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VERY RARE Ancient Roman Cosmic Bronze Ring of "Julius Caesar's Comet" in 44 BC!

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Seller: houghton-usa (1,298) 100%, Location: Sequim, Washington, Ships to: US, Item: 252638935236 ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS Artifacts, Antiques & Fine Collectibles Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE This RARE and unique Roman bronze ring represents a comet that was visible four months after the assassination of Julius Caesar as he walked to the Roman Senate on March 15, 44 BC. It has an image of the Sun engraved in the center with the Sun's rays surrounding it, with a single line above the Sun that symbolizing the tail of the comet and a small mark to delineate the comet. The ring’s face even has the “tear-drop” shape of a comet that measures about 13.62 mm long x 10.68 wide! AMAZING! This ring fragment weighs only about 3 grams and as you can see in the photo # 7, is missing about one-half of the ring’s band due to an ancient break. It is a museum quality item that is for display only. This ring was a recent metal detector find in England and was likely owned by a Roman soldier or statesman that was loyal to Caesar and to his heir, Augustus Caesar. This is the first time it has been documented as a ring honoring Julius Caesar’s Comet and offered to collectors and museums for private sale. This Julius Caesar Comet ring is extremely unique and is one of only a few such items that remain in existence. It is incredibly RARE and Highly Collectible! Many Romans believed that the appearance of this brilliant comet four months after Caesar’s assassination was a cosmic sign from the gods that his soul had entered into the Heavens. For decades after its appearance, Caesar’s adopted son and heir, Augustus Caesar, used the appearance of this comet as a propaganda tool to regain power. Augustus was able to establish his authority, dispense with the conspirators, and then—patiently and ruthlessly—assume total control of the vast Rome Empire. Octavian eventually renamed himself Augustus Caesar and had a coin struck in 19 B.C. with his likeness on one side and the great comet on the other. Thus, Caesar’s Comet has long been attributed to the successful reign of Augustus and his descendants. This ring is unique in documenting just how far the “Cult of Caesar” extended—to the eastern edge of the Roman Empire--Britain. Brief History of “Caesar’s Comet” {Courtesy of Wikipedia and other public sources} “Caesar's Comet” (numerical designation C/-43 K1) – also known as “Comet Caesar” and the “Great Comet of 44 BC” – was perhaps the most famous comet of antiquity. The seven-day visitation was interpreted by Romans as a sign of the deification of recently assassinated emperor, Julius Caesar (100 BC–44 BC), who died on March 15, 44 BC during the Ides of March. Caesar's Comet was known to ancient writers as the Sidus Iulium ("Julian Star") or Caesaris astrum ("Star of Caesar"). The bright, daylight-visible comet appeared suddenly during the festival known as the Ludi Victoriae Caesaris. Ancient stargazers recorded the appearance of dozens of bright comets. These visiting “stars”, which appeared out of nowhere and caused widespread terror, were often taken as omens and signs of doom or great change. So it was a great historical coincidence that one of the brightest comets in recorded history marked a truly traumatic event– the death of one of the most important statesmen in history, Julius Caesar, in 44 B.C. Modern research has confirmed that the comet appeared in late July 44 BC, some four months after the assassination of Julius Caesar, as well as Caesar's own birth month. According to Suetonius, as celebrations were getting underway, "... A comet shone for seven successive days, rising about the eleventh hour, and was believed to be the soul of Caesar." Caesar was immensely popular with the common people of Rome. So his death was marked by a near-riotous funeral with stirring speeches and a public cremation. It was followed four months later by traditional funeral games, the Ludi Victoriae Caesaris. During these games, in late July 44 B.C., a shockingly bright comet appeared in the heavens. According to the Roman historian Suetonius, as celebrations commenced, “...a comet shone for seven successive days, rising about the eleventh hour, and was believed to be the soul of Caesar.” Current research suggests that Caesar's Comet was one of only five comets known to have had a negative absolute magnitude and may have been the brightest daylight comet in recorded history. It was not periodic and may have disintegrated. This awed many common Roman citizens. Caesar himself claimed divine status and his family claimed lineage to Aeneus, the legendary founder of Rome, and to the goddess Venus herself. So the appearance of a brilliant comet in the heavens was unnerving for all, and especially for Brutus, Cassius, and the other senatorial conspirators who murdered the great Caesar. It was also a great propaganda tool for Caesar’s heir and adopted nephew Octavian. Octavian set about, over the next thirteen years, establishing his authority, dispensing with the conspirators and then, patiently and ruthlessly, assuming total control of Rome. Octavian eventually renamed himself Augustus Caesar and had a coin struck in 19 B.C. with his likeness on one side and the great comet on the other. The Comet became a powerful symbol in the political propaganda that launched the career of Caesar's great-nephew (and adoptive son) Augustus. The Temple of Divus Iulius (Temple of the Deified Julius) was built (42 BC) and dedicated (29 BC) by Augustus for purposes of fostering a "Cult of the Comet". (It was also known as the "Temple of the Comet Star".) At the back of the temple a huge image of Caesar was erected and, according to Ovid, a flaming comet was affixed to its forehead. Modern scholarship In 1997, two scholars at the University of Illinois at Chicago – John T. Ramsey (a classicist) and A. Lewis Licht (a physicist) – published a book comparing astronomical/astrological evidence from both Han China and Rome. Their analysis, based on historical eye-witness accounts, Chinese astronomical records, astrological literature from later antiquity and ice cores from Greenland glaciers, yielded a range of orbital parameters for the hypothetical object. They settled on a 0.224 AU orbit for the object which was apparently visible with a tail from the Chinese capital Chang'an (in late May) and as a star-like object from Rome (in late July): May 18, 44 BC (China) July 23–25, 44 BC (Rome) Absolute magnitude: −4.0 A few scholars, such as Robert Gurval of UCLA and Brian G. Marsden of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, leave the comet's very existence as an open question. Marsden notes in his forward to Ramsey and Licht's book, "Given the circumstance of a single reporter two decades after the event, I should be remiss if I were not to consider this [i.e., the comet's non-existence] as a serious possibility." [8] The Star of Caesar in Literature The poet Virgil writes in his ninth eclogue that the star of Caesar has appeared to gladden the fields. Virgil later writes of the period following Julius Caesar’s assassination, “Never did fearsome comets so often blaze.” Gurval interestingly points out that this passage in no way links a comet to Caesar’s divine status, but rather links comets to his death. It is Ovid, however, who makes the final assertion of the comet’s role in Julius Caesar’s deification. Ovid describes the deification of Caesar in Metamorphoses (8 AD): Then Jupiter, the Father, spoke..."Take up Caesar’s spirit from his murdered corpse, and change it into a star, so that the deified Julius may always look down from his high temple on our Capitol and forum." He had barely finished, when gentle Venus stood in the midst of the Senate, seen by no one, and took up the newly freed spirit of her Caesar from his body, and preventing it from vanishing into the air, carried it towards the glorious stars. As she carried it, she felt it glow and take fire, and loosed it from her breast: it climbed higher than the moon, and drawing behind it a fiery tail, shone as a star.[12] It has been argued recently that the idea of Augustus's use of the comet for his political aims largely stems from this passage. In Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar (1599), Caesar's wife remarks on the fateful morning of her husband's murder: "When beggars die there are no comets seen. The heavens themselves blaze forth the death of princes." REF: http://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/empire/augustus_religion.html A Piece of Heaven Having fought his way into power, Augustus used religion as a tool to protect his position and promote his political agenda. Having gained power by force in a bitterly fought civil war, Augustus was aware that he could easily lose it again. He was prepared to use any tool at his disposal to strengthen his claim to the imperial throne and thereby make it harder for his enemies to overthrow him. An important part of this strategy involved religion. The Emperor of Rome was already the most powerful man on earth, but this wasn’t enough. Augustus wanted a piece of heaven too: he was determined that his people would see him as their supreme spiritual leader. Roman religion had many gods and spirits and Augustus was keen to join their number as a god himself. This was not unusual: turning political leaders into gods was an old tradition around the Mediterranean. There was also precedent in Roman history – Aeneas and Romulus, who had helped found Rome, were already worshipped as gods. Halley’s Comet Aside from their many gods, Romans were deeply superstitious, so when Augustus was handed a huge piece of luck, he took full advantage of it. Early in his reign, Halley’s Comet passed over Rome. Augustus claimed it was the spirit of Julius Caesar entering heaven. If Caesar was a god then, as his heir, Augustus was the son of a god and he made sure that everybody knew it. Now regarded as part-god, Augustus encouraged stories of his frugal habits. He let people know that he lived in a modest house, slept on a low bed and, when he wasn’t fasting, ate only very plain food, like coarse bread and cheese. In a letter, he boasted to his stepson, Tiberius, of how he had not eaten all day. Traditional values Promoting himself as the man who would return Rome’s past glory, Augustus claimed that only by restoring the traditional values that had first made Rome great could he hope to make it great again. One writer commented: ‘He renewed many traditions which were fading in our age and restored 82 temples of the gods neglecting none that required repair at the time.’ As ruler of Rome, Augustus had to lead by example. He re-established traditional social rules and religious rituals, sacrificing animals to Rome’s gods. In 12 AD, he made himself Pontifex Maximus, the chief priest of Rome and head of the Collegium Pontificum, the highest priests in the land. These initiatives were very popular. To many Romans, the reign of Augustus marked the point at which Rome had rediscovered its true calling. They believed that, under his rule and with his dynasty, they had the leadership to get there. At his death, Augustus, the ‘son of a god’, was himself declared a god. His strategy had worked. BRONZE Facts Museums and modern archaeological studies usually use the general term “copper alloy” instead of just the term “bronze” to describe these ancient treasures, as many other elements (such as tin, lead, zinc, iron, and even arsenic) were added to the copper to form different strengths of types of bronze items. Ancient bronze artifacts such as this ring are probably about 75% copper and 25% tin, while modern bronze is closer to 88% copper and 12% tin. This historic ring has a beautiful, old patina with some signs of oxidation of the two main elements (tin and copper) that make up this exquisite bracelet. One interesting property of bronze is that once it has oxidized superficially, a copper oxide layer is formed on the surface and essentially protects the object from further damaging corrosion. This protective layer turns in another compound, called copper carbonate for you scientists, that protects most bronze pieces from even corrosive saltwater. I have carefully examined this ring under 10x magnification and it also shows authentic and original signs of weathering and ground contact that help to further authenticate it as an ancient piece. I Guarantee this item to be 100% authentic or your money back! You will not be disappointed! Please examine the photos taken indoors carefully as they are part of the description. The wood stand and coin are not part of the auction, just there to give you a perspective. And please ask any questions before you buy. I offer a full Money-Back Guarantee if a recognized authority disputes the authenticity of this object. Note: Please ask any questions you may have before you bid! Thanks for Looking! Per e-Bay's rules, PayPal only please! FREE SHIPPING & Insurance within USA! Condition: This Roman bronze ring depicts "Julius Caesar's Comet" that was visible in 44 BC, after the assassination of Caesar. About one-half of the ring's band has been broken off in ancient times and is lost--(see photo # 7). It has a wonderful, original patina that is perfect as the bronze has a bronze oxidation from a chemical reaction with the minerals in the soil it was buried in. I guarantee it is original and authentic and displays wonderfully, as it is for Display Only. Please see photos as they are part of the description. Thank You for Looking!, Material: Bronze, Period: Roman

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