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Greek Illyrian Bronze Helmet - Xrayed Lot 16 Part of a live auction event on Thursday, Jul 19

$17,000.00 2 Bids Sold

Seller: artemisgallerylive (36) 100%, Location: Louisville, Colorado, Ships to: Free Local Pickup, Item: 263799540992 LOT 16Seller's Estimate: USD 25,000 - 35,000 Northwestern Greece, ca. late 6th to 5th centuries BCE. A war helmet made of hammered bronze sheet, rounded in form with a rectilinear opening for the face, long, pointed cheek pieces, and twin parallel ridges on the crown frame the crest. The back and sides flare out slightly to guard the neck and have pseudo-rivets incised around them. Each cheek-guard is perforated at the forward tip, with a perforation at the center of the forehead for attachment of a crest between the two raised parallel double ridges across the crown. Of the type worn by the hoplite phlanx, a rectangular mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, sarissas, or similar weapons. The hoplite phalanx was the perfect manifestation of classical Greek society on the battlefield. Made up of middle-class men who had day jobs, the phalanx was made to decide a war in a single bloody struggle. Size: 9.25" L x 7.75" W x 9" H (23.5 cm x 19.7 cm x 22.9 cm); 12.75" H (32.4 cm) on included custom stand. These helmets were particularly popular in northern Greece, in the province of Illyria, in the modern day Balkans. They were made for hoplites, the citizen-soldiers of the Greek city states, who often furnished their own bronze armor. As a result, regional styles developed and there is a great deal of variation in shape and form. Armor was not just for battle, however. The pseudo-rivets on this example show that this was made for parades or to be worn in death - on a battle helmet, those rivets would have been real, to attach to a leather guard. Excavations at Sindos in Macedonia, a necropolis with the remains of Greek soldiers, have found that there was a standardized and probably ritualized method for burial. This included the placement of armor in carefully proscribed areas of the body. The helmet was placed over the head, along with a strip of gold over the mouth and possibly others over the eyes. See similar examples to this helmet from the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1992.180.1, 2006.221, 2003.407.6) and the Louvre (CA 2221Or). Provenance: ex-private Ketchum, ID collection acquired around 2000, private UK collection acquired in the 1980's All items legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14, and are guaranteed to be as described or your money back. A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all winning bids. We ship worldwide and handle all shipping in-house for your convenience. #133436 Condition Report: There are two very small fissures along the top crown one in the center ridge, the other to one side. Small stabilized crack at junction of ear plate and front area. Expected surface wear commensurate with age and gorgeous green patina throughout. All-in-all in remarkable condition with virtually no plastic fill so oftem found in helmets of this period. Payment: The buyer is responsible for paying the seller directly after winning the item. Details on accepted payment methods and where to send payment are provided in an invoice from the seller. Shipping: The buyer is responsible for paying all shipping costs and arranging for shipping and delivery with the seller. Additional shipping details from the seller: Auction House will ship, at Buyer's expense For more information see terms and conditions Knowing when to bid: An event can last a few hours. To help figure out when an item will come up for auction, watch the pace of the event and keep in mind that items usually come up in lot order.Fine Antiquities/Ethnographic Art offered by Artemis Gallery Thursday, July 19, 2018 | 07:00AM GMT-07:00 Louisville, Colorado, USA

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