Seller: burri2 (1,761) 100%, Location: New York, New York, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 323635319703 ANCIENT EGYPTIAN FAIENCE DJED AMULET LATE PERIOD, c. 26th DYNASTY, 600-300 BC Dimensions 1 3/4" high x 3/4" wide (widest point) x 1/4" thick Provenance Purchased 13 years ago (2005) from Sadigh Gallery of Ancient Art Inc. @ 303 5th Avenue, New York City. Auction includes original Certificate of Authenticity, shown in Scan no. 5, and Sketch of Hieroglyphics on amulet, shown in Scan no. 4 Description Genuine certified authentic faience Djed amulet, nicely balanced, 2,300-2,600 years old, with remnants of turquoise glaze and a short vertical row of hieroglyphics incorporating what appears to be the Solar Disk (Ra), the Feather of Maat (truth), a basket (lord), and an owl (wisdom), as indicated by the sketch in Scan no. 4. A hole drilled through the upper end of the piece (see Scan 3) indicates it was once worn as a necklace, or as part of a charm bracelet. Speculating, the text on this piece may be translated as follows: "Truth and Wisdom shine and flourish in the light of the Lord Ra." Mythology The djed is one of the most ancient of symbols in Egyptian mythology, meaning stability and strength. It is shaped generally like a pillar or column, and is associated with Ptah, the creator god, but more closely with Osiris, the god of the dead and the underworld, whose spine is that which the djed represents. * * * Set, the envious brother of Osiris, showed the latter a beautiful cedar chest or coffin and tricked him into trying it out for size, promising that if it fit, he could have it. Once Osiris was in it, Set locked the lid and threw it into the Nile. The chest drifted ashore in Byblos, and was enclosed in a tree that grew around it. The king of the land cut the tree down and shaped it into a pillar for his palace, unaware that it contained Osiris' body. Isis, Osiris' sister, learned where her brother was, purchased the pillar, and once back in Egypt set her brother's body free. But Set cut it up into fourteen parts and threw them into the river. Isis was able to find only thirteen parts, since the fishes had eaten one, though exactly what part is open to question. History Third Intermediate Period (1070-664 B.C.)---This period began with the death of King Ramesses XI and embraced the 21st-24th Dynasties during which period Egypt split in two. “Military men seized authority in Upper Egypt by taking over the priesthood of Amen, while a dynasty of merchant kings took control of the delta, in Lower Egypt. Next, dynasties of Libyan descent ruled all of Egypt until they were in turn usurped by the armies of Nubia.” [Pharoahs of the 21st Dyn. included Pasebkhanut I (at Tanis) and Men-Kheper-Ra (at Thebes). 22nd Dyn. included Shashanq I and Uasarken I. 23rd Dyn. included Peta-Bast and Uasarken IV. 24th Dyn. included Bocchoris. Late Period (664-332 B.C.)--25th-31st Dyn. The Djed amulet described above was made during this dynastic period, probably before the Persian era. “Kings of the 25th Dynasty wore a duel uraeus on their crowns symbolizing the combined rule of Egypt and Nubia. [Pharaohs of the 25th Dyn. included Piye, Shabaka, Taharqa.] During the seventh century B.C. Assyrians penetrated Egypt destroying its great cities, A new Egyptian-based dynasty, the 26th, under the Saite kings, rose to power in the aftermath, encouraging commerce and the arts during a brief interlude of tranquility.” [Pharaohs of the 26th Dyn. included Psemthek I (Psammetichus), Nekau (Necho), Psemthek II, Uahab-Ra (Hophra), Aaahmes II (Amasis), and Psemthek III.] “In 525 B.C. Persians stormed the country’s borders folding Egypt into the Persian Empire and founded the 27th Dynasty. [Persian rulers included Cambyses, Darius I, Xerxes I, Artaxerxes, Darius II] The 28th through the 30th dynasties saw the last independent Egyptian rulers, including Nekhtharheb, the last native pharoah. Then the resurgent Persians [Darius III of the 31st Dyn.] destroyed Egyptian independence once and for all. But even mighty Persia was defenseless against Alexander the Great, who conquered the Persian Empire---and Egypt---in 332 B.C., signaling the approaching end of the epic civilization.” See Egypt: Land of the Pharoahs, By the Editors of Time-Life Books (1992), p. 159. Bidding, Payment and Shipping Info Bidding: Bidders must have at least 99% positive feedback for the past 12 months, and at least 50 transactions---if not, your bid might be cancelled. Payment: Paypal only. Payment must be received 3 days after auction closes, or sooner. Shipping: $7.00 Priority mail Small Flat-Rate box in the U.S. Size: Small (up to 12in.), Style: Ancient Art, Listed By: Dealer or Reseller, Quantity Type: Single-Piece Work, Medium: faience, Date of Creation: 600-300 BC, Width (Inches): 3/4", Subject: EGYPT, Originality: Original, Height (Inches): 1 3/4"