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Item:383179072894This ancient antiquity is a Chupícuaro head fragment from a Chupícuaro fertility effigy. I bought this in San Miguel, Mexico (located in the far eastern part of the state of Guanajuato) at an estate sale in the early 1970s when I was living there during the summer. The pre-classical Mesoamerican period head measures 1 1/2 x 3/4 x ½ inch depth. The nose area is chipped and the clear stuff on the back is glue as it was once glued to a velvet display. Stand not included. Chupícuaro (a pre-Horizon culture) fertility effigies were placed into the dirt by a Chupícuaro farmer during the planting season to appease the goods to insure a bountiful harvest. Subsequently, after centuries of being plowed or tilled over, the heads usually break off from the bodies. Chupícuaro Excerpt from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Chupícuaro culture was located in the mountains of central Mexico and is named for the area in which the artifacts have been found. It is an important pre-Hispanic archeological site from the late pre-classical or formative period; located west of the Mexican Plateau, on the hills nearby the Lerma River and its tributary Coroneo or Tiger River; which currently under water because of the Solis dam, just 7 kilometers from Acamaro in the Guanajuato State, near the Michoacán State border in Mexico Little is known about the history of this site, and it was not until 1946, due to a dam construction, that the first explorations were performed, discovering pottery objects and tombs. The place is currently below dam water, although there are surrounding areas still being explored. According to several sources, it is believed that this settlement developed between 500 BC and 300 AD, although some scientists suggest an older development, as far back as 800 BC. Establishing a firm chronology for Chupícuaro has been very problematic, due to a lack of stratigraphic excavations and reliable C14 dates. Recent research in the area, however, has produced new data (based on stratigraphy at the La Tronera, Guanajuato, site and several C14 dates), that suggest a chronological placement for Chupícuaro between ca. 400 and 100 B.C. (Darras and Faugere 2004).SHIPPING IS VIA USPS 1st CLASS INSURED MAIL FOR THE CONTINENTAL US ONLY. NO INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING. VIEW my other FINE ART auctions on eBayand VISIT HOUSEHOLD-ARTIFACTS on eBayKindly pay within 3 days of AUCTION close. Thank you for your interest!Condition:See photos and description., Material:Terracota, Provenance:Ownership History Available
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400 BCE -100 BCE pre-Columbian MEXICO preHorizon CHUPICUARO effigy HEAD fragment