Seller: raildocs (937) 100%, Location: Atlantic Beach, Florida, Ships to: US, Item: 182722896505 The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company Early B&O Railroad Stock Certificate No. 13269 was issued April 3, 1852 to the Thomas Spicer Jr. for 31 shares. The certificate has an embossed Corporate Seal, Vignette of early locomotive with stage coach like passenger carriage. Certificate is highly collectable and a piece of important history in the early development of B&O. It is signed by B&O President Thomas Swann who later served as Governor of Maryland and was elected to the US Senate. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad pioneered the concept of the common carrier railroad in 1827. The B&O was chartered in 1827, and construction on the main line began the next year. The first tickets for passenger excursions were sold in 1829, and the twenty-one kilometer (thirteen-mile) line from Baltimore to Ellicott Mills opened in 1830. Regular service was provided using horses for motive power, but by 1831, steam locomotives took over passenger trains, and horses were completely eliminated from freight service within the next few years. The Baltimore & Ohio was the first common carrier railroad chartered in the United States. It wasn’t the first in the world; that accolade belongs to the Stockton & Darlington and Manchester & Liverpool, both English, in 1825. The B&O sent its first engineers and financiers across the Atlantic to inspect and learn from these pioneer railways to learn the latest technology. The railroad was conceived as a means to capture western trade for the port of Baltimore.