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Item:202446088607Holy Land 3000 - 2000 BC Red Jasper 30mm x 20mm This ancient spinning top appears to be a precursor to the well-known jewish game piece called the dreidel. However, instead of letters on each of the four side quadrants of the top there are ancient numerals that are very similar to Egyptian hieratic numerals found on mathematic papyrus scrolls dating to 1600 BC. Hieratic numerals in fact pre-dated hieroglyphics and were used since before the Pharaonic Dynasties of the third millennium BC. A small stick was inserted in the top hole and a string that was wrapped around the neck of the top was pulled to cause the top to spin. When the top stopped spinning it fell on one of its sides displaying one of the four numbers. The London dealer I bought this from a dozen years ago used a well-known expert in ancient seals and tablets to analyze the piece and a pic of his handwritten note is included. However, even this well-respected expert (WG Lambert) was stumped on this intriguing object because it is not in fact a container at all ~ it is a game piece and it is a very very old one. FYI, Mr. Lambert passed away just a few years ago and he will be missed. This amazing, super rare ancient top is in Very Good condition with some scattered ancient deposits and a nice silky patina covering the rest of piece. The color is a beautiful earthy ochre red which is emphasized at the tip of the top where one can see how it was polished shiny by the surface it was spun on. This is truly a 5000 year old marvel of craftsmanship and gameplay. And it would appear to be one-of-a-kind after over a dozen years of research. -------------------------- California Sales Tax is charged on all sales made within or shipped within the State of California. The only exception is for holders of a valid California State Resellers Permit, a copy of which must be made available to me in order to be exempt from the tax. California Sales Tax is not charged by me on out-of-state sales or international sales. International sales are processed through ebay's Global Shipping Program which handles all pertinent duties, fees and value added taxes. -------------------------- See my website souktopia.com for more interesting antiquities, antiques, historical collectibles, fossils, art, coins, jewelry and colored gemstones. Please contact me if you want to see an item listed on eBay.Condition:In Very Good condition with Ancient deposits and Silky patina, Material:Stone, Provenance:London Dealer
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Extremely Rare Ancient Carved Stone Spinning Top Dreidel Toy