Seller: wear-the-past (1,920) 100%, Location: Salisbury, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 371787662681 This is an ancient Roman hardstone intaglio dating to the 2nd century A.D. It is cut with an image of a seated figure, identifiable as Tyche / Fortuna (due to the wheel and crown). She is holding the wheel of fortune in one arm, whilst offering a patera in the other. Sadly the gem is chipped, though the detail is clear and it makes a good impression. Tyche was the Greek goddess of luck or chance, known as Fortuna to the Romans, was a popular deity, especially in the Roman world. The benevolent blessings of Tyche/Fortuna were eagerly sought, especially in matters involving risk taking, contests, business or war. Fortuna appears frequently on roman coins minted to pay the army, for she was thought to bring victory in battle. Tyche is usually depicted as a beautiful woman, dressed in flowing robes, and carrying a cornucopia (a horn of plenty) as a symbol of wealth and abundance. She appears also holding steering a ships rudder a metaphor for guiding the successful course in life. Small devotional statues of Fortuna and talismanic jewelry bearing her image were popular throughout the vast Roman Empire. Her cult survives in the modern world in the person of "lady luck", frequently invoked by gamblers. This ancient gem would have once been mounted into an iron finger ring (choice metal for the patriot of Rome), worn for both success and good fortune, but also to act as a private signature in letters and transactions. Object: Intaglio Culture: Ancient Roman Date: c. 2nd - 3rd Century AD Material: Carnelian gemstone Size: 11.5mm x 10mm x 3mm Weight: 0.6g This item is guaranteed authentic and dates to the period described. A written guarantee can be provided on request. We accept returns if you are not satisfied with your purchase. Condition: chipped, see description for condition, Type: Intaglio, Provenance: Ex. European private collection, Material: Carnelian, Colour: Orange, Culture: Roman, Date: 2nd century A.D.