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Archimedes of Syracuce - Statuette of Ancient Greek Classical Scientist - 25cm

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Seller: aeonamaltheas (69) 100%, Location: London, London, Ships to: GB & many other countries, Item: 302141029185 “Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I shall move the world.” “The shortest distance between to points is a straight line.” “ εὕρηκα (Eureka}!!! (I have found it!!!).” Archimedes was born in Syracuce, Sicily - a self governing colony of Magna Graecia. During his youth, it is assumed have studied in Alexandria, Egypt, where Conon of Samos and Eratosthenes of Cyrene were contemporaries. An inquisitive and brilliant scientific mind of its time, he was a mathematician, physicist, engineer inventor and astronomer. The most widely known story about Archimedes tells of how he invented a method for determining the volume of an object with an irregular shape. A votive crown for a temple had been made for King Hiero II, who had supplied with pure gold to be used. Archimedes was asked to determine whether some other metal has been used by the goldsmith. Having to solve the problem without melting it down, provided him with the idea of density. While taking a bath, he noticed that the level of the water in the tub rose as he got in, and realized that this effect could be used to determine the volume of the crown. For practical purposes water is incompressible, so the submerged crown would displace an amount of water equal to its own volume. By dividing the mass of the crown by the volume of water displaced, the density of the crown could be obtained. This density would be lower than that of gold if cheaper and less dense metals had been added. Archimedes then took to the streets naked, so excited by his discovery that he had forgotten to dress, crying "Eureka!" (meaning "I have found it!"). The test was conducted successfully, proving that silver had indeed been mixed in. Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying concepts of infinitesimals and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems, including the area of a circle , the surface area and volume of a sphere, and the area under a parabola. Other mathematical achievements include deriving an accurate approximation of pi, defining and investigating the spiral bearing his name, and creating a system using exponentiation for expressing very large numbers. He was also one of the first to apply mathematics to physical phenomena, founding hydrostatics and statics, including an explanation of the principle of the lever. He is credited with designing innovative machines, such as his screw pump, compound pulleys, and defensive war machines to protect his native town Syracuce from invasion. Archimedes died c. 212 BC during the Second Punic War, when Roman forces captured the city of Syracuse after a two-year-long siege. According to the popular account, Archimedes was contemplating a mathematical diagram when the city was captured. A Roman soldier commanded him to come and meet General Marcellus but he declined, The last words attributed to Archimedes are "Do not disturb my circles", a reference to the circles in the mathematical drawing that he was supposedly studying when disturbed by the Roman soldier. The soldier was enraged by this, and killed Archimedes with his sword. General Marcellus was reportedly angered by the death of Archimedes, as he considered him a valuable scientific asset and had ordered that he not be harmed. Originating from a sculptor's studio with more than twenty year presence in the greek market this statuette of Archimedes stands 9.84" height (25cm) Painted by hand in archaic colors, is the artist perception of one of the most important scientists of the Classical era. Aeon Amaltheas Ltd represents artists with continuous and distinguished presence in the Greek market. Information about the article: Made of alabaster, this classic statue stands on its own podium.The superior material allows for attention to detail, while on the same time archaic tones are used for the clothing. Stands 9.84" height (25cm)Please note this article is an artist's replica and NOT a genuine ancient artifact!!!!All deliveries will be recorded/ signed for deliveries. Free Package & Postage. Price includes VAT. FREE SHIPPING IN THE UK!!! International Buyers: We do confirm participation on eBay Global Shipping Programme that ensures minimum postage costs for non-UK buyers.If you require an alternative courier service, please contact us for a personalized postage quote.. Condition: A brand new statuette of the Greek Classical Scientist Archimedes 287BC – 212BC., Type: Statues, Material: Alabaster, Colour: White, Culture: Greek, Height: 25cm, Category: Philosopher, Category Alt1: Inventor, Category Alt2: Mathematician, Category Alt3: Astronomer, Title: Archimedes of Syracuse

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