GELA Sicily 339BC Demeter River-God Gelas RARE Ancient Greek Coin i24269

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Seller: highrating_lowprice (20,183) 100%, Location: Rego Park, New York, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 230943319109 Item: i24269 Authentic Ancient Coin of: Greek city of Gela in Sicily Bronze Trias 14mm (2.89 grams) Struck 339-310B.C. Reference: Sear 1099; Jenkins 549; B.M.C. 2.77-8 ГEΛΩIΩN - Head of Demeter three-quarter face to right, wreathed with corn. Bearded head of river-god Gelas left, horned, and wreathed with corn. The third city of ancient Sicily, after Syracuse and Akragas, Gela was founded circa 688 B.C. by colonists from Crete and Rhodes. The place was named from the river Gelas which flowed to the east of the settlement. Throughout most of the latter part of the 5th Century Gela enjoyed great prosperity; but in 405 B.C. the city was destroyed by the Carthaginians, a disaster from which it never fully recovered. Then the city was destroyed by the Mamertini in circa 282 B.C., the survivors moving to the newly-founded Phintias. You are bidding on the exact item pictured, provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime Guarantee of Authenticity. In Greek mythology , Demeter (ancient Greek Δημήτηρ, Dēmētēr) was the goddess of the harvest, who presided over grains , the fertility of the earth, the seasons (personified by the Hours ), and the harvest . One of her surnames is Sito (σίτος: wheat) as the giver of food or corn. Though Demeter is often described simply as the goddess of the harvest, she presided also over the sanctity of marriage , the sacred law , and the cycle of life and death . She and her daughter Persephone were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that also predated the Olympian pantheon. Her Roman cognate is Ceres . Greek city of Gela in Sicily was founded around 688 BC by colonists from Rhodos (Rhodes) and Crete , 45 years after the founding of Syracuse . The city was named after the river Gela . The Greeks had many colonies in the south of what is now Italy, and for many centuries the Greeks had a major influence on the area. Gela flourished and, after only a century, a group of Geloi founded the colony of Agrigento . The expansion, however, led to economic and social strains, which led the plebs to leave the city and settle in nearby Maktorion . However, the revolt was opposed by the great priest of Diana and the exiled plebs returned to Gela. For over a century no further mention is made about the internal politics of the city, until the ancient historians note that a tyrant, Cleander , ruled Gela between 505 BC and 498 BC. After his death, power transferred to his brother Hippocrates , who conquered Callipoli, Leontini , Naxos , Hergetios and Zancles, the current Messina . Only Syracuse , with the help of her former colonizing city, Corinth and Corcyra , managed to escape the Gelese expansion. When Camarina , a Syracusan colony, rebelled in 492 BC, Hippocrates intervened to wage war against Syracuse. After having defeated the Syracusan army at the Heloros river, he besieged the city. However, in the end he was convinced to retreat in exchange for the possession of Camarina. The tyrant lost his life in 491 in a battle against the Siculi , the native Sicilian people. Hippocrates was succeeded by Gelo, who, in 484, conquered Syracuse and moved his seat of government there. His brother Hiero was given control over Gela. When Theron of Agrigento conquered Himera and a Carthaginian army disembarked in Sicily to counter him, he asked for help from Gela and Syracuse. Gelo and Hiero were victorious in the subsequent battle of Himera , in which the Carthaginian leader Hamilcar lost his life. After the death of Gelo (478 BC), Hiero moved to Syracuse, leaving Gela to Polyzelos. Thenceforth the history of the city becomes uncertain: it has been suggested that the citizens freed themselves from the rule of tyrants and established a democratic government. Many of the Geloi returned from Syracuse in this period, and the city regained part of its power: Aischylos died in this city in 456 BC. Gela was at the head of the Sicilian league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island in 424 (see Sicilian Expedition ). In 406 the Carthaginians conquered Agrigento and destroyed it. Gela asked for the help of Dionysius I of Syracuse . However, for unknown reasons, the latter did not arrive in time and, after heroic deeds, Gela was turned into ruins and its treasures sacked (405). The survivors took refuge in Syracuse. In 397 they returned home and joined Dionysius II in his struggle for the freedom from the invaders, and in 383 BC they saw their independence acknowledged. Under Agathocles (317-289 BC) the city suffered again for internal strife between the general population and the aristocrats. When the Carthaginians arrived in 311 BC, they met little resistance and captured the city with the help of the aristoi. In 282 BC Phintias of Agrigento, who had founded a city next to the modern Licata , destroyed ruthlessly Gela to crush forever its power. Frequently Asked Questions How long until my order is shipped? Depending on the volume of sales, it may take up to 5 business days for shipment of your order after the receipt of payment. How will I know when the order was shipped? After your order has shipped, you will be left positive feedback, and that date should be used as a basis of estimating an arrival date. USPS First Class mail takes about 3-5 business days to arrive in the U.S., international shipping times cannot be estimated as they vary from country to country. 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