Antique Imperial Fine China Famile Rose "Hundred deer" Vase Qianlong Qing Mark
Measurements: 15.5" tall x 10.5" wide
Condition: Excellent condition. Near Mint. No cracks, chips, scratches, damage or repairs. Please refer to all photos for this great Antique Chinese Vase. Used only for private display.
Manufactured: Jingdezhen China
Description: This is a beautifully hand crafted Antique Imperial Fine China Handled Famile Rose Vase with Qianlong Qing mark. Featuring an intricately detailed colorful floral design with deer and a pale yellow base tone. A gourd shaped oviform body.
With generously low-rounded sides on a splayed foot, finely painted with a continuous scene of a herd of deer in a mountainous landscape, the stags, bucks, doe, and fawns painted white, red, brown, and spotted fur or in dappled white coats either grazing or at rest, all amidst rockworks and fruiting trees, lingzhi and twisted pine trees, the wide neck flanked by a set with a pair of stylized iron-red handles.
Centered on the polychrome highly detailed glazed base is the underglaze blue zhuanshu mark (archaic seal script) of the Qianlong emperor, Hongli.
清代 Qing Dynasty, 乾隆 Qianlong Period
Qianlong reign marked vases of this highly complex and exquisitely composed design are in many important private and museum collections. For a similar vase from the Qing Court collection preseved in the Palace Museum, Beijing, see The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum. Porcelains with Cloisonne Enamel Decoration and Famille Rose Decoration, Hong Kong, 1999, pl.85; also illustrated in Fire and Colour. Imperial Kiln Porcelain of Qing Dynasty from The Palace Museum Collection Vol.2, Macao, 2011, pl.93.
Made with the finest of white clay in Coucou ( kaolin ).
Perfect for any collector or for practical use.
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The Yongzheng emperor nominated his fourth son, Hongli, meaning ‘Great Successor’, as his heir and he ruled from 1736 to 1796 as the Qianlong or ‘eminent sovereign’ emperor. He had been a great favorite of his grandfather, the Kangxi emperor, with whom he would go hunting as a boy. Some say that the Kangxi emperor chose Yongzheng as his successor so that he would eventually be succeeded by his grandson, although that would seem a rather risky prospect, as the Yongzheng emperor had ten sons (though only four survived into adulthood).
When Qianlong was on the throne China was flourishing, but as he left the throne it was beginning to decline. The long reign of the Qianlong emperor (who retired in 1796, three years before his death) may be considered the height of the Qing. Though his Ten Great Campaigns were not all as successful as he claimed, he brought much of Central Asia under Qing rule, vastly increasing the size of his empire. The costs of his campaigns were met by an increase in cultivated land, with new crops, such as maize and peanuts, being grown and with firm controls on revenue collection. Well versed in Chinese culture, the Qianlong emperor is supposed to have written essays and as many as 42,000 poems. He developed the imperial collection, commissioning paintings and artefacts from Chinese and foreign artists, as well as collecting ancient Chinese objects and ordering the cataloguing of palace paintings and calligraphy.
Like his grandfather Kangxi, the Qianlong emperor made five great tours of inspection of southern China, reversing the tradition of the Ming emperors who only left the Forbidden City to visit the imperial altars but did not venture outside Peking. His daily routine was described in detail by the Jesuit priest Fr Benoist. He rose at six, ate alone at eight (his meal taking about 15 minutes) and then read reports and memorials, discussing them with his ministers. He held an audience for newly appointed officials and had another brief solitary meal at two. Then he would read, write verse or paint and perhaps take some 'light refreshment' before bed. Unlike the Chinese, the Qianlong emperor took milk in his tea, with special herds of dairy cows providing the Manchu imperial family with milk. A menu for one of his meals in 1754 included a dish of fat chicken, boiled duck and bean curd, swallows’ nests and shredded smoked duck, smoked chicken, shredded stewed chicken, Chinese cabbage, salted duck and pork, bamboo-shoot steamed dumplings, rice cakes with honey and side dishes of pickled aubergine, pickled cabbage and cucumbers in soy sauce
In the 60th year of his reign (1796), the Qianlong Emperor enthroned his son and became overlord for four years. In the 4th year of the Jiaqing reign (1799) the Qianlong Emperor died at age 89.
During this period the archaic zhuanshu seal mark is by far the most common, largely ousting the regular kaishu script. It is thought that the few genuine kaishu marks dates to the two first years of the reign before the official seal mark of the Qianlong period becomes standardized by an official decree. Seal marks are often written in iron-red but under glaze blue or gilt can occur as well as incised, stamped or molded in relief.
History of the Dragon Well:
The Dragon Well is located in the Fenghuang Mountain, the southwest of West lake. With green mountains, clear spring, verdant trees and quite environment, it is a natural scenic spot with wild flavor in the West Lake Tourist Zone.
The Dragon Well consists of Dragon well Village, Dragon Well Temple and Dragon Well Tea. Their names all originated from the Dragon Well Spring. The spring is one of the three famous springs. The spring comes from the rock and its water is clean and free from pollution. Legend said that the well was connected with the sea in which a dragon lived. Hence the well got its name.
Besides the sweet and clean water, the scenery of the Dragon Well is quiet and refined. Surrounded by the green mountains, the place is overflowing with vigor.
In 1761,the emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty visited here. Facing the beautiful scenery, he was really keen on it and wrote five characters "the best among mountain and river" at the spot. He visited all the Eight Scenes of Dragon Well and gave eight beautiful titles to them. They are respectively GuoxiTing, Dixinzhao, Yipianyun, Fenghuangling, Fangyuan'an, Longhongjian, Shenyunshi, Cuifengge. These names have been known from generation to generation. Even in the scenic spots, you can find the handwriting of Emperor QianLong.