Bactrian Chlorite Stone Goblet Hunting Scene On The Friez, 3Rd-2Nd Millennium Bc

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Seller: yantoalexanderfineart (11) 0%, Location: Amersfoort, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 264232324263 BACTRIAN CHLORITE STONE GOBLET WITH HUNTING SCENE ON THE FRIEZE BACTRIA-MARGIANA, CIRCA LATE 3RD - EARLY 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. CULTURE Bactria-Margiana (BMAC) Also known as the "Oxus civilization". (Present day Turkmenistan or Afghanistan) PERIOD Late 3rd - Early 2nd Millennium B.C. MEASUREMENTS Circa 18,0 cm height. Circa 9,0 cm diameter. WEIGHT Circa 185,0 gram. MATERIAL Chlorite. CONDITION The state of preservation is excellent. Intact and not broken. Only a few minor chips on the edge missing. And one minor chip missing on the lower part of the foot. Furthermore in unrestored condition. With traces of sand and sediment deposits in the carving scene on the frieze. (See pictures for close inspection) PROVENANCE Acquired from the a German art market, Munich, 2016. German private collection formed around 2014 to 2016. Formerly Chiavarini Collection, London, UK, up to 2014. Acquired on the London Art Market, before 1990`s. From an important collection of a Mayfair gentleman; Acquired from a Mayfair gallery, before 1985. French private collection, acquired in the 1970`s. From a French art dealer, Paris art market. English private Family Collection since the late 1960`s. By decent from the owners grandfather, acquired in the 1950`s. DESCRIPTION An wonderful and rare Bactrian Chlorite Stone Goblet, with carved “Hunting Scene” on frieze. Dating back to circa Late 3rd-Early 2nd Millennium BC. The biggest hunter warrior in seated position, holding a slightly curved sword in his uprising left hand and a bow in his right hand. The bow pointing to two escaping ibex animals, one in running position, one in standing position. Finally the two escaping ibex animals are hunted by a second hunter warrior from the left side. The second hunter warrior in kneeling position, holds a slightly curved sword in his left hand stabbing to the ibex animal. The two ibex animals are hunted in the scene by two hunter warriors. The goblet is made of chlorite. On the stone surface you can clearly see the final production process. Based on the revolving turn marks on the stone surface, the goblet is finished on a kind of turntable. Finally the carved hunting scene was made to completely finish the goblet. This goblet is circa 18,0 cm height and the cup has an diameter of 9,0 cm. The foot is tapered up and down. Lot note: This piece pertains to an ancient culture referred to both as the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BCAM) or as the Oxus Civilisation. The Bactria-Margiana culture spread across an area encompassing the modern nations of Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Northern Afghanistan. Flourishing between about 2100 and 1700 BC, it was contemporary with the European Bronze Age, and was characterised by monumental architecture, social complexity and extremely distinctive cultural artefacts that vanish from the record a few centuries after they first appear. Pictographs on seals have been argued to indicate an independently-developed writing system. It was one of many economic and social entities in the vicinity, and was a powerful country due to the exceptional fertility and wealth of its agricultural lands. This in turn gave rise to a complex and multifaceted set of societies with specialist craftsmen who produced luxury materials such as this for the ruling and aristocratic elites. Trade appears to have been important, as Bactrian artefacts appear all over the Persian Gulf as well as in the Iranian Plateau and the Indus Valley. For this reason, the area was fought over from deep prehistory until the Mediaeval period, by the armies of Asia Minor, Greece (Macedonia), India and the Arab States, amongst others. Through local stone carvers inhabiting the regions of Margiana and Bactria experienced no shortage in material; the main raw material was soft steatite or a dark soapstone, but also various kinds of marble and white-veined alabaster. The main source for these stones, including semi-precious lapis-lazuli, was in Bactria, at Badakhshan in north-western Afghanistan, which provided material not only for the Bactrian and Margian carvers but also farther to the west into Mesopotamia, for the Assyrian kings. White- veined alabaster was indeed used for varied vessels, including small vases with disproportionately long stems and low capacity, such as the one here illustrated. Elongated alabaster chalice with splayed foot and everted flattened rim, the sides straight, the long stem slightly splayed at the base. For a comparable Bactrian example see, V. Sarianidi, Margus, Turkmenistan, 2002: p.136. IMPORTANT INFORMATION All Works of Art offered for sale are “Guaranteed to be Authentic as Described” correspond to the given; Title, Culture and Period. The given “Guarantee of Authenticity” is valid as long as you own the piece, up to the original purchaser only and will be not transferable to any third party. All sale transactions and online bids at our auctions are placed in person and are legally binding. All auction sales are final, no refund, no exchange, no cancellation possible. Condition: The state of preservation is excellent. Intact and not broken. Only a few minor chips on the edge missing. And one minor chip missing on the lower part of the foot. Furthermore in unrestored condition. With traces of sand and sediment deposits in the carving scene on the frieze. (See pictures for close inspection), Provenance: Ownership History Available, Material: Chlorite

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