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Ancient Roman Dice (Die). Latin: "Astragali" w/Engraving England. c.50--200 AD

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Seller: houghton-usa (1,298) 100%, Location: Sequim, Washington, Ships to: US, CA, MX, Item: 252649436648 ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS Artifacts, Antiques & Fine Collectibles Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE eBay Note: This ancient. 2000 year-old Roman dice is made from the ankle bone of a sheep. It did NOT come from any endangered or protected species, and is therefore legal it sell on eBay. This Roman Dice (correctly called just a "die" for one) was found in Britain and dates to about 50--200 AD when the Roman legions occupied Britain. Bone dice were used to play games of chance, which are correctly known as in Latin as "astragali." This one appears to have very tiny engraving that has been scratched into the bone millennia ago! This Astragali is made from the ankle bone of a sheep and weighs .2 oz. (8 gr.) and measures about 1.19 "long x .72" wide x .65 thick. This ancient Roman “astragali” or “knuckle-bone” was made from the ankle bones of a sheep, and used by both children and adults in a number of games akin to jacks or dice. (see below for details).Knucklebones (Latin “astragali”) were an essential part of many ancient games. The game was played using four astrogali with different value of each side. Another game was played using five astorogali. Players threw them into the air to be caught on the back of the hand. Knucklebones (astragali), were an essential part of many ancient games: αστραγαλισμοσ was played using four astragali with different values on each side while πευτελιξοι was played with five astragali, simultaneously thrown into the air to be caught on the back of the hand. Natural knucklebone from a sheep’s ankle was usually cut down, ground, drilled and filled with lead. Pausanias stated that ancient Greeks played dice since the Trojan War. The game called “Tessera” had numbers on each side from 1 to 6. In Roman times and later, values placed on opposite sides add up to seven. Talus bones had only four numbered sides: 1, 3, 4, 6. The best throw was called Venus when all four tali bones fall to expose different numbers; the worse throw was Canis, when all exposed numbers are the same. Knucklebones (Latin “astragali”) were an essential part of many ancient games. The game was played using four astrogali with different value of each side. Another game was played using five astorogali. Players threw them into the air to be caught on the back of the hand. Knucklebones (astragali), were an essential part of many ancient games: αστραγαλισμοσ was played using four astragali with different values on each side while πευτελιξοι was played with five astragali, simultaneously thrown into the air to be caught on the back of the hand. Natural knucklebone from a sheep’s ankle was usually cut down, ground, drilled and filled with lead. Pausanias stated that ancient Greeks played dice since the Trojan War. The game called “Tessera” had numbers on each side from 1 to 6. In Roman times and later, values placed on opposite sides add up to seven. Talus bones had only four numbered sides: 1, 3, 4, 6. The best throw was called Venus when all four tali bones fall to expose different numbers; the worse throw was Canis, when all exposed numbers are the same. History{Source: Wikipedia} Knucklebones, Fivestones, or Jacks, is a game of very ancient origin, usually played with five small objects, or ten in the case of jacks. Originally the "knucklebones" (actually the astragalus: a bone in the ankle or hock) were those of a sheep, which were thrown up into the air and caught in various manners—usually on the back of the hand. The talus bone (/ˈteɪləs/; Latin for ankle), astragalus /əˈstræɡələs/, or ankle bone is one of the group of foot bones known as the tarsus. Many historic and ethnographic sources make note of astragali being used for gaming and divination (Koerper and Whitney-Desautels 1999). Indeed, the practice was, and continues to be in places, widespread historically and prehistorically across the globe. Please examine the photos taken at 10x macro carefully as they are part of the description. The digital caliper is not part of the auction, just there to give you a perspective. And please ask any questions before you buy. Only Washington State residents must pay the Washington State Sales Tax. I offer a full Money-Back Guarantee if a recognized authority disputes the authenticity of this object. Note: Please ask any questions you may have before you bid! Thanks for Looking! Per e-Bay's rules, PayPal only please! FREE SHIPPING includes Insurance within USA! Condition: This ancient Roman sheep bone die or "astragali" in Latin, was the first type of dice used by the ancient Greeks and Romans. This one is made of sheep bone and was a surface fine in England. It is in "as found" condition when it was recovered in Britain. Please see photos and bid accordingly., Material: Bone, Item: Roman Dice, Provenance: Ownership History Available

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