Seller: wear-the-past (2,021) 99.7%, Location: Salisbury, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 371780182809 This is a wonderful ancient Egyptian amethyst scarab, dating to the 11th - 12th Dynasty c. 2010-1793 B.C. The scarab is beautifully carved with minimal detailing and a high polished surface, worn through aeons of time. The Scarab was an ancient and magical manifestation of the god Khepri - an early version of Ra the sun god. To the ancient Egyptians the scarab beetle rolled the sun across the sky, its name in ancient Egyptian means "to come into being". The use of scarabs made from amethyst became fashionable during the middle kingdom (c. 2055-1752 BC) though we predominantly find them in 18th dynasty contexts. Mostly amethyst scarabs do not have inscriptions, purley left with the underside being plain (since the colour was enough to delight). This particular scarab was likely created from amethyst quarried at Gebel el-Asr gneiss, a high quality source of amethyst mined during the Middle Kingdom.This amethyst scarab has been attached to a solid gold ring, by means of gold wirework. The wires pass through the scarab via the piercing, to be wrapped around the terminals. This enables the scarab to swivel on the axis, useful when in use as a signet ring to seal documents. When worn as a ring the scarab faced outward. When needed for a seal it was turned around to reveal hieroglyphs, which acted as a signature. All the signet rings from subsequent periods derive from this design.Today this wonderful scarab ring has survived in good excavated condition, it can easily be worn again today if one is so inclined!OBJECT: Scarab RingCULTURE: Ancient EgyptianDATE: c. 11th - 12th Dynasty c. 2010 - 1793 B.C. Middle KingdomMATERIAL: Gold & AmethystRING SIZE: 9 1/2 (US) S 3/4 (UK)SIZE: 22.08mm x 22.67mm x 1.98mm (scarab 7.67mm x 5.73mm x 3.77mm)WEIGHT: 1.98 gramsThis item is guaranteed authentic and dates to the period described. A written guarantee can be provided on request. We accept returns if you are not satisfied with your purchase.I am a fully qualified Archaeologist and small finds specialist. All items can be viewed in person on request at Grays, Mayfair in London. Please see my website for details. Condition: an excellent example, in good excavated condition. Part of a private collection formed during the late 70's - mid 80's in Kensington, UK., Type: Rings, Material: Gold & Amethyst , Colour: Gold, Culture: Ancient Egyptian, Date: c. 1800 B.C.