Fort Johnson was erected in the year 1704 under the command of English Governor Nathaniel Johnson. The colony was dramatically affected by the growing tensions between the British and the Spanish, and Gov. Johnson wanted to ensure protection of the Charles Town harbor.
During the Stamp Act crisis, residents of the colony were angry about the implementation of the offensive stamp rule, and Governor William Bull sent all the stamps to Fort Johnson to be protected. The stamps remained there until Parliament revoked the Stamp Act and the populace was appeased.
Although For t Johnson did not play a significant role in the Revolutionary War, activity at the Fort did have an impact on the development of the South Carolina state flag. The colonial troops were given a flag designed by Governor Moultrie to take with them to battle. Moultrie chose the dark blue color of his troops' uniforms for the background of the flag, and placed the crescent moon of his troops' hats as the center object on the flag. The victory of the colonial troops led to the creation of the flag of the state of South Carolina, and the palmetto was added in honor of the famous resistance at Fort Moultrie across the harbor.
The fort was abandoned from 1800 to 1807. With the threat of the War of 1812, Fort Johnson was re-established with two new batteries. They were, however, destroyed by a hurricane in 1813.
Fort Johnson is best remembered for hosting the first mortar shell shot fired upon Fort Sumter during the Civil War.
Col. Richard Dennis (1771-1845)..Colonel Richard Dennis served in the Revolutionary War, later when the war of 1812 broke out, Richard Dennis was lieutenant colonel of 16th Inf. U. S. A. and still later he was promoted to colonel of 18th Inf. U. S. A.
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