Seller: wear-the-past (1,916) 100%, Location: Salisbury, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 371785897568 This is an ancient Roman hardstone sard intaglio, dating to the 2nd century A.D. The small intaglio intended for a signet ring, depicts a bust of the god Serapis wearing his classic modius headdress. He is nicely cut with simple strokes of the wheel, with detailing to wreath, beard and hair. Serapis or Sarapis is a Graeco-Egyptian god. Serapis was devised during the 3rd century BC on the orders of Ptolemy I of Egypt as a means to unify the Greeks and Egyptians in his realm. The god was depicted as Greek in appearance, but with Egyptian trappings, and combined iconography from a great many cults, signifying both abundance and resurrection. The cult introduced to Rome during the 1st century B.C. became an accepted god of the Roman Pantheon, identified with Jupiter. This intaglio would have once been worn to invoke the protection and patronage of Serapis, in both abundance in trade and the assurance of the resurrection of the afterlife. Today this ancient gem can be remounted into a gold finger ring, to be admired and worn again.OBJECT: IntaglioCULTURE: RomanDATE: c. 2nd century A.D.MATERIAL: SardSIZE: 9.74mm x 7.22mm x 2.55mmWEIGHT: 0.4gThis item is guaranteed authentic and dates to the period described. A written guarantee can be provided on request. We accept returns if you are not satisfied with your purchase.I am a fully qualified Archaeologist and small finds specialist. All items can be viewed in person on request at Grays, Mayfair in London. Please see my website for details. Condition: good excavated condition, see description, Type: Intaglio, Material: Sard, Colour: Dark Red, Culture: Roman, Date: c. 2nd century A.D.