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REVIVAL Period EGYPTIAN USHABTI,Flying Scarab,Isis,Cartouche,Incised Hieroglyphs

$897.00 or Best Offer 20d, $37.89 Shipping, 14-Day Returns

Seller: 42colleen (2,072) 99.2%, Location: Albany, Oregon, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 302124281970 >>>PLEASE NOTE>>PAYMENT>IS DUE @ AUCTIONS END!PLEASE Make Sure to Read all Important Informationof the Whole Auction!VERY LARGE,I have never seen anything like this ever,and it is so very beautiful and has such a good spirit about it!Awesome Egyptian Clay/Terracotta UshabtiWith Cartouche, wearing a Terrapin Wig Holding the Crook and Flail.Very heavy has an awesome Flying Scarab rising up the the rays of the Sun, the footed areas both sides have Flying Isis with snakes below and mid section side have more Incised Hieroglyphs, looks like both side have standing the God of the under world Anubis! Item is as is old Egypt REVIVAL Period condition, small chips, dings, scuffs, scrapes, dust, dirt and patina, This item does stand with a slight wobble about it, but would not do so if it happened to fall and broke would be so sad, But it does stand upright!Estate 1920's Egypt REVIVAL Periodsee the photos. I am listing the last bunch of the Egypt items, Big & Small, Retro Jewelry as well, so look see it all. When its gone it gone and will look for more to sell to all you, my Great Customers for years and from all over the world!I would really love this piece for my personal collection so if it does not sell will not bother me, but it is up for Auction/Sale, at a price, and I just can not keep every nice item that I sell,Thank You car·touchekärˈto͞oSH/nouna carved tablet or drawing representing a scroll with rolled-up ends, used ornamentally or bearing an inscription.ARCHAEOLOGYan oval or oblong enclosing a group of Egyptian hieroglyphs, typically representing the name and title of a monarch. Egyptian Revival PeriodFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaEgyptian Hall (1812) in LondonFoire du Caire building (1828) in ParisEgyptian revival is an art deco decorative arts style/architectural style that uses the motifs and imagery of ancient Egypt. It is attributed generally to the public awareness of ancient Egyptian monuments generated by Napoleon's conquest of Egypt and Admiral Nelson's defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of the Nile in 1798. Napoleon took a scientific expedition with him to Egypt. Publication of the expedition's work, the Description de l'Égypte, began in 1809 and was published as a series through 1826. However, works of art and architecture (such as funerary monuments) in the Egyptian style had been made or built occasionally on the European continent and the British Isles since the time of the Renaissance.Contents [hide] 1Egyptian influence before Napoleon2Post-Napoleonic era2.1Later revivals3Discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb4Post-modern variants5See also6ReferencesEgyptian influence before Napoleon[edit]The most important example is probably Gian Lorenzo Bernini's obelisk in the Piazza Navona in Rome. It influenced the obelisk constructed as a family funeral memorial by Sir Edward Lovatt Pierce for the Allen family at Stillorgan in Ireland in 1717, one of several Egyptian obelisks erected in Ireland during the early 18th century. Others may be found at Belan, County Kildare; and Dangan, County Meath. The Castle town Folly in County Kildare is probably the best known, albeit the least Egyptian-styled.Egyptian buildings had also been built as garden follies. The most elaborate was probably the one built by Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg in the gardens of the Château de Montbéliard. It included an Egyptian bridge across which guests walked to reach an island with an elaborate Egyptian-influenced bath house. Designed by the duke's court architect, Jean Baptiste Kleber, the building had a billiards room and a "bagnio".Post-Napoleonic era[edit]New after the Napoleonic invasion was a sudden increase of the number of works of art and the fact that, for the first time, entire buildings began to be built to resemble those of ancient Egypt. In France and Britain this was at least partially inspired by successful war campaigns undertaken by each country while in Egypt.According to David Brownlee, the 1798 Karlsruhe Synagogue, an early building by the influential Friedrich Weinbrenner was "the first large Egyptian building to be erected since antiquity."[1] According to Diana Muir Appelbaum, it was "the first public building (that is, not a folly, stage set, or funeral monument) in the Egyptian revival style."[2]A street or passage named the Place du Caire or Foire du Caire (Fair of Cairo) was built in Paris in 1798 on the former site of the convent of the "Filles de la Charité". In 1828 a building with Egyptianizing detail including large Hathor heads and a frieze by sculptor J. G. Garraud was built at No. 2.[3] Place du Caire. Among the earliest monuments of the Egyptian revival in Paris is the Fontaine du Fellah in Paris, built in 1806. It was designed by François-Jean Bralle. A well-documented example, destroyed after Napoleon was deposed, was the monument to General Louis Desaix in the Place des Victoires was built in 1810. It featured a nude statue of the general and an obelisk, both set upon an Egyptian revival base.[4] Another example of a still standing site of Egyptian Revival is the Egyptian Gate of Tsarskoe Selo, built in 1829.One of the first British buildings to show an Egyptian revival interior was the newspaper office of the Courier on the Strand in London. It was built in 1804 and featured a cavetto (coved) cornice and Egyptian-influenced columns with palmiform capitals.[5] Other early British examples include the Egyptian Hall in London, completed in 1812, and the Egyptian Gallery, a private room in the home of connoisseur Thomas Hope (1769-1831) to display his Egyptian antiquities, and illustrated in engravings from his meticulous line drawings in his book Household Furniture (1807), were a prime source for the regency style of British furnishings.Later revivals[edit]The Egyptian Gates (1827–30) in Tsarskoe Selo, St. Petersburg4th Precinct Police Station (1836) in New OrleansThe Tombs (1838) in New York CityEntrance to Egyptian Avenue and the Lebanon Circle of Highgate Cemetery (1838–39), LondonEgyptian Building of the Medical College of Virginia (1845), Richmond, VirginiaThe Great Synagogue (1878) in SydneyKrasnoyarsk regional museum. Krasnoyarsk, Russia (1913-29)1914 Masonic temple built in Egyptian revival style, Charlotte, North Carolina (1914-1987)The Scottish Rite Temple (1921) in Mobile, AlabamaNational Museum of Beirut (1930–37), BeirutEgyptian revival architecture enjoyed considerable popularity in other countries as well. The first Egyptian revival building in the United States was the 1824 synagogue building of Congregation Mikveh Israel Synagogue in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [6] It was followed by a series of major public buildings in the first half of the 19th century including the 1835 Philadelphia County Prison, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States,the 1836 Fourth District Police Station in New Orleans and the 1838 New York City jail known as the Tombs. Other public buildings in Egyptian style included the 1844 Old Whaler's Church in Sag Harbor, New York, the 1846 First Baptist Church in Essex, Connecticut, the 1845 Egyptian Building of the Medical College of Virginia in Richmond and the 1848 United States Custom House in New Orleans. The most notable Egyptian structure in the United States was the Washington Monument, begun in 1848, this obelisk originally featured doors with cavetto cornices and winged sun disks, later removed.The South African College in the then-British Cape Colony features an "Egyptian building" constructed in 1841; the Egyptian revival building of the Cape Town Hebrew Congregation is also still standing.The Great Synagogue (Sydney) was Australia's first Egyptian revival building, followed by the Hobart Synagogue, the Launceston Synagogue and the Adelaide Hebrew Congregation, all by 1850. The earliest obelisk in Australia was erected at Macquarie Place, Sydney in 1818.[7]Discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb[edit]The expeditions that eventually led to the discovery in 1922 of the treasure of Tutankhamun's tomb by the archaeologist Howard Carter resulted in a 20th-century revival. The revival during the 1920s is sometimes considered to be part of the art deco decorative arts style. This phase gave birth to the Egyptian theatre movement, largely confined to the United States. The Egyptian revival decorative arts style was present in furniture and other household objects, The ushabti: An existence of eternal servitude The ancient Egyptians lived lives of obligations: the king, responsible for the world order and minor concerns like proper Nile floods and the welfare of his people, had to perform the ceremonies necessary before the respective gods; his servants, the noblemen, scribes and priests, served the king by shouldering most of his responsibilities, at times even impersonating him before the gods; while the common people were duty-bound to do the bidding of the royal administrators.Ushabti of King Taharka Petrie Museum website These duties did not cease with death. The after-life was not a place which ran itself. The fields still had to be ploughed, the wheat reaped, the bread baked and the beer brewed: the deceased were going to be kept very busy. Fortunately for the rich and powerful not used to manual labour, stand-ins could be bought for as little as two hundredths of a deben, though one surmises that those who could afford the best the country could produce would not be satisfied with personal substitutes as cheaply made as these. The answer to their prayers for release from eternal drudgery was a little statuette called an ushabti [6], variously also referred to as shawabti (in the Thebaid) and shabti [2]. Nor did the less well-off fancy an eternity of toil. During the New Kingdom there were still few of these, such as the workman Setau from Deir el Medina who expected his ushabti to answer "Here I am!" just as the ushabtis of his deceased superiors did when these were called to labour in the fields of the underworld and build irrigation ditches there. Some think that the name of the ushabti stems from the Egyptian word for answer, as the ushabti was expected to answer the call to duty since the early days of the Coffin Texts:O ushabti, if I am called upon, if I am appointed to do any work which is done on the necropolis .... even as the man is bounden, namely to cultivate the fields, to flood the river-banks or to carry the sand of the East to the West, then speak thou 'Here am I!'Coffin Text 472 A. Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs: An Introduction, p.32others doubt that this is the source of the name. These first 'answers' may have been virtual, as the oldest ushabti figurines, crude, uninscribed, often nude representations of the deceased, that were found, date to the beginning of the Middle Kingdom, [8] some time after their mention in the Coffin Texts, spells which were during the New Kingdom incorporated into the so-called Books of the Dead. [3] When they became part of the tomb equipment they had the shape of mummies with their arms folded across their chest, and they were inscribed with the titles and names of their owners. Spells were written on ushabtis from the late Middle Kingdom onwards. Strictly speaking, only those figurines intended to perform the duties of the deceased are considered to be ushabtis. They need not have the form of mummies, as some New Kingdomushabtis wearing everyday clothes prove. If at the beginning the ushabti represented the deceased, later it came to be perceived more and more as a servant and during the late New Kingdom was referred to as Hm, i.e. servant or slave. Placed in coffins since the 19th dynasty a text, from which the following passage is an excerpt, calls on the gods to protect the deceased who had died miserably, killed by his brotherand who had nobody to protect him. According to this spell the ushabtis were seen as slaves offered to Osiris by the deceased and not as his alter egos, but separate from him, and his right to receive service from them stemmed from the fact that he had bought them:Behold the ushabtis, the slaves, men and women, they belong to your majesty, Osiris, they were all his slaves when they were on earth, it is he who acquired them. Make him direct them at the right moment, make them work in his (i.e. the deceased's) stead, at any time one remembers him.J. Cerny, Le caractère des Oushebtis d'après les idées du Nouvel Empire, BIFAO 41 (1942), p.119 This development of demotion was accompanied by an ever-increasing number of ushabtis being placed in tombs. In the tomb of Seti I Belzoni found more than 700 ushabtis. At the height of this proliferation during the Third Intermediate Period many tombs contained one worker ushabti for every day of the year and 36 overseer ushabtis, each 'responsible' for ten labourers. These overseers, recognizable by the way they kept one arm pressed against the side of the body while there was a flail in the other hand, became rare during the Late Period, though the number of ordinary ushabtis remained high until it declined under the Ptolemies. The simple act of buying ushabtis and placing them in the tomb was not always deemed to be sufficient to ensure their obedience. Neskhons, wife of the High Priest Pinodjem II under the 21st dynasty, acquired an unspecified number of faience ushabtis, and offered her purchase to the oracle of Amen for approval, Ancient Egyptian Cartouche Lesson - ArtyfactoryDESIGN YOUR OWN ANCIENT EGYPTIAN CARTOUCHE Information here for you: www.artyfactory.com/egyptian_art/cartouche_lesson/cartouche_lesson.htm Crook and flail Theories on significance Information of: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crook_and_flail Please ask any and all questions first before bidding! PLEASE MAKE PAYMENT Directly after auctions end or within 24 hours of Best Offer Taken PLEASE only buy if you desire the item for your collection, returns are accepted But! So read the whole auction about applied fees, will ship Priorty mail LG box mailer with ins and buyer must sign for. Condition: REVIVAL Period, VERY LARGE Estate 1920's Egypt EGYPTIAN USHABTI, Material: Clay/Terracotta?, Provenance: Estate 1920's Egyptian REVIVAL Period

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