Antique American Painting Falls Of St Anthony Mn Native Americans Baumer Chicago

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Seller: theprimitivefold (2,476) 100%, Location: Villa Park, Illinois, Ships to: Americas, Europe, Asia, Item: 132511262396 An antique 1870s or 1880s watercolor and gouache on board painting by German American Chicago artist Julius H. B. Baumer (1848-1917) measuring approximately 10 3/4 x 19 1/2 inches in a beautiful frame measuring approximately 14 5/8 x 23 1/4 inches. American masters Albert Bierstadt, George Catlin and Henry Lewis painted the Falls of St. Anthony as pictured here. Two Native Americans are painted perhaps symbolizing the tribes ( Dakota (Sioux) and Ojibway (Chippewa) ) living and traveling through this spiritual area. Very good condition as pictured. Great example of early Minnesota. Thanks for looking. Julius H. Baumer (1847-1917), portrait, landscape, religious, and mural painter was born in Muenster, Westphalia, and had lived in Chicago since 1869. He was employed by a church goods house in Chicago and was commissioned to paint a mural at St. Mary's school in Elmhurst. Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery may have once curated a painting as did the Elmhurst Historical Museum. Northern Illinois University held an exhibition of his work in 1990 and published: Julius H. B. Baumer: A German Artist-Craftsman in Illinois,Zeller, Terry [ Curator ] Published by Northern Illinois University Art Museum, DeKalb(1990). Elmhurst Historical Museum also exhibited his work in 1994. He died in St. Elizabeth's Hospital when he was living at 1931 Eddy Street, Chicago and is buried at St. Boniface cemetery. Sources: various/American Art Annual 1918/Northern Illinois University/ Elmhurst Historical Museum/Smithsonian/German American Artists in America A Biographical Dictionary 1997 Peter C. Merrill/findagrave/Wikipedia/ Falls of St. Anthony: Before European exploration, the falls held cultural and spiritual significance for native tribes who frequented and lived in the area. The falls was an important and sacred site to the MdewakantonDakota and they called the Mississippi River, hahawakpa, "river of the falls." The falls (Haha) themselves were given specific names, mnirara"curling waters," owahmenah "falling waters," or owamni, "whirlpool" (mniyomni in the Eastern Dakota dialect and owamniyomni in the Teton Dakota (Lakota) dialect.[6] Dakota associated the falls with legends and spirits, including Oanktehi, god of waters and evil, who lived beneath the falling water.[7] The sacred falls also enters into their oral tradition by a story of a warrior's first wife who killed herself and their two children in anguish and forlorn love for the husband who had assumed a second wife.[8] The rocky islet where the woman had pointed her canoe towards doom thus was named Spirit Island which was once a nesting ground for eagles that fed on fish below the falls. Dakota also camped on Nicollet Island upstream of the falls to fish and to tap the sugar maple trees.[9] The upper dam of St. Anthony Falls with upper lock on the left. The Third Avenue Bridge can be seen in the background. Photo taken in October 2005. Since the cataract had to be portaged, the area became one of the natural resting and trade points along the Mississippi between Dakota and Anishinaabe peoples. The Anishinaabe (Ojibwe) term was recorded as "kakabikah" (gakaabikaa, "split rock" or more descriptively, gichi-gakaabikaa, "the great severed rock" which referenced the jagged chunks of limestone constantly eroding by the falls).[6][10] In 1680, the falls became known to the Western world when they were observed and published in a journal by Father Louis Hennepin, a Catholic friar of Belgian birth, who also first published about Niagara Falls to the world's attention.[11] Hennepin named them the Chutes de Saint-Antoine or the Falls of Saint Anthony after his patron saint, Anthony of Padua.[11][12] Later explorers to document the falls include Jonathan Carver and Zebulon Montgomery Pike. Mississippi River at Minneapolis today, looking downstream. The bridge in the foreground is the Third Avenue Bridge, behind it are the Upper St Anthony Falls to the left and the upper lock and dam to the right, followed by the Stone Arch Bridge. The new I-35W Saint Anthony Falls Bridge can be seen in the background. Following the establishment of Fort Snelling in 1820, the falls became an attraction for tourists, writers and artists who sought inspiration even if Hennepin's descriptions were not as majestic as hoped for. By the 1860s, however, industrial waste had filled the area and marred the falls' majesty.[7] Further competition over the power of the falls on both banks of the river led to its eventual downfall when it partially collapsed in 1869 and was reinforced and subsequently sealed by a concrete overflow spillway (or "apron"). The area around the river was added to the National Register of Historic Places as the Saint Anthony Falls Historic District in 1971 which includes 8th Avenue Northeast extending downstream to 6th Avenue Southeast and approximately two city blocks on both shoreline.[13][14] The district's archaeological record is one of the most-endangered historic sites in Minnesota.[15] The National Register of Historic Places is facilitated by the National Park Service. The national significance of the Saint Anthony Falls Historic District is a major reason why the National Park Service's Mississippi National River and Recreation Area was established along the Mississippi River in the Minneapolis – Saint Paulmetropolitan area. A Heritage Trail plaque nearby says, "For untold generations of Indian people the Mississippi River was an important canoe route. To pass around the falls, the Dakota (Sioux) and Ojibway (Chippewa) used a well-established portage trail. Starting at a landing below the site now occupied by the steam plant, the trail climbed the bluff to this spot. From here it followed the east bank along what is now Main Street to a point well above the falls." ^ a b "Recipe for a Mill City, A Curriculum Kit for Minneapolis Third Grade Students" (PDF). Minnesota Historical Society. 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-06-25.^ a b c d e "Engineering the Falls: The Corps Role at St. Anthony Falls". U.S. Corp. of Engineers. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2007-05-18.^ Charles M. Skinner (1896). "FALLS OF ST. ANTHONY: Myths and Legends of our Own Land".^ "Twelve Thousand Years Ago". St. Anthony Falls Heritage Board. 2007.^ Susu Jeffrey (2000). "Preserve Camp Coldwater Coalition".^ a b "A History of Minneapolis". Minneapolis Public Library. Archived from the original on 2007-04-20. Retrieved 2007-05-18.^ Serge Jodra (2004). "L'exploration de l'Amérique du Nord".^ Minneapolis' official promotional site for the riverfront district^ Engineering the Falls: The Corps Role at St. Anthony Falls Archived 2012-02-05 at the Wayback Machine. - an article on the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website covering the history and geology of St. Anthony Falls.^ "10 Most Endangered Places". Preservation Alliance of Minnesota. 2008. Retrieved 2018-01-20.^ "A History of Saint Anthony Falls". 2014-07-14.^ Anfinson, Scott (1989). "Archaeology of the central minneapolis riverfront". The Institute for Minnesota Archaeology. Retrieved 2007-05-08. Condition: Brilliant colors with thinning in sky and loss to gesso frame most notably at the center top., Original/Reproduction: Original, Listed By: Dealer or Reseller, Medium: Watercolor and Gouache, Subject: Landscape, Style: Primitive, Date of Creation: 1800-1899, Region of Origin: US

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