Bactrian Stone Head From An Idol Or Princess Figure, 3Rd-2Nd Millennium Bc

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Seller: yantoalexanderfineart (11) 0%, Location: Amersfoort, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 264323901844 BACTRIAN STONE HEAD FROM AN IDOL OR PRINCESS FIGURE BACTRIA-MARGIANA, CIRCA LATE 3RD - EARLY 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. CULTURE Bactria-Margiana (BMAC) Also known as the "Oxus civilization". (Present day Turkmenistan or Afghanistan) PERIOD Late 3rd - Early 2nd Millennium B.C. MEASUREMENTS Circa 4,5 cm height. (incl. cap) Circa 2,2 cm width. (head) Circa 2,5 cm width. (cap) WEIGHT Circa 35,0 gram. MATERIAL Hat: Chlorite / Steatite. Head: Calcite limestone. CONDITION The state of preservation are in excellent condition, head and cap are full intact, no restoration. The cap is made from chlorite / steatite. The head is made of white calcite limestone and has an soft polished surface. The stone surface of the cap presents beautiful eroded, with beautiful dark brown patina. With ancient hard sediment deposits in the deep stone surface. PROVENANCE Private South East Asia Collection, K. Charoensuk, acquired 2000 up to 2019. Japanese private collection M. Yoshioka, formed around 1980 to 1995-2000, thence by descent. Acquired on the London Art Market, before 1970`s. By decent from the owners grandfather, acquired in the 1960`s. From an important collection of a Mayfair gentleman, 1950`s. DESCRIPTION Bactrian steatite stone head with hair dress cap, h. 4,5 cm, chlorite hair dress cap, white calcite limestone head. With almond shaped eyes, pointed noise, ears, and fine lips carved in natural style, soft cream color surface and slightly cleaned from surface encrustation. Dating back to Bactria-Margiana (BMAC) Also known as the "Oxus civilization". Circa late 3rd to early 2nd millennium B.C. Such piece were buried and were found in a way that the body, head and cap found closely together. Here we have only the head. Examined with a magnification of 10x to 50x by microscope. This Bactrian steatite stone head with hair dress cap, represent an head of a princes or woman. The head is composed of two separate pieces; the head and cap or hairstyle. The cap is made of chlorite- or steatite stone. The head separately carved from calcite limestone, having simple expressive facial features. The head is characterized by large, blank, oval eyes (possibly originally painted), a slightly aquiline nose, some modelling around the mouth and cheeks, and an attempt to indicate details of the ears. The thick neck ends in an oval curved base. Note: This piece pertains to an ancient culture referred to both as the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BCAM) or as the Oxus Civilisation. The Bactria-Margiana culture spread across an area encompassing the modern nations of Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Northern Afghanistan. Flourishing between about 2100 and 1700 BC, it was contemporary with the European Bronze Age, and was characterised by monumental architecture, social complexity and extremely distinctive cultural artefacts that vanish from the record a few centuries after they first appear. Pictographs on seals have been argued to indicate an independently-developed writing system. It was one of many economic and social entities in the vicinity, and was a powerful country due to the exceptional fertility and wealth of its agricultural lands. This in turn gave rise to a complex and multifaceted set of societies with specialist craftsmen who produced luxury materials such as this for the ruling and aristocratic elites. Trade appears to have been important, as Bactrian artefacts appear all over the Persian Gulf as well as in the Iranian Plateau and the Indus Valley. For this reason, the area was fought over from deep prehistory until the Mediaeval period, by the armies of Asia Minor, Greece (Macedonia), India and the Arab States, amongst others. Religion may have been based around deities represented by pieces such as this. However, they are extremely rare. A 2003 inventory calculated that there were at least thirty-eight examples of such Bactrian idols known, and although the number of examples discovered since has increased, the total number of such Bactrian idols remains relatively small. Nine examples have been found in south-eastern Turkmenistan and two more in Pakistan. Their significance is unclear. Some scholars identify them as elite members of this early society, while others consider their compelling monumentality to signify that these female figures are depictions of one (or more) goddesses. IMPORTANT INFORMATION All Works of Art offered for sale are “Guaranteed to be Authentic as Described” correspond to the given; Title, Culture and Period. The given “Guarantee of Authenticity” is valid as long as you own the piece, up to the original purchaser only and will be not transferable to any third party. All sale transactions and online bids at our auctions are placed in person and are legally binding. All auction sales are final, no refund, no exchange, no cancellation possible. Normal 0 21 false false false NL X-NONE X-NONE Condition: The state of preservation are in excellent condition, head and cap are full intact, no restoration. The cap is made from chlorite / steatite. The head is made of white calcite limestone and has an soft polished surface. The stone surface of the cap presents beautiful eroded, with beautiful dark brown patina. With ancient hard sediment deposits in the deep stone surface., Provenance: Ownership History Available, Material: Chlorite

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