Seller: aadyaliving (674) 99.7%, Location: Cambridge, New York, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 253058238538 Country/Region of Manufacture: Gabon, Provenance: Ownership History Not Available, Details: These beautiful masks come from the Fang people of Gabon and Equatorial Guinea in Africa. This one measures 15 x 8.5 inches, not including the stand that its on. I'm happy to provide additional pictures if you message me.The following information comes from the Rebirth African Art Library:The Fang people used masks in their secret societies. Members of this male society wore the Ngil masks during the initiation of new members and the persecution of wrongdoers. Masqueraders, clad in raffia costumes and attended by helpers, would materialize in the village after dark, illuminated by flickering torchlight. Masks, such as those worn by itinerant troubadours and for hunting and punishing sorcerers, are painted white with facial features outlined in black. Typical are large elongated masks covered with kaolin and featuring a face that was usually heart-shaped with a long fine nose. Apparently it have been linked with the dead, since white is their color. The Ngontang dance society also used white masks, sometimes in the form of a four-sided helmet shape with bulging forehead and eyebrows in heart-shaped arcs.They are principally hunters but also agriculturists. Their social structure is based on a clan, a group of individuals with a common ancestor. The ensemble of Fang peoples practice a cult devoted to ancestor lineages, the bieri, whose aim is to both protect themselves from the deceased and to recruit and aid in matters of daily life. This familial cult does not monopolize the Fang’s religious universe, for it coexists with other beliefs and rituals of a more collective character.The bieri, gave rise to remarkable wooden sculpture. The bieri, or ancestor figure, would be consulted when the village was to change location, or when a new crop was planted, during a palaver, or before going hunting, fishing, or to war. But once separated from the reliquary chest, the sculpted object would lose its sacred value and could be destroyed. The ritual consisted of prayers, libations, and sacrifices offered to the ancestor, whose scull would be rubbed with powder and paint each time. With its large head, long body, and short extremities, the Fang bieri had the proportion of a newborn, thus emphasizing the group’s continuity with its ancestor and with the three classes of the society: the “not-yet-born,” the living, and the dead. The relics were essentially skull fragments, or sometimes complete skulls, jawbones, teeth and small bones. The bieri also served for therapeutic rituals and, above all, for the initiation of young males during the great so festival.For more of these wonderful things check out the home section of our shop.A portion of each sale goes to support women’s craft collectives, microfinance projects in India, Africa and Afghanistan that we hand-pick and Carbon Fund to offset our carbon footprint.Thank you!Note to INTERNATIONAL BUYERS: If the shipping quote seems too high please feel free to contact me for a quote. Sometimes they calculate them too high. I don't charge any surcharge over the actual shipping.