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Angel spandrel panel Nr 713

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Seller: urbansculptures (805) 100%, Location: Iowa, Ships to: US, Item: 252418635254 Inspired by spandrel panels on the razed tenements located at... 713 thru 721 East 5th Street New York City ~ I present ~ Angel Panel Nr 713 by Randall Randall is an art scholarship recipient of Iowa Central Community College. Two casts shown with the Buff Yellow and Old Limestone Grey finishes; Please read the entire page, it contains details on finishes, shipping and many answers to the more common questions people have History of the piece and commentary on these historic works in general 713 East 5th Street on Manhattans Lower East Side had 2 angel panels along with some other sculptures that I removed around 1977. The building was built in 1893 by Joseph Schaffler. Joseph had a wife named Emily and a son named Jo Junior, they built a row of identical tenements on 5th street, No's 713, 715, 717, 719 and 721. Of the five, two remain today, here are No's 719 and 721 around 1977 Original 1893 terra cotta spandrel panel used as a visual to create my own version of this charming piece; My suggested finish on this model is the Buff Yellow which as you can see is the more authentic finish to the original. By around the 1910s these tenement buildings were no longer built, and with their demise also went a considerable amount of these keystones and other Victorian era ornaments that were designed to decorate these small buildings. Soon, with architects like Sullivan, Wright and others came the more streamlined facades, the Art Deco period, taller, wider and having only accents here and there on the facade, and finally the entire architectural terra cotta industry as it existed- over 100 companies built up solely around the concept of decorating building facades- were largely gone and defunct by WWll Please read the entire auction page, it contains details on finishes, shipping and many answers to the questions most people have! Quick Navigation Menu; Sculpture's history Building's history General information Measurements- weight Finishes available Shipping Displaying Copyrights notice Other items from the Urban Sculptures Collection Ebay About ME page History of the original piece used for inspiration for my clay model. 713 East 5th Street on Manhattans Lower East Side had 2 angel panels along with some other sculptures that I removed around 1977, back then this entire block was abandoned between Avenue C and Avenue D. A row of five identical buildings on lots No. 713, 715, 717, 719 and 721 East 5th street were built in 1893 by Joseph Schaffler. Joseph had a wife named Emily and a son named Jo Junior according to city records. Of the five 1893 buildings, two (No. 715 and 717) remain today- surrounded by new low-rise apartment buildings. Here is a photo of No's 719 and 721 taken around 1977, one hole I left in the facade on the top floor center to remove a grotesque keystone can be seen, the triangular griffin spandrel panel below it can also be seen and had been removed after the photo was taken- a photo of that group on the wall in my Brooklyn loft is further below noted by the blue arrow The unusual salmon colored terra cotta angel panels were under the two windows on the top floor- hidden by the fire escape balconies and shadows in this photo; One of the original 1893 angel panels on a shelf in my storage loft, circ 1980; Some interesting history about the buildings these ornaments were used onSkip this italic section if you don't want to read a history lesson about the buildings these types of ornaments came from! Portion of a full page article by a local newspaper on my work, for an artist reception at a local museum. By around the 1910's these tenement buildings were no longer built, and with their demise also went a considerable amount of these keystones and other Victorian era ornaments that were designed to decorate these small buildings, the designs used were very unique to this type of building, post 1910 apartment buildings became much larger and much taller, they were also decorated but the style and designs were different and considerably larger scaled. They keystones and spandrel panels on the tenements were designed specifically for 5 to 7 story tenements usually 25 feet wide on a lot 4 bays (windows) across. As a result most of these buildings only had a maximum of 4 keystones on each of the upper floors, and at most 4 spandrel panels under each window sill. Many of the standard designs were available commercially from a "catalogue" of sorts, while others were designed by the building's architect working with rough sketches or drawings provided to a sculptor at a terra-cotta firm- those designs were usually made for that ONE building. A number of my clients are amazed at these sculptures and those in the South usually say their area building have nothing like these, so I thought a little history would be of interest and add interest; The period spanning circa 1880 to about 1901 saw a rapid growth and amazing rates of construction of new inexpensive to build walk-up tenement apartment buildings in New York City. By the 1920's there were an estimated 100,000 of these little walk-up buildings, and their average cost to build around the year 1900 was about $22,000. These were cheap enough to build that many were build by single owner landlords through a variety of loan schemes, speculation and cheap mortgages. It also helped that they could pack in ~several~ families or a family and borders into single 2 room apartments, 4 apartment per floor, do little maintenance and just collect rents. These tenements were typically 5 or 6 floor walkups, and their construction was rapidly closing in on the remaining vacant lands, farms, fields, vacant land, lots, mansions and single family homes that existed. This area and similar neighborhoods such as Harlem, the South Bronx and Brooklyn quickly became a ghetto or slum, landlords walked away in the depression era, later, drugs, gangs, crime and worse strangled the neighborhoods as the last of the upper middle class fled Harlem, and poor people in the other neighborhoods moved to other areas when they were forced out by land speculators and city forclosures condeming these buildings by the hundreds. With the 1901 building code change- requiring of all things- more windows, more light, ventilation, more open space, toilets on EVERY floor no more back alley outhouses, hot and cold running water in EVERY apartment- the floor plan of these pre 1901 tenements was no longer "legal" (though back then many simply ignored the laws and built as they felt like, bribery, kickbacks, corruption and worse in the NYC buildings department was rampant) but WITH the change came an important event- single owner landlords could no longer afford to build them and that left only the larger speculators who could afford to erect 6-12 of these in a row to turn a profit on the entire block as a unit. Soon however, by around the 1910's this form of apartment building ceased to exist due to costs, and code requirements which were now finally- being enforced. This period of time; 1880-1901 as well as this particular city above all, and the fact that it was THE destination for the throngs of newly arriving destitute Jewish, Italian, German, Norweigian immigrant families all converged in an unusual way.Immigrants from countries such as Italy, Germany, Ukraine, Russia and many others meant all of these new residents needed housing, and it had to be CHEAP because of the situation- destitute immigrants looking for work, most of whom couldn't speak Enlish. As a result, apartments typically housed several families AND singles who paid room and board and slept on the floor or where ever they could find a spot. Many of these apartments were also used during the day by the tenants AND their children as "sweat shops" scraping a living working 20 hours a day, 7 days a week sewing piece goods, shirtwasts and other garments for middlemen who paid by the piece not the hour. 1901 was also about the time the general public became acutely much more aware of the daily plight of all of these people living in sub standard housing with no hot water, no indoor plumbing, no protection from shyster landlords etc., this came about largely due to Jacob Riis' photo book; "How the other half lives" (available free as an ebook on the project Guttenberg web site) as well as Lewis Hein's work. In the 30's public housing projects began to replace hundreds of these "old law" pre 1901 tenements, this became another bloated ill conceived Govt project which wound up displacing the poorest tenants, demolishing their apartments, building new high rise apartments and the rents wound up being more than these people could PAY. This as well as losses from age and death caused a massive shift of the makeup of the population in these slums, from the formerly mostly Jewish, German, Norweigian, Italians to the newly immigrating Domincan Republic, Puerto Rico, African-American and other Spanish-speaking people. Entire neighborhoods were totally changed within a decade! By the 1970's the situation was again dire, landlords abandoning buildings in droves due to the city demanding taxes be paid within one year, more building code requirements, higher insurance costs etc and still low rents held low by rent control laws. Drugs, crime, gangs, arson for hire for insurance money, and more caused the destruction and abandonment of over 500 buildings on the Lower East side alone, most of these were demolished by the early 70's but hundreds more joined them in the 80's till once more the situation changed, the population shifted, the city changed it's policies and as a result in the 1990's new construction began, new chic stores, galleries and gentrification fueled by cheap land prices and other neighborhoods having maxed out or becomming too expensive- $3500 a month for an apartment for example, while one on the Lower East side was under $200. These beautifully decorated facades covered up and hid the horrid conditions of the apartments and tenants behind them, here are a few photos showing this; L-R Lower East side, Manhattan, tenement living conditions as it WAS- post 1901 even with "improvements" the law brought about: Rear tenement bedroom, Italian family 1910 "Homework" 1912 style- child labor taking home fabric for sewing garments after school Tenement family assembling artificial flowers -piece work for pennies, Feb 1911 GENERAL INFORMATION The sculpture is a wall hanging piece and comes with a bar hook in the back. It really is a charming and very interesting piece of Victorian art. General information etc applicable to all of my sculptures NOTE: My standard cast-stone is for INTERIOR OR UNDER A COVERED PORCH/SUN ROOM ONLY! Out in the garden they might last 4 or 5 years, maybe longer before showing weathering damage. If you are looking for something to place in the garden or build into a wall, I offer concrete as a special order item which takes approx 3 weeks. Not all pieces are available in concrete, inquire before ordering. All of these sculptures have a heavy wire embedded on the back to hang them on the wall. I own the originals, copyrights in most cases, and the molds, I can produce any quantity and custom configurations as well. All of my sculptures are personally hand-cast in my home studio , they are signed, numbered and dated. These are finished to order at the time of purchase. MEASUREMENTS Angel panel is a nominal 21" long, 10-3/4" high and weighs aprox 20-25 pounds FINISHES AVAILABLEFinishes are YOUR CHOICE which you want on your sculpture regardless of which is shown in the picture gallery. I offer 5 different finishes, on certain pieces- 2 metallics are standard. They vary from piece to piece, and actual colors displayed on your monitor will vary as well. From left to right they are; Old Dirty Bronze (metallic) Old Dirty Nickel (metallic) Dirty limestone grey- varies from near black to very light grey. Buff yellow. Red terra cotta. SHIPPING I use FedEx ground service for all shipments in the lower 48 states. I do not ship outside the US! COPYRIGHT NOTICE:Designs in the Urban Sculptures Collection are copyrighted with all rights reserved, this includes reproductions of antique pieces upon which I made certain modifications, alterations or changes- the changes are copyright and reproduction of same would constitute copyright infringement. I do not sell molds, nor casts for others to replicate and will enforce my proprietary rights. I reserve the right to decline sales to anyone. Original clay models by Randall (and casts made from them) all carry my impressed model numbers, dog paw-print logo, date of creation and signature on one of the sides similar to the photo below of the top of D4. Additionally; the casting number and casting date are inscribed by hand on the back of every cast. The (C) is no longer required and is optional. HANGING OR DISPLAYQUESTION: Aren't these too heavy for my plasterboard wall Randall?By no means! keep in mind- your walls weigh thousands of pounds and support the roof, they are built to support weight.HOWEVER- do not use plastic or self adhesive picture hangars of any kind, or try to simply put a screw into the thin sheetrock- these will not hold and are not designed to. The key is to install your mounting hooks or other hangars into the solid wood STUD inside the wall, these are typically spaced 16" center to center around the room. You should use an anchor rated to hold at least twice the shipping weight of the sculpture. To show proof of what a sheetrock wall can hold, here is a photo of two shelves I installed on my bedroom wall for original sculptures that I couldn't mount any other way, the brackets are screwed into the wall studs with 3" screws and there are two heavy angle irons 5/16" thick steel behind the shelves that are invisible.Total weight for the stone and terra-cotta shown- the top shelf is 175# and 125# for the lower shelf- 300# total; Here is one more photo, three of my casts shown mounted on another wall in the bedroom- Art Deco D3, Nr 649 Pan center, and Nr. 120 "Elizabeth" panel- these are likewise installed with hangars screwed into the solid wood STUDS on the sheetrock wall- 150# approximately; Randall featured in the New York Times Sunday May 20th, 2007 City section Pg CY9 Article in Lost Magazine,Oct 2007 by Randall Article on my work in the Blanden Memorial Fine Art Museum's quarterly magazine in Ft Dodge, where a dozen of my works are being exhibited for three months, and a quick photo of part of the display there; A sampling of over 50 sculptures in Randall's Urban Sculptures Collection Nr.295 Nr.137 Questions? need more information, photos? help with your personal decorating project? talk to me! use the "contact seller link." NOTE: I ALWAYS reply to ALL inquiries and emails within 24 hours if not much sooner.Randall, Owner and webmaster of Randall's Urban Sculptures web gallery, and sculpture studio. A historical photo essay of lost buildings from NYC's architectural history. All photos and accompanying text are (C) Randall's Urban Sculptures, all rights reserved. Color: Choice of any finish I do, Material: Interior cast stone, concrete available +10%

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