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CARNEGIE Brick Carnegie Brick and Pottery Co. circa 1902-11 California Redish

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Seller: ervsfinds (1,193) 100% Top-Rated Plus, Location: Mesa, Arizona, Ships to: US, Item: 201731294386 This redish brick measures 8 1/2" X 4 1/4" X 2 1/2" and is more dense than most bricks. I thought at first it was a brown enameled brick, but the color seems to be in all of the brick material. I used it as a bookend so it has a felt material on one of the 2 1/2" sides. I cannot find this particular brick on the following website but the lettering, which is 5/8" tall and spans 5" is very similar to the grayish CARNEGIE brick I have listed. The back and front sides show wire cutting marks, as shown in the 3rd and 4th photos. These two photos also show that the back side has many narrow rectangular indentations (possibly from a conveyor belt). The website shows many of the old bricks manufactured in California and has descriptions of many of the brickyards. It is probably what they describe and show as a Red Wire-Cut Brick. The brick appears more like their red paving brick but the one shown does not show wire cuts. The following is from their descriptions: Company history--When steel magnate Andrew Carnegie began donating part of his fortunes to new libraries across the country, a new brick plant was being erected in Corral Hollow Canyon, about 10 miles southeast of Tracy, in San Joaquin County, California [actually southwest between Livermore and Tracy--I lived in Tracy in the 1980s] . Four miles west of the brick works were the Tesla coal mines, where owners John and James Treadwell had supplied the much needed fuel to Californians since 1896. Now they were to realize the economic value of clay abundantly adjacent to the steeply dipping coal beds. This package of coal and clay was later called the "Tesla Formation" of Eocene Age (50 million years old). The Treadwells found the fire clay, gray clay, and kaolin to be excellent for making brick, sewer-pipe, and refractory products. This was fortunate for the Treadwells at a time when coal was losing the fuel market to oil....The kilns were Nonzone kilns, also known as the California round down-draft kilns, 32-feet in diameter with a dome roof. Each kiln had a capacity of 110,000 bricks per day. Oil burners provided the heat. Hot air was drawn from the burning kilns through the drying tunnels by a large Sturdyvant exhaust fan, seasoning 100,000 bricks in 10 hours. Four of the kilns were served by a 175-foot chimney and another set was served by a 225-foot chimney. Six of the kilns were served by a 317-foot chimney...The plant closed permanently in 1911 following a flood that knocked out the railroad and destroyed many buildings and bridges in the canyon. The stockholders did not want to invest more money into repairing and rebuilding property that was by that time under the receivership of a defunct bank. In 1912, former workers at the Stockton Fire and Enamel Brick Company shipped Tesla clay and the remaining stock of Carnegie bricks at the abandoned Carnegie yard to their plant in Stockton, where Carnegie brand-named firebrick continued to be made. On February 6, 1916, the property was auctioned to the highest bidder and competitor, the Gladding, McBean and Company, for $35,000. The following year, Gladding, McBean and Company razed the Carnegie plant and transferred the equipment to their plant at Lincoln, California. I will combine shipping with any other old brick I have listed provided you do not check out and pay until you have finished buying my listings and I send you an invoice. Shipping and handling will be calculated so that I breakeven on S&H, including PayPal fees. If you buy two they will fit in a Priority Mail Med. Flat Rate Box and the S&H will be $13.00. All of the net profits (Final price + shipping price - eBay and PayPal fees - mailing cost) will be contributed to Lutherans Outdoors in South Dakota to be used for youth camperships at any of their four camps. Condition: See photos for condition., Color: Redish, Maker: Carnegie Brick and Pottery Co., Material: Clay

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