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1894 Dawn of Astronomy/Lockyer/1st/Archaeology/Egypt/Pyramids/Ill/Foldout Map/NF

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Seller: fabricius (5,349) 100%, Location: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 123211435272 A Classic of Astronomy and Archaeolgy THE DAWN OF ASTRONOMY by J.Norman Lockyer Groundbreaking work on Egyptian Temple Alignments with the Stars, a pioneering work in archaeoastronomy. First London Edition, 1894. Original binding excellent condition. Many illustrations Description: J. Norman Lockyer THE DAWN OF ASTRONOMY: A Study of the Temple-Worship and Mythology of the Ancient Egyptians. 1894; London: Cassell and Company, Limited; 7 x 9.5 in 432 pp plus several pages of ads; Illustrated with 118 engravings and a foldout map of the temples at Karnak. Condition: Hardbound in original heavy dark brown cloth with gilt title on spine and cover.Top page edges gilt. Very slight fading of spine. Very slight wear to bottom corners and spine bottom. Former owner's name on flyleaf. Front hinge cracked inside but still very well attached. Otherwise practically no handling or shelf wear-interior and exterior clean, tightly bound, and unmarked throughout. Near fine condition with noted flaws-a very handsome copy of this scarce edition. Information: We are very pleased to offer this classic book, describing the work done by the influential Victorian astronomer Lockyer in investigating the astronomical alignments of temples in Egypt. Among the many chapters are: Worship of the sun and the dawn; First Glimpses of Egyptian Astronomy; The astronomical basis of the Egyptian pantheon; The Two Horizons; The yearly path of the sun god; The Probable Hor-shesu worskhop; Methods of determining the orientation of temples; The Earliest Solar Shrines in Egypt; Other Similar Shrines Elsewhere; The Solar Temple of Amen Ra at Karnak; The Age of the Temple of Amen Ra at Karnak; The Stars--Their Risings and Settings; The Egyptian Heavens--The zodiacs of Denderah; The circumpolar constellations and the myth of horus; Temples directed to the stars; Further Inquiries with Regard to the Stellar Temples; The Building Inscriptions; The Star Temples at Karnak; The Personification of Stars--The Temple of Isis at Denderah; The Personification of Stars--The Temple of Hathor at Denderah; Star-Cults; Amen-T and Khons; The Egyptian Year and the Nile; The Years of 360 and 365 days; The Vague and Sirian Years; The Sothic Cycle and the Use Made of It;The Calendar and its Revisions; The Fixed Year and Festival Calendars; The Mythology of Isis and Osiris; The Temple Stars; The History of Sun Workshop at Annu and Thebes, The Early Temple and Great Pyramid Builders; The Cult of Northern as Opposed to Southern Stars; The Origin of Egyptian Astronomy--The Northern and the Thebes Schools; General Conclusions as to the North and South Races; Egyptian and Babylonian Constellations, The Influence of Egypt upon Temple-Orientation in Greece. An important work that merits a place in any fine library on astronomy, astrophysics, history of science, archaeology, mythology, egyptology, antiquities, anthropology, history of religion, etc. Biographical Note: Sir Joseph Norman Lockyer, FRS (1836 – 1920), known simply as Norman Lockyer, was an English scientist and astronomer. Lockyer, born the son of a surgeon-apothecary at Rugby in the English Midlands, started his career as a civil servant. He turned to astronomy and taught at the Royal College of Science, becoming director of the solar physics observatory and professor of astronomical physics from 1890 to 1901. He was one of the founders and the first editor of the British periodical Nature. He made many eclipse trips and played a leading role in attempts to reorganize the structure of British science. He wrote numerous books on popular science and virtually created the new discipline of astroarchaeology. Lockyer was knighted in 1897. The spectroscopic work of Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff so stimulated Lockyer that he moved from traditional astronomy to spectral studies. He worked mainly on the Sun, publishing The Chemistry of the Sun in 1887. He investigated sunspots and solar prominences discovering, with Pierre Janssen in 1868, that they could be observed spectroscopically in daylight without an eclipse. He also successfully identified the spectral line observed by Janssen in the 1868 eclipse as being an unknown element (found, he thought, only in the Sun), which he proposed to name helium (from the Greek for Sun: helios). His supposition about the existence of the element was confirmed in 1895 when William Ramsay isolated it from gases in the atmosphere. In 1873 Lockyer published his theory of dissociation to explain the appearance of further unfamiliar spectral lines. William Huggins had found a new bright line in the spectra of nebulae and thought it could be a new substance that he proposed to call ‘nebulium’. Lockyer argued instead that it could be an earthly element that had ‘dissociated’ into simpler substances under conditions of great heat and temperature, producing unrecognizable spectral lines. It was, however, difficult to make much sense of this view until the discovery of the electron some 20 years later and the correct explanation for the new spectral lines was not to be provided until the next century (by Ira Bowen). In 1894 Lockyer published The Dawn of Astronomy, the book for sale here. It was the first classic of what has since been called astroarchaeology, and in 1906 he produced Stonehenge and Other British Monuments Astronomically Considered. His aim in these works was to establish (without, of course, the benefit of computer and TV camera) that many ancient buildings were astronomically aligned. He did a good deal of field work, paying regular trips to Egypt and Greece as well as to the standing stones of Britain. Not the least of his achievements was the creation of a new type of scientific periodical with Nature in 1869. It was by no means obvious that Nature would survive and it owes much to Lockyer's half century of editorship. The virtues of Nature were in fact the virtues of Lockyer himself – it relished controversy, was tolerant of a wide range of scientific views, and was quick to publish scientific results. Shipping: Free shipping in US. Higher international postage as appropriate, (See Shipping and Payments tab on this listing page for further information). We make every attempt to describe items clearly and completely. Please read our listings carefully, inspect posted images of the item, and let us know if you have any questions before you bid. All buyers must pay according to Ebay policies. If you have any questions about this, please email me. International bidders should contact me for a quote on shipping before bidding. Import duties, taxes and charges are not included in the item price or shipping charges. These charges are the buyer's responsibility. Please check with your country's customs office to determine what these additional costs will be prior to bidding/buying. Condition: Hardbound in original heavy dark brown cloth with gilt title on spine and cover.Top page edges gilt. Very slight fading of spine. Very slight wear to bottom corners and spine bottom. Former owner's name on flyleaf. Front hinge cracked inside but still very well attached. Otherwise practically no handling or shelf wear-interior and exterior clean, tightly bound, and unmarked throughout. Near fine condition with noted flaws-a very handsome copy of this scarce edition., Year Printed: 1894, Country/Region of Manufacture: United Kingdom, Topic: Astronomy, Binding: Hardcover, Origin: UK, Author: J. Norman Lockyer, Subject: Science & Medicine, Original/Facsimile: Original, Language: English, Publisher: Cassell and Company, Limited, Place of Publication: London, Special Attributes: 1st Edition

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