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Terrible Lizard First Dinosaur Fossil Hunters 19thC Science v. Religion Dispute

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Seller: ancientgifts (4,181) 99.3%, Location: Lummi Island, Washington, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 122212631319 Click here to see 1,000 archaeology/ancient history books and 2,000 ancient artifacts, antique gemstones, antique jewelry! Terrible Lizard: The First Dinosaur Hunters and The Birth of a New Science by Deborah Cadbury. DESCRIPTION: Hardback with Dust Jacket: 374 pages. Publisher: Henry Holt and Company; (2000).In 1812 a twelve-year-old girl named Mary Anning was collecting fossils for her father beneath the cliffs of Dorset when she discovered the outline of a lizard-like skeleton embedded in the limestone. Working with a small hammer, she unearthed a giant prehistoric animal seventeen feet in length. News of her discovery baffled scholars and attracted the attention of the Reverend William Buckland, an eccentric Oxford naturalist known for his interest kin geology or "undergroundology", as he called it. Buckland eagerly used Mary's find and other remnant fossils to set in motion a quest to understand the world before Noah's flood, though is inquiry was in fact an attempt to prove the accuracy of the biblical record (the scriptures alone were the key to understanding history in his view, and fossils were interpreted in this context). Meanwhile another naturalist, Gideon Mantell, a poor country doctor, uncovered giant petrified bones in a Sussex quarry and became obsessed with the ancient past that, he came to realize, must once have been teeming with creatures up to seventy feet long. Initially scorned by the scientific establishment, Mantell risked his reputation and career to reveal his vision of the lost world of reptiles. Despite their efforts, it was the anatomist Richard Owens, patronized by royalty, the prime minister, and the aristocracy, who claimed the credit for the discovery of the dinosaurs. Through guile, political intrigue, and brilliant scientific insight, Owens rose from a surgeon's apprentice in Lancaster to the highest echelons of society and was feted as the man who gave the extinct creatures their name, "dinosaur", or "terrible lizard". Deborah Cadbury's lively story recreates the bitter feud between Mantell and Owen, which drove one of them to despair and ruin, and secured for the other unrivaled international acclaim. Their struggle brought to light the age of dinosaurs and created a new science that would forever change man's perspective of his place in the universe. CONDITION: New, never read. PLEASE SEE IMAGES BELOW FOR SAMPLE PAGES FROM INSIDE OF BOOK. PLEASE SEE PUBLISHER, PROFESSIONAL, AND READER REVIEWS BELOW. PUBLISHER REVIEW: REVIEW: In 1812, the skeleton of a monster was discovered beneath the cliffs of Dorset, setting in motion a collision between science and religion, and among scientists eager to claim supremacy in a brand-new field. For Reverend William Buckland, an eccentric naturalist at Oxford University, the fossil remains of a creature that existed before Noah's flood inspired an attempt to prove the accuracy of the biblical record. Novelist Gideon Mantell also became obsessed with the ancient past, and eminent anatomist Richard Owen soon entered the fray, claiming credit for the discovery of the dinosaurs. In a fast-paced narrative, "Terrible Lizard" re-creates the bitter feud between Mantell and Owen. Revealing a strange, awesome prehistoric era, their struggle set the stage for Darwin's shattering theories; and for controversies that still rage today. PROFESSIONAL REVIEWS: REVIEW: In this comprehensive narrative, Cadbury (author of "Altering Eden") tells the story of the first "fossilists", whose discoveries challenged the religious convictions of their day as they struggled with the implications of new science. It begins with Mary Anning, who unearthed the skeleton of a monstrous creature beneath the cliffs of Dorset in 1812. Anning would earn the respect of her male peers, but not entry into their exclusive societies. Men like the eccentric Oxford don William Buckland sought to reconcile the biblical account of Noah's flood with the fossil record, while the brilliant Georges Cuvier posited a theory of "catastrophes" to explain the progression of life while still holding true to scripture. The ambitious Richard Owen, who coined the term dinosaur and claimed credit for the discovery of dinosaurs, used his prestige to discount early evolutionary theories in favor of his own backward-looking notions about a biblical past. Unlike his rival Gideon Mantell, whose studies in geology and paleontology laid the foundation for the new science, Owen rarely set foot in a quarry or dig, but he did, according to Cadbury, mine his share of fellow scientists' works for ideas he then claimed as his own. Cadbury makes much of the rivalry between the two men, and to good effect. Her focus on Owen's injustices against Mantell, Owen's corresponding rise to fame, and Mantell's ultimately tragic end lends momentum to her narrative, culminating in the advent of the evolutionary idea with Darwin's On the Origin of Species. This is a must-read book for dinosaur enthusiasts, and for anyone who has ever wondered about the source of our present-day assumptions and unanswered questions about human origins. REVIEW: An absorbing account of the pioneer 19th-century British geologists and fossil collectors. Our hero is Gideon Mantell, of a noble family long fallen on hard times. The son of a shoemaker, Mantell was smitten with fossils at an early age. Without resources but recognized as a prodigy, he was apprenticed to a surgeon and became a doctor in London. For the rest of his life he would balance his unenthusiastic practice of medicine with a passionate devotion to fossils. Enter one Mary Anning, who supported her family by gathering fossil "trinkets" from the dangerous coastal cliffs of Dorset to sell to tourists. Her keen eye led to her recognition as a prime "fossilist" among geologists and collectors, including Mantell. One of her major finds was the fossil remains of a giant sea lizard; little by little, other huge reptilian bones were unearthed by Mary and others, but not without controversy. Mantell waited years before the eminent Baron Cuvier in Paris agreed that he had found the remains of a huge herbivorous land reptile (reversing his earlier opinion that the fossil was mammalian). But the plot thickened with the appearance of the wicked Richard Owen, who rose to pinnacles of power within the Royal Society and the Geological Society, became a social lion, and was an intimate of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. At every step of the way he did his best to discredit and ridicule Mantell, at the same time claiming some of Mantell's fossils as his own. His comeuppance (and the recognition of Mantell's true worth) was the result of both his egregious behavior and his being on the wrong (creationist) side of the evolutionary debate as the scientific tide turned to Darwinian theory. "He lied for God and for malice," an Oxford don declared. "A bad case." A scholarly account infused with a rare drama and suspense. Read it not only for the science, but to learn what happened to all these wonderful characters. REVIEW: From its beginnings, modern paleontology has been full of colorful characters acting out of motives base, noble, and mercenary, as this account reveals. Cadbury's richly descriptive book accents the commercial and social milieu in which the fossil hunters lived. She opens with a rarity in science; a woman, Mary Anning, first finder of such icons of Dinosauria as the plesiosaur and the pterodactyl. To her, the monstrous, petrified creatures from an antediluvian past connected her to intellectual circles beyond her hometown of Lyme Regis and were something to live on, though meagerly, through selling their remains. Another aspirant to higher social status was Gideon Mantell, who gained membership in the Royal Society and hobnobbed with such luminaries as Georges Cuvier, but whose strivings unhappily alienated his wife. Cadbury smoothly incorporates Mantell's clashes with the coiner of the word "dinosaur", Richard Owen, and the support he got from the likes of geologist Charles Lyell into a humanizing book, evocative of the intellectual and social atmosphere of its setting. "Terrible Lizard" is richly descriptive; a humanizing book, evocative of the intellectual and social atmosphere of its setting. REVIEW: A captivating tale of dinosaur intrigue. Do not be deceived by the easy style. Cadbury has done her research. This is a story we should all know, a defining part of contemporary western culture. I can't think of a better introduction to paleontology. No other narrative I know illustrates the human element in scientific discovery quite so dramatically. REVIEW: Cadbury is a wonderful writer, weaving natural history, human history, and science together in a smooth, flowing tapestry that keeps you turning the pages as if her book was a thriller. Of course, it is a thriller, as we track the rise and fall of the dastardly Sir Richard Owens, as unscrupulous a villain as ever appeared in Victorian fiction. An important book, Cadbury makes the career struggles of the men and women who first described dinosaurs as real as yesterday's pink slip. We hold our breath as we turn the pages. REVIEW: This is a tale of intrigue and deception, of burning ambition and failed dreams. The bitter clashes between the men who dominated nineteenth-century geology are exquisitely portrayed in this scholarly yet exhilarating book. This is a wonderful book, evoking a time when science required remarkable people to conduct it. READER REVIEWS: REVIEW: Utterly first rate adventure story! "Terrible Lizard" is a first rate history of the period in the early 19th century when a group of individuals began, for the first time, to understand the fossils that had been known for some time as the remains of giant reptiles who lived in a time that predated human history. But it is also very much an adventure story, and like all good adventure stories, it has a hero, a heroine, an excellent set of supporting characters, and, of course, a dastardly villain. In a word, the story told is how Gideon Mantell undertook much of the work in formulating the earliest conception of giant reptiles who lived eons before humans but had his achievement appropriated by the gifted but ambitious and devious Richard Owen. The heroine of the story is Mary Anning, who sparked the interest of the early geologists by her uncanny ability to unearth fossils and near complete skeletons from the area around Lyme Regis in southern England. Hers is a somewhat sad story, for while she repeatedly spurs science on by her remarkable discoveries, she lives her life in a perpetual struggle against poverty. Nevertheless it is inspiring, the way her contributions, despite her being merely the daughter of a carpenter who died while she was a child, gain her the respect and esteem of some of the leading scientists in England. The hero of the story, and the individual around whom much of the book revolves, is Gideon Mantell. Despite working as a physician with a brutally demanding schedule, Mantell managed to build up a first rate collection of fossil remains, and became the first person to identify and describe most of the first dinosaurs to be discovered. Ignored at first because of his social and amateur status, Mantell gradually gained the respect of his peers and gained admittance to the Royal Society. Despite this, he was never able to obtain patronage or a scientific position that would have allowed him to pursue his studies full time. His plight is the source of much of the pathos of the book. The villain of the story is the overly ambitious and somewhat sadistic Richard Owen, who provided us with the word "dinosaur" but who also attempted to claim as his own much of the work done by Mantell and others. In contrast to Mantell, Owen early in his life obtains positions that allow him to study anatomy full time, and enjoys the patronage of the nation as he gains more and more power. His arrogance, dishonesty, lust for power, and his unremitting attempt to copt the credit rightfully belonging to others, made me wonder if the title of the book, "Terrible Lizard", in part refers to him. Along the way, we encounter a number of other extraordinary characters, from the famed French anatomist Georges Cuvier to William Buckland; who with Mantell was the first to describe the dinosaurs; and from the great geologist Charles Lyell to Charles Darwin. A thoroughly enjoyable history that I can heartily recommend to anyone interested in intellectual history, paleontology, or just a flat out adventure tale. REVIEW: The early years of 19th Century Britain brought shocks to society even more severe than the execution of monarchs and a global war. Scrabbling over cliffs and following the slashes in the land made for canals and railroads, people were discovering fossils. The transformed bones and shells of ancient creatures weren't new. They had been used as medicine and charms to ward off "evil spirits" for centuries. The new finds, however, were more perplexing. Large teeth and massive bones suggested that creatures of unimaginable scale had once inhabited the Earth. In Britain, two new sciences emerged around the novel discoveries; geology and paleontology. Cadbury traces these developments with an enthusiastic account of the people drawn to the new sciences. After a diversion describing Mary Anning, a young villager who found fossils on coastal cliffs, Cadbury traces the thinking on what fossils implied. Biblical creation had already been challenged on many fronts, particularly among French scientists. The British finds launched a major challenge to standard views of Earth's history. Gideon Mantell, interested in the fossil ammonites at a young age, went on to carve a major life as a geologist. In early 19th Century Britain, paleontology had yet to break off from geology, although fossils were the key to relative placement in time. Cadbury describes how Mantell's love for fossils was given an unexpected boost by his "day job" as a doctor. Medicine laid groundwork in anatomy which would prove beneficial in later years. Mantell, through incredible adversity, persisted in amassing large fossil collections. Not only were the collections massive numerically, but some of the bones retrieved implied tremendous creatures. Cadbury does a fine job of explaining the impact these discoveries had on educated Britain. Christian theology remained the foundation for learning, and the fossils clearly challenged church dogma. British Christianity responded with the "Bridgewater Treatises", an attempt to mortise Nature into theology. Darwin's insight was decades away, and Cadbury explains how this venture was but one of the various notions preceding natural selection. The "fossil" debates took place mostly in the academic arena. The growing scientific societies skirted the issue of divinity, but it was clear data was challenging dogma. As Mantell's efforts continued, new figures emerged to investigate the puzzling artifacts. Among the students of ancient life, Richard Owen emerged as the champion of analysis. Owen, a domineering figure in Cadbury's account, rose rapidly in importance. He had no qualms about demolishing another's propositions, nor, indeed, their career. His stature in British scientific circles precluded effective challenges and Mantell became one of his chief victims. His final effort to destroy a career and an idea brought him against the giant of 19th Century British science, perhaps all science. Owen rejected Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. Between the paucity of his ideas and the constant harassing of "Darwin's Bulldog", Thomas Huxley, Owens' career began to wane. Cadbury doesn't call for a period of mourning. Cadbury's approach and writing style makes this book a delightful read, and her depiction of the chief personalities is excellent. A number of illustrations from the period enhances the text, imparting a feeling of the era. REVIEW: Terrible Lizard is a fascinating read about the early dinosaur hunters. It is set in England in the 1800s. Fascinating characters appear in the story: tragic Mary Anning, obsessed Gideon Mantell, eccentric William Buckland, vengeful Richard Owen. Deborah Cadbury sets their stories against the increasing tensions between science and the religious establishment. She never loses sight of the human frailties and foibles of her scientists. This is an excellent book with implications for today as the dichotomy between religion and science continues. REVIEW: The story of how a few great and nimble minds knocked relentlessly at the doors of established scientific thought and were, by dint of excellent work and bold imagination, eventually admitted. From the painstaking, earnest and underappreciated Gideon Mantell to the flamboyant and eccentric Dean Buckland. From Sir Richard Owen, perhaps the finest comparative anatomist of his time, to the poverty-stricken fossilist Mary Anning. Here is a tale of fortunes won and lost and discoveries celebrated and forgotten, where brilliance walks hand in hand with heartache and madness. Best of all, its true. I always ship books Media Mail in a padded mailer. This book is shipped FOR FREE via USPS INSURED media mail (“book rate”). All domestic shipments and most international shipments will include free USPS Delivery Confirmation (you might be able to update the status of your shipment on-line at the USPS Web Site and free insurance coverage). A small percentage of international shipments may require an additional fee for tracking and/or delivery confirmation. If you are concerned about a little wear and tear to the book in transit, I would suggest a boxed shipment - it is an extra $1.00. Whether via padded mailer or box, we will give discounts for multiple purchases. International orders are welcome, but shipping costs are substantially higher. Most international orders cost an additional $12.99 to $33.99 for an insuredshipment in a heavily padded mailer, and typically includes some form of rudimentary tracking and/or delivery confirmation (though for some countries, this is only available at additional cost). There is also a discount program which can cut postage costs by 50% to 75% if you’re buying about half-a-dozen books or more (5 kilos+). Rates and available services vary a bit from country to country. You can email or message me for a shipping cost quote, but I assure you they are as reasonable as USPS rates allow, and if it turns out the rate is too high for your pocketbook, we will cancel the sale at your request. ADDITIONAL PURCHASES do receive a VERY LARGE discount, typically about $5 per book (for each additional book after the first) so as to reward you for the economies of combined shipping/insurance costs. Your purchase will ordinarily be shipped within 48 hours of payment. We package as well as anyone in the business, with lots of protective padding and containers. All of our shipments are sent via insured mail so as to comply with PayPal requirements. We do NOT recommend uninsured shipments, and expressly disclaim any responsibility for the loss of an uninsured shipment. Unfortunately the contents of parcels are easily “lost” or misdelivered by postal employees – even in the USA. That’s why all of our domestic shipments (and most international) shipments include a USPS delivery confirmation tag; or are trackable or traceable, and all shipments (international and domestic) are insured. We do offer U.S. Postal Service Priority Mail, Registered Mail, and Express Mail for both international and domestic shipments, as well United Parcel Service (UPS) and Federal Express (Fed-Ex). Please ask for a rate quotation. We will accept whatever payment method you are most comfortable with. If upon receipt of the item you are disappointed for any reason whatever, I offer a no questions asked return policy. Send it back, I will give you a complete refund of the purchase price (less our original shipping costs). Most of the items I offer come from the collection of a family friend who was active in the field of Archaeology for over forty years. However many of the items also come from purchases I make in Eastern Europe, India, and from the Levant (Eastern Mediterranean/Near East) from various institutions and dealers. Though I have always had an interest in archaeology, my own academic background was in sociology and cultural anthropology. After my retirement however, I found myself drawn to archaeology as well. Aside from my own personal collection, I have made extensive and frequent additions of my own via purchases on Ebay (of course), as well as many purchases from both dealers and institutions throughout the world - but especially in the Near East and in Eastern Europe. I spend over half of my year out of the United States, and have spent much of my life either in India or Eastern Europe. In fact much of what we generate on Yahoo, Amazon and Ebay goes to support The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, as well as some other worthy institutions in Europe connected with Anthropology and Archaeology. I acquire some small but interesting collections overseas from time-to-time, and have as well some duplicate items within my own collection which I occasionally decide to part with. Though I have a collection of ancient coins numbering in the tens of thousands, my primary interest is in ancient jewelry. My wife also is an active participant in the "business" of antique and ancient jewelry, and is from Russia. I would be happy to provide you with a certificate/guarantee of authenticity for any item you purchase from me. There is a $2 fee for mailing under separate cover. Whenever I am overseas I have made arrangements for purchases to be shipped out via domestic mail. If I am in the field, you may have to wait for a week or two for a COA to arrive via international air mail. But you can be sure your purchase will arrive properly packaged and promptly - even if I am absent. And when I am in a remote field location with merely a notebook computer, at times I am not able to access my email for a day or two, so be patient, I will always respond to every email. Please see our "ADDITIONAL TERMS OF SALE." TRANSLATE Arabic Chinese French German Greek Indonesian Italian Hindi Japanese Korean Swedish Portuguese Russian Spanish

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