Bactrian Composite Stone Seated Female Princess Figure, 3Rd-2Nd Millennium Bc

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Seller: yantoalexanderfineart (11) 0%, Location: Amersfoort, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 254428204988 A BACTRIAN COMPOSITE STONE SEATED FEMALE PRINCESS FIGURE BACTRIA-MARGIANA, CIRCA LATE 3RD - EARLY 2ND MILLENNIUM BC CULTURE Bactria-Margiana (BMAC) Also known as the "Oxus civilization". (Present day Turkmenistan or Afghanistan) PERIOD Late 3rd - Early 2nd Millennium B.C. MEASUREMENTS Circa 8,5 cm height. Circa 4,5 cm width. Circa 4,0 cm depth. WEIGHT Circa 185 gram. MATERIAL Hat: Chlorite / Steatite. Head: Calcite limestone. Soft polished surface. Body: Chlorite / Steatite. CONDITION The state of preservation and stone surface with beautiful ancient patina are excellent; body, head and cap are full intact, no restoration. The body and cap of the statuette are made from chlorite / steatite and booth are fully intact. All overall the surface is in extraordinary condition. The surface presents beautiful eroded, with beautiful dark green to brown patina. With ancient hard sediment deposits in the deep stone surface. The head is made of white calcite limestone and has an soft polished surface. The head fits perfectly on the body, the cap fits perfectly on the head. In addition, the surface patina of the body and cap are similar. This makes it very plausible that both; body, head and cap belonged originally to each other. However; a 100% certainty can be never again concluded. Such piece were buried and were found in a way that the body, head and cap found closely together. Examined with a magnification of 10x to 50x by microscope. PROVENANCE Acquired from the a German art market, Munich, 2016. German private collection formed around 2014 to 2016. Formerly in The Daniele Chiavarini Collection, London, UK, up to 2014; Acquired on the London Art Market, before 1990`s. From an important collection of a Mayfair gentleman; Acquired from a Mayfair gallery, before 1985. French private collection, acquired in the 1970`s; From a French art dealer, Paris art market. English private Family Collection since the late 1960`s; By decent from the owners grandfather, acquired in the 1950`s. DESCRIPTION A Bactrian composite stone seated female princess figure. Dating back to Bactria-Margiana (BMAC) Also known as the "Oxus civilization". Circa late 3rd to early 2nd millennium B.C. This Bactrian figure represent an seated figure of a princes or woman. The figure is composed of three separate pieces; the body, a head and cap or hairstyle. The body and cap are made of chlorite- or steatite stone. The head separately carved from calcite limestone, having simple expressive facial features. The head is characterized by large, blank, oval eyes (possibly originally painted), a slightly aquiline nose, some modelling around the mouth and cheeks, and an attempt to indicate details of the ears. The thick neck ends in a curve and sits in a shallow depression in the chlorite upper body, to form the figure of a usually seated figure. The body with fine features, wearing the typical heavy elaborate cloak decorated with vertical incised line patterns. The décolleté, which is in V-shape form. Stylistically the fabric is shaped like a kaunakes, the quintessential Mesopotamian garment made of sheepskin. This figure has horizontal and diagonal incised line pattern. By other kaunakes representations are different elements rendered as small tongues in low relief with undulating vertical and diagonal incisions, that form a chevron pattern. The body of the statuette is practically intact, and the surface is in extraordinary condition. Though there is no real evidence for the purpose and meaning of the Bactrian figurines, the fact that they were generally found in necropolis might suggest that they had a function in the funerary sphere (cult of a deity, of the deceased or of its image, a simple offering to the gods, etc.) Lot notes; According to Muscarella (p. 368 in Aruz, Benzel and Evans, Art of the First Cities, The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus), "attempts have been made to interpret these figures as deities or prominent humans, but insufficient information exists to permit a satisfactory conclusion. There is no doubt, however, that they are charged beings, physically massive but projecting a calm power and authority. For a closely related example from the Foroughi collection, now in the Louvre, see fig. 20, p. 176 and pl. 110 in Ligabue and Salvatori, eds., Bactria, an Ancient Oasis Civilization from the Sands of Afghanistan. Bactrian composite stone figure types; This type of statuette refers to the category of very distinctive objects of the prehistoric civilization of Bactria. They hardly exceed 20 centimeters height and their composite nature, with the use of two or more different materials, is characteristic of the type. This example is of remarkable artistic quality, in spite of its reduced size, and belongs to the rare group of standing (and non-seated) figurines. It can be compared to a very well-known statuette currently on display in the collection of the Louvre Museum. These composite statuettes, which rarely exceed 15-18 centimeters in height, form a category of very distinct and unique objects from the civilization of Bactria. Although no typological study has ever been undertaken, the existence of several separate groups can be mentioned: a) standing statuettes; b) statuettes seated on a visible stool (our figure belongs to this group); c) seated statuettes, without any indication of the stool, hidden by the kaunakes: this is the largest group, which includes the more stylized figurines; d) statuettes seated on the ground, with bent knees; e) statuettes with schematic, flat and triangular bodies, without indication of the bust. Iconographic affinities with Mesopotamian and Iranian objects and their distribution help us in defining their chronological framework: archaeologists agree on a date of the late 3rd millennium or the very early 2nd millennium B.C. They are therefore contemporary with other outstanding artistic productions of this region from Prehistoric times (goldwork, metal tableware, seals, etc.). CATALOGUE NOTES This composite figure and other similar figures have been associated with ancient Afghanistan, but according to Muscarella, (p. 368 in Aruz, ed., Art of the First Cities, The Third Millennium BC from the Mediterranean to the Indus, none have actually been found in Afghanistan. The first published figures were eroneously thought to come from Fars in southwestern Iran. Of the known excavated figures, at least 38 examples are known to exist, 11 have been found in southeastern Turkmenistan, and two in Pakistan. Muscarella further points out that :attempts have been made to interpret these figures as deities or prominent humans, but insufficient information exists to permit a satisfactory conclusion, there is no doubt, however, that they are charged beings, physically massive, but projecting a calm power and authority". IMPORTANT INFORMATION All Works of Art offered for sale are “Guaranteed to be Authentic as Described” correspond to the given; Title, Culture and Period. The given “Guarantee of Authenticity” is valid as long as you own the piece, up to the original purchaser only and will be not transferable to any third party. All sale transactions and online bids at our auctions are placed in person and are legally binding. All auction sales are final, no refund, no exchange, no cancellation possible. Condition: The state of preservation and stone surface with beautiful ancient patina are excellent; body, head and cap are full intact, no restoration. The body and cap of the statuette are made from chlorite / steatite and booth are fully intact. All overall the surface is in extraordinary condition. The surface presents beautiful eroded, with beautiful dark green to brown patina. With ancient hard sediment deposits in the deep stone surface. The head is made of white calcite limestone and has an soft polished surface. The head fits perfectly on the body, the cap fits perfectly on the head. In addition, the surface patina of the body and cap are similar. This makes it very plausible that both; body, head and cap belonged originally to each other. However; a 100% certainty can be never again concluded. Such piece were buried and were found in a way that the body, head and cap found closely together. Examined with a magnification of 10x to 50x by microscope., Provenance: Ownership History Available, Material: Chlorite, Bactrian: Idol, Figure, Composite, Chorite, Steatite, Neolithic: Stone, Figure, Idol

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