Seller: hix.antiquitatis (697) 100%, Location: New York, New York, Ships to: US, Item: 282261752649 Celtic Iron Shield Boss and Hand Grips An ancient Celtic iron shield boss or umbo of rectangular form with a raised lentoid center, and the two iron arm and hand grips from the interior of the shield.Ca. 2nd - 1st century BC.Maximum height: 9 5/8 in. (24.3 cm).Intact. Rare. The shield dates to the Roman Republican period. It is of the Gallic type, a large oval wooden shield, which was employed both by the Romans and the Gauls in the 1st and 2nd centuries BC. Later this shield type was developed into the large rectangular Roman legionary scutum of the imperial period. Confer: P.F. Stary, 'Ursprung und Ausbreitung der eisenzeitlichen Ovalschilde mit spindelförmigem Schildbuckel,' Germania 59, (1981), 287-306, no.43; also a similar example in the Romanian Military Museum, Bucharest. Formerly in a German private collection. #4325 GUARANTEED AUTHENTIC AND AS DESCRIBED HIXENBAUGH ANCIENT ART, NEW YORK Member: Appraisers Association of America (AAA) Art and Antique Dealers League of America (AADLA) Confederation Internationale des Negociants en Oeuvres d'Art (CINOA) See our 'about me' page for our credentials and expertise. All antiquities we handle are authentic and legally acquired. Every piece is accompanied by a complete description with photo and signed guarantee of authenticity. See our web site for more examples of fine ancient art.