ANTIQUE 17-18th CENTURY LARGE "OLD BELIEVERS" ORTHODOX ORNATE "SUN" CROSS

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Seller: godblessyou21 (796) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202514576168 Gorgeous, well preserved, antique large Russian Orthodox pectoral Cross pendant featuring a traditional early "Old Believers" ornate design, with the center of the cross surrounded by an ornamental circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun" cross and words of a prayer based on the Psalm 68 of David. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, decorated with partially preserved enamel inlays (appear to be predominantly white). Slightly bent and mildly worn out according to its age, covered with patches of original dark green patina. There is a small crack on the reverse of the bottom vertical crossbar. Origin likely late 17th to 18th century Russian North (Pomorian community of the "Priestless Old Believers"). The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith, this Cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition. The Pomorian community also known as "Pomortsy" was founded in late 17th century in the Russian Northern region of Karelia on the banks of the Vyg river. The "Pomortsy" Old Believers soon became famous for their most beautiful, detailed cast copper artwork, such as Orthodox "body" crosses and icons, often decorated with enamels of various colors similar to those preserved on this Cross. The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The ends of the crossbars are made in the shapes of "boxes" incorporating abbreviations made with Cyrillic letters. The top "boxed" end of the vertical crossbar incorporates the larger, two-word, abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The space around the vertical crossbar of the Suppedaneum Cross is filled with the words of the Orthodox Prayer in Church Slavonic based on the Psalm 68 meaning "MAY GOD ARISE AND MAY HIS ENEMIES BE SCATTERED...". The words of the prayer are very well preserved and identifiable. This psalm-based prayer is traditionally inscribed on the reverse of the Old Believers' Orthodox body (Baptism) cross pendants, meaning to provide protection of the faithful cross-bearer against the evil spirits (God's enemies), and thereby is considered a version of the Exorcism prayer. The words are well preserved and identifiable. The side "boxed" ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as Baptism, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. A small image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The Christ's victory is also reflected in the ancient Greek symbol "NIKA" ("VICTORIOUS") inscribed in the bottom end of the vertical crossbar just below the skull image as a "boxed" three letter abbreviation in Cyrillic letters "HKA". The center of the cross is surrounded by a circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or a Celtic cross. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams symbolizing the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. Alternatively, they might symbolize the rays of light coming from the glorious Holy Cross of the Savior. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, also known as "Saltire"). The reverse bears a complex floral, vine-like ornament traditionally placed on the Eastern Orthodox crosses and medals to make a symbolic representation of a new growth coming from the Life-Giving Cross, and as a reminder of Christ's preaching according to the Saint John's Gospel: "I am the vine; you are the branches" (John 15:5). Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Gorgeous, well preserved, antique large Russian Orthodox pectoral Cross pendant featuring a traditional early "Old Believers" ornate design, with the center of the cross surrounded by an ornamental circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun" cross and words of a prayer based on the Psalm 68 of David. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, decorated with partially preserved enamel inlays (appear to be predominantly white). Slightly bent and mildly worn out according to its age, covered with patches of original dark green patina. There is a small crack on the reverse of the bottom vertical crossbar. Origin likely late 17th to 18th century Russian North (Pomorian community of the "Priestless Old Believers"). The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith, this Cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, enamel, Featured Refinements: Antique Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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