatal Feuds and Indifference of the Irish, and Contemporary Disorders in England * Atrocious Laws against the Irish CHAPTER TWENTY-NINE: Reign of Henry VII.* Forbearance of Henry VII towards the Yorkists in Ireland * The Earl of Kildare continues Lord Deputy * Arrival of Lambert Simnel * His Cause Espoused by the Lords of the Pale * Coronation of Simnel in Christ's Church * His Expedition to England * Defeat of Simnel's Anny at Stoke * Pardon of his Adherents * Loyalty of Waterford * First use of Fire-arms in Ireland * Murder of the Earl of Desmond * Arrival of Sir Richard Edgecomb * .Another Mock Prince * Disgrace of the Earl of Kildare * His Quarrel with Sir James Ormond * Perkin Warbeck at Cork * Sir Edward Poynings Arrives in Ireland as Governor * The Parliament of Drogheda * Poynings' Act * The Earl of Kildare Attainted and sent Prisoner to England * His Vindication before Henry VII. * Returns as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland * Further Adventures of Warbeck * His last Visit to Ireland * His Execution * Transactions of the Native Princes during this period * The battle of Knocktow * Death of Hugh Boo O'Neill CHAPTER THIRTY: Reign of Henry VIII. * Accession of Henry VIII * Gerald, Earl of Kildare, still Lord Deputy * His last Transactions and Death * Hugh O'Donnell visits Scotland and prevents an Invasion of Ireland * Wars of the Kinel-Connell and Kinel Owen * Proceedings of the new Earl of Kildare * The Earl of Surrey Lord Lieutenant * His Opinion of Irish Warfare * His Advice to the King about Ireland * His Return * The Earl of Ormond succeeds, and is made Earl of Ossory * Wars in Ulster * Battle of Knockavoe * Triumph of Kildare * Vain attempts to reconcile O’Neill and O'Donnell * Treasonable correspondence of Desmond * Kildare again in difficulties * Effect of his Irish popularity * Sir William Skeffington Lord Deputy * Discord between him and Kildare * New Irish Alliance of Kildare * His fall * Reports of the Council to the King * The Schism in England * Rebellion of Silken Thomas * Murder of Archbishop Allen * Siege of Maynooth * Surrender of Silken Thomas, and arrest of his Uncles * Their cruel fate* Lord Leonard Gray in Ireland * Destruction of O'Brien's Bridge * Interesting events in Offaly * Desolating War against the Irish * Confederation of Irish Chiefs* Fidelity of the Irish to their Faith* Rescue of young Gerald FitzGerald* Extension of the Geraldine League * Desecration of sacred things * Battle of Belahoe * Sulimission of Southern Chiefs * Escape of young Gerald to France * Effects of the "Reformation" on Ireland * Servility of Parliament * Henry's insidious policy in Ireland * George Brown, first Protestant Archbishop of Dublin * His character * Failure of the new creed in Ireland * Terrible spoliation of the Irish by the Lord Justice* Submission of Irish Princes * Their acceptance of English titles and surrender of Irish ones * Henry VIII made King of Ireland * Submission of Desmond * First native Irish Lords in Parliament * Execution of Lord Leonard Gray * O'Neill surrenders his territory and is made Earl of Tyrone * Murrough O'Brien made Earl of Thomond * Confiscation of convent lands * Effect of the policy of concession and corruption CHAPTER THIRTY-ONE: Reign op Edward VI. and Mary. * Accession of Edward VI. * Somerset's government * War of Extermination in Leix and Offaly * Fate of O'More and O'Conor * Rising of O'Carroll * Successes of the Lord Deputy Bellingham * The adventurers Bryan and Fay * Rebellion of Calvagh O'Donnell against his father * Power of the Northern Chiefs curtailed * Instance of Bellingham 's firmness * Intrigues and changes in the Irish Government * Exploits of the Scots in Ulster * War between Ferdoragh and Shane O'Neill * French emissaries in Ulster * Failure of the efforts to establish the new religion in Ireland * Zeal and firmness of Archbishop Dowdall * Conference at St. Mary's Abbey * Plunder of Clonmacnoise * Accession of Queen Mary * Her efforts to restore religion * Her difficulties in England * Injustice to her character * The work of restoration easy in Ireland * Her kind disposition to Ireland frustrated * Affecting incident * Strife in Thomond * Continued war with the Scots in Ulster* Shane O'Neill defeated by Calvagh O'Donuell CHAPTER THIRTY-TWO: Reign of Elizabeth.* Religious pliancy of Statesmen and fidelity of the people * Shane O'Neill * Acts of the Parliament of 1559 * Laws against the Catholic religion* Miserable condition of the Irish Church * Discord in Thomond * Machinations of Government against Shane O'Neill * Capture of Calvagh O'Donnell by the latter * War with Shane * Defeat of the English * Plan to assassinate the Tyrone Chief * Submission of Shane, and his visit to the Court of Elizabeth * His return, further misunderstanding, and renewed peace with the Government * O'Neill defeats the Scots of Clannaboy * Feud between the Earls of Ormond and Desmond * The latter wounded and captured at Affane* The Earl of Sussex succeeded by Sir Henry Sidney * Renewed war in Ulster * O'Neill invades the English Pale * Defeated at Derry * Burning of Derry and withdrawal of the English garrison* Death of Calvagh O'Donnell* O'Neill defeated by Calvagh 's successor, Hugh * His disastrous flight, appeal to the Scots, and murder * His character * Visitation of Munster and Connaught by Sidney * Sidney's description of the State of the country * His character of the great nobles * Base policy of the Government confessed by him * His energy and severity * Arrest of Desmond * Commencement of serious troubles in the South * Position of the Catholics* Sir James FitzMaurice * Parliament of 1569 * Fraudulent elections * Attainder of O'Neill * Claims of Sir Peter Carew * Rebellion of Sir Edmund Butler * Sidney's military expedition to Munster * Sir John Perrott Lord President of Munster, and Sir Edward Fitton President of Connaught * Renewed war in the South * Rebellion of the Earl of Thomond * Rebellion of the sons of the Earl of Clanrickard * Battle of Shrule * The Castle of Aughnanure taken * Siege and Capture of Castlemaine* Submission of Sir James FitzMaurice * Attempted English settlements in Ulster * Horrible Massacre of the Irish in Clannaboy * Failure and death of the Earl of Essex * Sir Henry Sidney makes another visitation of the South and West * Sir William Drury President of Munster, and Sir Nicholas Malby in Connaught * Illegal Tax, difficulties in the Pale * Career and death of Rory Oge O'More * The massacre of Mullaghmast CHAPTER THIRTY-THREE: Reign of Elizabeth, continued * Plans of James FitzMaurice on the Continent* Projected Italian expedition to Ireland * Its singular fate* FitzMaurice lands with some Spaniards at Smerwick* Conduct of the Earl of Desmond * Savage treatment of a bishop and priest * The insurgents scattered * Murder of Davells and Carter * Tragical death of James FitzMaurice * Proceedings of Drury and Malhy* Catholics in the royal ranks * Defeat of the royal army by John of Desmond at Gort-na-Tiobrad * Death of Sir William Drury * Important battle at Monasteranena* Defeat of the Geraldines* Desmond treated as a rebel* Hostilities against him* Sir Nicholas Malby at Askeaton* Desmond at length driven into rebellion * He plunders and burns Toughal * The country devastated by Orniond * Humanity of a friar* James of Desmond captured and executed * Campaign of Pelham and Ormond in Desmond's country * Capture of Carrigafoyle castle * Other castles surrendered to the Lord Justice * Narrow escape of the Earl of Desmond* Insurrection in Wicklow* Arrival of Lord Gray * His disaster in Glenmalure* Landing of a large Spanish armament at Smerwick harbor* Lord Gray besieges the foreigners * Horrible and treacherous slaughter in the Fort Del Ore * Savage barbarity of Lord Gray and his captains * Butchery of women and children near Kildimo * Rumored plot in Dublin * Arrest of the Earl of Kildare and others* Premature executions* Forays of the Earl of Desmond * Melancholy end of John of Desmond * The FitzMaurices of Kelly in rebellion * Battle of Gort-na Pisi * The Glen of Aherlow * Desperate state of Desmond * His murder* His character* Mild policy of Perrott * The Parliament of 1585 * Composition in Connaught * Plantation of Munster * Brutal severity of Sir Richard Bingham in Connaught CHAPTER THIRTY-FOUR: Reign of Elizabeth, continued * Affairs of Ulster * Hugh, Earl of Tyrone * His visit to Elizabeth * His growing power * Complaints against him * Sir Hugh O'Donnell* Capture of Hugh Roe ODonnell; cunning device * Sir William FitzWilliam Lord Deputy * The Spanish Armada * The wrecks on the Irish coast * Disappointed avarice of the Lord Deputy * He oppresses the Irish chiefs * Murders MacMahon* Hugh Geimhleach hanged by Hugh O'Neill, who then revisits London, excuses himself to Elizabeth, and signs terms of agreement* O'Neill returns to Ireland, and refuses to give his sureties until the government should fulfill its engagements* Hugh Roe's first escape from Dublin Castle, and his recapture* Fresh charges against Hugh O'Neill * He carries off and marries the sister of Marshal Bagnal * Brian O'Rourke hanged in London* Hugh Roe's second escape * Affecting incidents * His adventures and return to Tirconnell* Drives off an English party * His father's abdication, and his own election as Chieftain * He assails Turlough Luineach, and compels him to resign the chieftaincy of Tyrone to Hugh O'Neill * An English sheriff hunted out of Fermanagh * Rebellion of Maguire * Enniskillen taken by the English * Irish victory at the Ford of the Biscuits, and recapture of Enniskillen* Sir William Russell Lord Deputy * Hugh O'Neill visits Dublin * Bagnal's charges against him* Vindication of his policy* Fiagh MacHugh O'Byrne and Walter Riavagh FitzGerald * Arrival of Sir John Norris* Hugh O'Neill rises in arms * Takes the Blackwater Fort * Protracted negotiations * War in Connaught; successes of O'Donnell * Bingham foiled at Sligo, and retreats * Differences between Norris and the Deputy * Bingham disgraced and recalled * Fresh promises from Spain* Interesting events in Connaught * Proceedings of the Leinster insurgents * Ormond appointed Lord-Lieutenant * Last truce with O'Neill * Hostilities resumed in Ulster * Desperate plight of the Government * Great Irish victory of the Yellow Ford * Ormond repulsed in Leix * War resumed in Munster, etc CHAPTER THIRTY-FIVE: Reign of Elizabeth, concluded.* The Earl of Essex Viceroy* His Incapacity* His fruitless expedition to Munster* O'Conor Sligo besieged at Colloony * Sir Conyers Clifford marches against O'Donnell * Total defeat of the English at the Curlieu mountains, and death of Clifford * Essex applies for reinforcements* His march to the Lagan * His interview with O'Neill * His departure from Ireland, and unhappy fate * O'Neill's expedition to Munster * Combat and death of Hugh Maguire and Sir Varham Sentleger* Arrival of Lord Mountjoy as Deputy * O'Neill returns to Ulster * Presents from the Pope and the King of Spain* Capture of Ormond by Owny O'More * Sir George Carew president of Munster * His subtlety * His plots against the Sugane Earl and his brother* Capture of Glin Castle, and general submission of Desmond * Death of Owny O'More * Barbarous desolation of the country by the Deputy * The son of the late Earlof Desmond sent to Ireland * Failure of his mission* Retribution on a traitor (note) * Docwra's expedition to Lough Foyle * Defections from the Irish ranks * Predatory excursions of Red Hugh O'Donnell * Mountjoy's expeditions against O'Neill * Complicated misfortunes of the Irish * Niall Qarv besieged in the monastery of Donegal by Hugh Roe* Arrival of the Spaniards at Kinsale* They are besieged by Mountjoy and Carew* Extraordinary march of O'Donnell and mustering of the Irish forces to assist them * Battle of Kinsale, and total rout of the Irish army* Departure of Red Hugh O'Donnell for Spain* Surrender of Kinsale, and departure of the Spaniards* Deplorable state of the Irish * Dreadful famine * Siege of Punboy Castle * Flight of O'Sullivan * Submission of O'Neill* Death of Elizabeth CHAPTER THIRTY-SIX: Reign of James I. * The Irish submit to James, as a prince of the Milesian race, and suppose him to be friendly to their creed and country * They discover their mistake * Revolt of the Southern towns * Hugh O'Neill and Rory O'Donnell accompany Mountjoy to England * Title of Earl of Tirconnell created * Religious character of the Irish wars * Suspension of Penal Laws under Elizabeth * Persecution of the Catholics by James * Remonstrance of the Anglo-Irish Catholics * Abolition of Irish laws and customs * O'Neill persecuted * Inveigled into a sham plot * Flight of Tyrone and Tirconnell to Rome * Rising of Sir Cahir O'Doherty * His fate, and that of Niall Garv O'Donnell and others * The confiscation and plantation of Ulster * The Corporation of London receives a large share of the spoils * A Parliament convened after twenty-seven years * Creation of boroughs* Disgraceful scene in the election of Speaker * Secession of the recusants * Prototype of the Catholic Association * Treatment of the Catholic Delegates by the king * Concessions * Act of Pardon and Oblivion* Unanimity of the new Session of Parliament * Bill of attainder against O'Neill and O'Donnell passed * First general admission of the Irish under English law * Renewed persecution of the Catholics * The king's rapacity * Wholesale confiscations in Leinster * Inquiry into defective titles * Extension of the inquiry to Connaught * Frightful system of legal oppression CHAPTER THIRTY-SEVEN: Reign of Charles I. * Hopes of the Catholics on the accession of Charles, and corresponding alarm of the Protestants * Intolerant declaration of the Protestant bishops * The "graces" * The royal promise broken * Renewed persecution of the Catholics * Outrage on a Catholic congregation in Cook-street * Confiscation of Catholic schools and chapels * Government of Lord Wentworth or Strafford * He summons a Parliament * His shameful duplicity * The Commission of "Defective Titles" for Connaught * Atrocious spoliation in the name of Law * Jury-packing * Noble conduct of a Galway jury * Their punishment * Plantation of Ormond, etc. * Fresh subsidies by an Irish Parliament * Strafford raises an army of Irish Catholics * He is impeached by Parliament * His execution * Causes of the great insurrection of 1641 * Threats of the Puritans to extirpate the Catholic religion in Ireland * The Irish abroad * Their numbers and influence * First movements among the Irish gentry * Roger O'More * Lord Maguire * Sir Phelim O'Neill * Promises from Cardinal Richelieu * Officers in the king's interest combine with the Irish gentry * Discovery of the conspiracy * Arrest of Lord Maguire and MacMahon* Alarm in Dublin * The outbreak in Ulster * Its first successes * Proclamation of Sir Phelim O'Neill* Feigned commission from the king * Gross exaggeration of the cruelties of the Irish * Bishop Bedell and the remonstrance from Cavan * The massacre of Island Magee * The fable of a general massacre by the Catholics refuted * Proclamations of the lords justices * The Catholic nobility and gentry of the Pale insulted and repulsed * Scheme of a general confiscation * Approach of the northern Irish to the Pale * They take Mellifont and lay siege to Drogheda * Sir Charles Coote's atrocities in Wicklow * Efforts of the Catholic gentry to communicate with the king * Outrages of troopers * The gentry of the Pale compelled to stand on their defence * Meeting on the Hill of Crofty * The lords of the Pale take up arms * The insurrection spreads into Munster and Connaught * Royal proclamation * Conduct of the English Parliament * The insurrection general * Seige of Drogheda raised * The battle of Kilrush * The general Assembly, etc. CHAPTER THIRTY-EIGHT: Reign of Charles I, concluded * The arrival of Owen Roe O'Neill* He assumes the command of the Irish army in Ulster * Conduct of the Scots in Ulster * Lord Lieven's opinion of Owen Roe* Colonel Preston's arrival in Wexford with officers and arms * Position of the lords-justices * State of the belligerents in Connaught and Munster * Opening of the General Assembly * Outline of their proceedings * Constitution of the Supreme Council * Appointment of generals, &c.* Levy of money and soldiers * Remittances from the Continent * Establishment of a Mint * Progress of the war * Overture from the king to the Confederates * Hostile conduct of Ormond * Gallant defence of Ross* Preston defeated near Ross * Conference with the Royal Commissioners at Trim * Remonstrance of grievances * Obstacles to negotiation * Success of the Confederates * Death of Lord Moore * Capture of Colonel Vavasour * Foreign envoys* Arrival of Father Scarampi * Divisions in the Supreme Council * Disgrace of Parsons * Treaty of Cessation signed * Its rejection by the Puritans * The Scots in Ulster take the Covenant * Bravery of the Irish soldiers sent into Scotland for the King * Ormond appointed Lord-Lieutenant * His negotiations with the Confederates * Catholic and Protestant deputations to the king* Infringement of the Cessation of the Scots * Abortive expedition of Castlehaven against Monroe * The king's impatience for a peace in Ireland * Ormond's prevarication * Renewed hostilities in the south and west * Death of Archbishop O'Kealy * Mission of Glamorgan * His secret treaty with the Confederates * Mission of the Nuncio Rinuccini * His arrival in Ireland * Reception at Kilkenny * Renewed discussion of the peace question* Arrest of Glamorgan * Division among the Confederates * Treaty of peace signed by Ormond * Not approved by the Nuncio * Siege of Bunratty * Battle of Benburb * Increasing opposition to the peace * Ormond's visit to Munster * Glamorgan joins the Nuncio's party * Dublin besieged by the Confederates* Given up to the Parliamentarians* Ormond leaves Ireland * Dissensions in the Assembly* Battles of Dungan Hill and Knocknonos * O'Neill takes arms against the Confederates * Ormond returns * The peace of 1649 * Departure of the Nuntio * Prince Rupert's expedition CHAPTER THIRTY-NINE: Cromwell. * State of parties after the death of Charles I. * O’Neill’s services sought by Ormond and by the Parliamentarians * Ormond and Inchiquin take the field * Drogheda and other towns surrender to the latter * Siege of Dublin by Ormond* Great defeat of the royalists at Rathraines * Arrival of Cromwell* Siege of Drogheda * Horrible massacre* Wexford betrayed to Cromwell* Frightful massacre of the inhabitants * Death of Owen O'Neill * Ross surrendered * Siege of Waterford * Courageous conduct of the citizens * The siege raised * The Southern garrisons revolt to Cromwell * Wretched position of Ormond * Meeting of the bishops at Clonmacnoise * Their declaration * Kilkenny surrendered to Cromwell * Siege of Clonmel * Heroic self-devotion of the Bishop of Rosa * Surrender of Clonmel * Cromwell embarks for England * Death of Ileber MacMahon * Meeting of the bishops at Jamestown * Ormond excommunicated * The king subscribes to the covenant * New general assembly * Ormond retires to France, and the Marquis of Clanrickard becomes Lord Deputy * Negotiations with the Duke of Lorraine * Limerick besieged by Ireton * Valor of Henry O'Neill * Limerick betrayed to the besiegers * Barbarous executions * Death of Ireton * Surrender of Galway * Clanrickard accepts terms and leaves the kingdom * Wholesale confiscation and plunder * Horrible attempts to exterminate the people * Banishment to Connaught and the West Indies * Execution of Sir Phelim O'Neill * Atrocious cruelties * Oliver proclaimed Lord Protector * Henry Cromwell in Ireland * Death of Oliver * Proceedings of the Royalists * The Restoration CHAPTER FORTY: Reign of Charles II * Hopes of the Irish Catholics at the Restoration * Their grievous disappointment * An Irish Parliament convoked after twenty years * Discussions on the Act of Settlement in Ireland and England * The Act passed * Establishment of the Court of Claims * Partial success of the Irish Catholics * Consequent indignation and alarm of the Protestants * Rumored conspiracies * Blood's plot * The Act of explanation * Provisions of the Act grossly unjust to Catholics * The Irish Parliament desire to make them more so * The Irish remonstrance* Synod of the clergy in Dublin * English prohibitory laws against the importation of Irish cattle * General disaffection* Alarming rumors * Oppression of the Catholics * Recall of Ormond * Lord Berkley s administration* Catholic Petition of Grievances * Colonel Richard Talbot * Commission of Inquiry * Great alarm produced by it among the Protestants and New Interest * Recall of Lord Berkley and appointment of Lord Essex * Violent address of the English Parliament * Increased oppression of the Catholics * Restoration of Ormond * The Popish Plot * Arrest of Archbishop Talbot * Proclamations against the Catholics * Puritan attempts to raise a rebellion in Ireland * Arrest of Archbishop Plunkett * Frightful demoralization and perjury * Memoir of Dr. Plunket (note) * His martyrdom * Turn in the tide of persecution * Irish writers of the seventeenth century * State of the Irish * Death of Charles II CHAPTER FORTY-ONE: Reign of James II * Temper of parties in Ireland at the Accession of James II.* Hopes of the Catholics and alarm of the Protestants * Clarendon Lord-lieutenant. * Refusal to repeal the Acts of Settlement * Colonel Richard Talbot created Earl of Tirconnell, and appointed to the command of the army in Ireland * Succeeds Clarendon as Lord-Lieutenant * Numerous Catholic appointments * Alarming rumors * Increased disaffection of the Protestants * Birth of the Prince of Wales * William Prince of Orange invited to England * The League of Augsburg * William's dissimulation* His arrival at Torbay * James deserted by his English subjects and obliged to fly to France* Disloyal Association of the Protestants of Ulster * The Protestants in general refuse to give up their arms * The Rapparees * Irish troops sent to England, and the consequence * Closing the gates of Derry * The Irish alone faithful to King James * He lands at Kinsale and marches to Dublin * Siege of Derry * The town relieved and the siege raised * Conduct of the Enniskilleners * James's Parliament in Dublin * Act of Attainder * Large levies of the Irish * Landing of Schomberg * He encamps at Dundalls and declines battle with James * Battle of Cavau * William lands at Carrickfergus * Marches to the Boyne * Disposition of the hostile forces * The Battle of the Boyne* Orderly retreat of the Irish * Flight of King James * He escapes to France * William marches to Dublin * Waterford and Duncannon reduced * Gallant defence of Athlone by the Irish * Retreat of the Williamite army under Douglass * William besieges Limerick * Noble defence of the garrison * The English ammunition and artillery blown up by Sarsfield * The city stormed * Memorable heroism of the besieged * William raises the siege and returns to England * Arrival of St. Ruth * Loss of Atlilone* Battle of Aughrim and death of St. Ruth* Siege and surrender of Qalway * Second siege of Limerick * Honorable capitulation * The Irish army embark for France CHAPTER FORTY-TWO: From the treaty of Limerick to the Declaration of Independence. * State of Ireland after the departure of the brigades * The Articles of Limerick violated * The Catholics reduced to a deplorable condition * Disposal of the forfeited estates * William II and his Parliament at issue * Enactment of penal law in Ireland * Molineux's "case stated" * Destruction of the Irish woollen manufacture * Death of William * Intolerance of the Protestant colonists * Penal laws of Queen Anne's reign * The sacramental test * Attempts to extirpate the Catholics * The Palatines (note) * Accession of George I * Rebellion in Scotland in 1715 * Profound tranquillity in Ireland * Rigorous execution of the penal laws * Contests between the English and Irish Parliaments * The latter deprived of its independence * Bill for more effectually preventing the growth of Popery * Rise of the patriots in the Irish Parliament * Dean Swift * Woods' half-pence * Extraordinary excitement * Frightful state of public murals * Cardinal Wiseman on the fidelity of the Irish (note) * Accession of George II * An address from the Catholics treated with contempt * Primate Boulter * Charter schools established to proselytize the Catholic children * Converted Papists suspected * Distress and emigration * Fresh rigors against the Catholics * Proposed massacre * The great Scottish rebellion of 1745* Lord Chesterfield in Ireland * Disputes in the Irish Parliament about the surplus revenue * The patriots weakened by the corrupting policy of the Government * First movements of the Catholics * First Catholic committee * Discountenanced by the clergy and aristocracy * Thurot's expedition* Accession of George III * The White-boys * The Hearts-of Oak and Hearts-of-Steel Boys * Efforts of the patriots against the pension list * Execution of Father Sheehy * Lord Townsend's administration * The Octennial Bill* The Irish Parliament struggles for independence * Outbreak of the American war, and attempts to conciliate Ireland * Refusal to receive foreign troops * The volunteers * Great distress and popular discontent * Mr. Grattan's resolution of independence * Conduct and resolution of the volunteers * The Dungannon resolutions * Legislative independence of Ireland voted * New measures of Catholic relief * Influence of the volunteers CHAPTER FORTY-THREE: from the Declaration of Independence to the Union. * Short-comings of the volunteer movement * Corruption of the Irish Parliament * The national convention of delegates at the Rotunda * The Bishop of Derry * The Convention's Reform Bill * Bill rejected by Parliament * The convention dissolved and the fate of the volunteers sealed * The Commercial Relations Bill * Orde's propositions * Great excitement in Parliament * Mr. Pitt's project abandoned * Popular discontent * Disorders in the South * The Right-boys * The feud of the Peep-o'-day-boys and Defenders * Frightful atrocities of the former * The Orange Society * The regency question * Political clubs * Ferment produced by the French Revolution * The Catholic committee * Theobald Wolfe Tone* Formation of the Society of United Irishmen * Their principles * Catholic Relief Bill of 1793 * Trial of Archibald Hamilton Rowan * Mission of Jackson from the French Directory * His conviction and suicide * Administration of Earl FitzWilliam* Great excitement at his recall * New organization of the United Irishmen * Their revolutionary plans * Wolfe Tone's mission to France * The spy system * Iniquitous proceedings of the Government * Efforts to accelerate an explosion * The Insurrection and Indemnity acts * The Bantry Bay expedition* Reynolds the informer * Arrest of the Executive of the United Irishmen * Search for Lord Edward Fitzgerald * His arrest and death * The insurrection prematurely forced to an explosion * Free quarters, torturings, and military executions * Progress of the insurrection * Battle of Tara * Atrocities of the military and the magistrates * The insurrection in Kildare, Wexford, and Wicklow * Successes of the insurgents * Outrages of runaway troops * Siege of New Ross * Retaliation at Scullabogue * Battle of Arklow * Battle of Vinegar Hill * Lord Cornwallis assumes the government * Dispersion and surrender of insurgents * The French at Killala * Flight of the English* The insurrection finally extinguished * The Union proposed * Opposition to the measure * Pitt's perfidious policy successful * The Union carried. CHAPTER FORTY-FOUR: Catholic Emancipation* Two Years of the Union.* Influence of the Union measures upon politics * Deception of the English Government * William Pitt and King George III * Course of Lord Cornwallis * Michael Dwyer in the mountains of Wicklow * Alarm as to French invasion * Catholic emancipation * Views of the King and William Pitt * Pitt resigns* Cornwallis also * Addington ministry * General state of the country * Military force in Ireland * Debates in Parliament as to martial law and suspension of habeas corpus * Pence of Amiens* Efforts of United Irishmen in Paris * Lord Redesdale succeeds Earl of Clare * Relief of disabilities sought by Presbyterians and Catholics * Lord Castlereagh's statements on the subject * Extracts from his letter to Mr. Addington * Apprehensions of a renewed invasion by the French * Fears as to Ireland * Military force in the country * Outbreak in Limerick and Tipperary * Need of raising militia and yeomanry * Doubts as to numbers to be sent by the French, and the effect produced CHAPTER FORTY-FIVE: Insurrection under Robert Emmet * Early life, family, and education of Robert Emmet * Visits the continent * Joins the United Irishmen in Paris * Fate of Colonel Despard's conspiracy * Emmet returns to Dublin * His labors, resources, and hopes * Contrivances in his country-house and in Dublin* His confidants and coworkers * .Michael Dwyer and his adventures* Emmet's expectations * Reasons for hastening the insurrection * Plans of Emmet * Remarkable address of the Provisional Government " to the people of Ireland " * On the day appointed, few come forward to join in the outbreak * Events of the evening of July 33d* Cruel murder of Lord Kilwarden * Course of the authorities * Emmet's flight * Arrested * Russell arrested and executed * Trial of Emmet * Speech of Plunkett * The prisoner's eloquent address to the court * Executed the next day* Numerous arrests and imprisonments CHAPTER FORTY-SIX: Lord Hardwicke's Administration * Policy of Pitt and Fox * Catholic Petition. * Suspension of habeas corpus act * Martial law * Investigation into the state of Ireland called for * Pitt again in power * Disappointment of the Catholics * Agitation in Ireland * Great meeting in Dublin Position of England * Debate on renewing habeas corpus suspension act * Arguments advanced * Catholics determined to appeal to Parliament * The petition in full * Action in the House of Lords * Fox in the House of Commons * Strong vote against the petition * State of affairs * Death of William Pitt * "The ministry of all the talents" * Revival of spirit among Catholics * Dispute as to the "Catholic committee" * Duke of Bedford Lord-Lieutenant * Complaints as to his administration * Disturbances in Ireland * " The Threshers," and their lawless course * Death of Fox * Meetings in Dublin * Petition drawn up * The Maynooth grant* Course of the ministry in favor of the Catholics* Lord Howick’s bill* Opposition of the king * Bill withdrawn* Ministers dismissed * "No Popery cabinet" formed * Prospect in the future CHAPTER FORTY-SEVEN: Progress of Affairs * Duke of Richmond's Administration * Opposition of the king * Presentation of Catholic petition postponed * Duke of Richmond Lord-Lieutenant * Insurrection act * Sir Arthur Wellesley * State of Ireland * The veto question * Course of the Catholics * Agitation renewed * Meeting in Dublin * Orange lodges and doings * English Roman Catholics on veto question * Grattan's efforts * Government policy * Question of the veto in 1810 * Catholic committee's circular * Extracts from * Movement for repent of the Union * Meeting in Dublin* O'Connell's speech * Convention act enforced against Catholic committee * Proceedings of government * "Aggregate meetings" * Petition to prince regent proposed * Catholic board organized * Mr. (Sir Robert) Peel, chief secretary in Ireland * His policy and acts * Famous Parliamentary debate in 1812 * Position of Ireland at this date * Earnest working for the cause * The prince regent said to be in favor of the Roman Catholic claims * Hopes and expectations excited * Ministry denounced * Protestants roused * Feelings and views manifested * Various acts of outrage in Ireland * The state of things adverse to Catholic claims * Mr. Perceval assassinated * Result in general CHAPTER FORTY-EIGHT: Leadership of O'ConnelL,* Emancipation Effected.* State of affairs at this date * Grattan's emancipation bill * Canning's clauses * Opinions in Ireland as to the veto * O'Connell's course * Speech at aggregate meeting in Dublin * Prosecution of Maghee * Outrages in Ireland * Severe measures resorted to * Petitions * Veto question * Inquiries into the state of Ireland * Distress, discontent, etc. * O'Connell's statement as to veto question* George IV and his queen * Plunkett's motion * The king's visit to Ireland * Wellesley Lord-Lieutenant * Whiteboys and Captain Rock's men * Their excesses and cruelties * Famine audits terrors * Help afforded by England * Wellesley insulted in Dublin Theatre * Moral degradation of witnesses * Tithe composition act * State of education in Ireland * Use of the Bible in schools * The Catholic association in 1823 * Its power and influence * Catholic rent * Association suppressed * New one formed * O'Connell's threat * Sir F. Burdett's resolution * O'Connell's activity and influence * Canning's ministry and death * March of events * O'Connell elected for County Clare * Test and corporation acts repealed * Wellington's and Peel's policy * Measures adopted * Emancipation carried * O'Connell in the House * Seat denied him * Re-elected, and victory at last complete CHAPTER FORTY-NINE: Ireland's Intellectual and Moral Position.* Ireland distinguished for brilliant orators, poets, writers, etc. * Her contributions to literature and science * Her Burkes, Grattans, Currans, Edgeworths, etc. * Thomas Moore, the poet par excellence of Ireland * Birth and education * Visits America * Duel with Jeffrey * Mar- riage * His " Irish Melodies" * "Lalla Rookh." and biographical and historical works * Receives a pension of £300 * Death, in 1852, and character * Thomas Davis, a poet and prose writer of note * Connected with the "Nation"* Object of this journal * Davis’s labors * Death in 1845 * Extracts from his literary and historical essays * Father Matthew * Birth and education * Becomes a priest * Labors among the poor in and around the city of Cork * Enters on the temperance movement * Marvellous effects of his labors * Visits other cities with great success * Goes to England * Thence visits the United States * Returns to Ireland, and dies in 1850 * Beneficial results of his life and career * Statements of Mr. Smyth on Father Matthew's temperance * All honor to his name CHAPTER FIFTY: O'Connell in Parliament, and Ireland's Struggles. * Position and influence of O'Connell in Parliament * Death of George IV * Succeeded by William IV * Excitement about reform * Change of ministry * Marquis of Anglesea Lord-Lieutenant* Decides against public meetings for repeal * O'Connell and others arrested, tried, and convicted, but not sentenced * Reform-Bill introduced into Parliament * O'Connell's activity, popularity, and demands * Reform Bill carried in 1832 * Not much satisfaction to Ireland * .Agitation on the subject of tithes * Abolition of ten bishoprics, etc. * Earl Grey's coercion bill* .Agitation not stopped * Discussion in Parliament on the Repeal question * The "Experiment" proposed and attempted to be carried out * Of no real benefit * Orange lodges and other societies suppressed * Bills for reform of municipal corporation, for poor-laws, for abolition of -tithes, etc., 1836 * Mr. Nichols' Report on the condition of the poor in Ireland * Lord John Russell's bill * Passed in 1838 * Result * O'Connell's labors for years * Death of William IV * Accession of Queen Victoria * Expectations * Demands in behalf of Ireland * Reform in Irish corporations * Good results * Lord Fortescue Lord-Lieutenant * His policy * Repeal Association formed in 1840 * O'Connell Lord-Mayor of Dublin * Petition of city corporation for repeal of the Union * " Monster meetings" * Immense gatherings * Bold language of O'Connell and Bishop Higgius * Government preparations * Meeting at Mullughmast* One appointed to be held at Clontarf * Forbidden by the Lord-Lieutenant * O'Connell and gix others arrested, tried, and convicted * Sentence and imprisonment, 1844 * Ill effects upon O'Connell * His views as to using force in carrying forward repeal * The "Young Ireland" party * O'Connell's sickness and death, 1847 * Estimate of his character and career * Determination of the British Government * Macaulay's expressions * Eulogy on O'Connell * The potato rot or disease * Terrible famine in Ireland * Maynooth endowment, 1845 * Queen's Colleges * Denounced by the Catholic hierarchy * Catholic University founded * Government efforts to relieve distress * Bill for constructing public works so as to employ the poor * The famine of 1846-47 * Poor-law amended * Large contributions for relief * Private benevolence * Sad picture of the state of the country * Places for relief * Extensive emigration * Increased for years * Diminution of population between 1841 and 1851 CHAPTER FIFTY-ONE: Smith O’Brien’s insurrection * More recent history and progress * The "Young Ireland" party and the "Irish Confederation" * William Smith O'Brien * His co-workers, Meagher, Mitchell, and others * The year 1848 a year of revolutions * O'Brien in Parliament * Goes to Paris * Sympathy of the French* O'Brien prosecuted for sedition * Jury not agreed * Set at liberty * Mitchell transported * Condition of the country * Affray at Dolly's Brae * Action now resolved upon by O'Brien, Duffy, O'Gorman, etc. * Measures of Government * O'Brien's movements * March from Enniscorthy * Encounter with the police near Ballingar * The conflict, and result * O'Brien and others arrested, tried, and condemned * Sent to Australia * Proposal to abolish lord-lieutenancy * Eviction of small farmers and tenant-rights * Mr. Crawford's bills * "Irish Tenant-league" * Further attempts at legislative settlement of the question * General face of the country improved * Ireland's share in the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park in 1831 * Exhibition in Cork in 1853 * Earl of Eglintoun Lord-Lieutenant * Political excitement * Aggregate meeting in Dublin * Right Rev. Dr. Cullen presides * Resolutions adopted * Proposal of Mr. Gladstone, chancellor of the exchequer, to impose the income tax on Ireland * His statements and views * Two weeks' debate * Speeches and arguments of the opposition * The Government plan supported by a majority of 71 * The result * Ecclesiastical affairs brought under discussion * Opposition to, and complaints of, the establishment * National system of education * Discussion in Parliament * Earl Derby's speech * Testimony of a Catholic writer respecting the schools, the books used, etc. * Mr. Dargan's public-spirited efforts to inaugurate the Industrial Exhibition of 1853 * The building, contents, etc. * Opening of the Exhibition by Earl St. Germans * Visit of her majesty Queen Victoria to Ireland * Her presence at the Exhibition * Results hoped for CHAPTER FIFTY-TWO: The Fenian Brotherhood * Ireland's Present Position and Prospects * Hope for the Futttre. * Activity and zeal of the Irish patriots * The Fenian Brotherhood * Origin and purpose of this association* Its scientific organization * First Fenian Cimgress at Chicago, 1863 * Second Congress at Cincinnati, January, 1865 * Third Congress in Philadelphia, September, 1865 * Reorganization, steps taken of various kinds, etc. * Course of the British Government * Martial law proclaimed in Ireland * James Stephens, the Head Centre of the whole Brotherhood, arrested * His escape from prison * Visits the United States* The Queen's speech, February, 1806 * Suspension of the habeas corpus act * .John Bright's views * S. Mill's remarks * Fenian invasion of Canada * Mortifying failure * Course pursued by the President of the United States * Criticized by the Irish patriots * Lord Derby's thanks to the United States Government * Fenians tried and condemned in Canada * McMahon and Lynch sentenced to be hung * Mr. Seward's interposition * Excitement among the Irish* Stephen's speech at meeting held at Jones's Wood, New York* His bold announcement * Opposition to the Fenian movement by bishops and priests of the Catholic Church* Extracts from a Catholic paper on this subject * Meeting of Fenians in New York, November, 1866 * Resolution and appeal adopted * Fatiier Vaughan's spirited review of " English misrule in Ireland" * The rising in Ireland reported as having been entered upon at the close of November, 1800 * Spirit and tone of the English press * Threats of retaliation on the part of the Fenians * Fixed resolve of the British Government * Force under Stephens in Ireland * Sympathy in various quarters* Warren's address to Irishmen in America * Extracts from an Irish New York journal on the position of affairs and the prospects of success * Condition of things at the close of 1800 * Views and opinions of eminent Irishmen and Englishmen on the questions at issue * What has been done for the people's good * What remains to be done * Nil desperandum * Ireland must be free Remember folks, this is an 1871 original. This book is 148 years old. Check out all the RARE ANTIQUE BOOKS ABOUT THE INDIAN WARS, CIVIL WAR, REVOLUTIONARY WAR AND THE OLD WEST THAT I'M OFFERING ON EBAY THIS WEEK! Please be sure to add me to your List of Favorite Sellers! Don't miss out on any of my latest listings. Click here to sign up for the NEETMOK NEWSLETTER! Winner pays for media mail shipping in the United States of America. INTERNATIONAL BIDDERS: All international bidders must pay by PayPal. © 2014-2019 by eBay seller neetmok. NEETMOK BOOKS IS A REGISTERED MEMBER OF EBAY’S VERO PROGRAM. Unauthorized use of Item Description Text or Images is a violation of eBay rules, as posted by eBay: "No Copying Allowed! When you prepare your listings you generally should use only material (text, photographs, etc.) and trademarks/names that you created or own yourself or licensed from the owners." Auction page content (i.e., item description text; lists of contents, lists of illustrations/photos; scanned images, etc.) was written/compiled/formatted by eBay seller neetmok and, as intellectual property, is protected by copyright. UNAUTHORIZED USE OF ITEM DESCRIPTION TEXT INCLUDING SUMMARIES OF CONTENTS, ILLUSTRATIONS, ETC., PHOTOS OR OTHER PROPRIETARY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED AND WILL BE REPORTED TO EBAY’S VERO DEPARTMENT FOR IMMEDIATE ACTION. Condition: GOOD ANTIQUE CONDITION. Rebound in green buckram with original front board decoration laid on. Firmly bound. Text is clean and complete; some foxing, toning, etc. No torn or loose pages. Frontispiece and title page are absent, book opens to Preface page. I have sold this title for hundreds of dollars on eBay in the past. -- MOBILE DEVICE/CELL PHONE/APP/FIREFOX USERS: YOU MAY NOT BE SEEING MY COMPLETE LISTING. IF IT APPEARS NO DESCRIPTION ACCOMPANIES THIS AUCTION OR IF DESCRIPTION APPEARS TO BE INCOMPLETE: (1) CLICK ON “VIEW FULL DESCRIPTION.” (2) SWITCH TO CHROME BROWSER. OR (3) CONTACT ME., Year Printed: 1871, Country/Region of Manufacture: United States, Topic: Ireland, Binding: Hardcover, Region: Europe, Author: Haverty, Subject: History, Original/Facsimile: Original, Language: English, Place of Publication: New York, Special Attributes: Illustrated

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