Seller: palatina (4,980) 100%, Location: Heidelberg, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 361839868336 NORTHERN EUROPEAN STONE AGE ARTIFACTS BY PALATINA AUTHENTICITY GUARANTEED Description This wonderful Mesolithic flint ( silex ) artifact is called "Flat-trimmed Flake Adze ( Ax Axe ) Ertebølle - type". Belonging to the Ertebølle - Ellerbek culture / Kitchen Midden Culture 5400-4000 bc, the last Mesolithic period. Flake axes are the earliest form of axes known from the Nordic Stone Age, first appearing during the Maglemose period. They were made from large flint flakes possessing a sharp edge which formed the cutting surface. It is likely that flake axes were hafted with the flat broad side facing upwards and the cutting edge at right angles to the handle like an adze. To begin with, flint suitable for the manufacture of such flake axes was in plentiful supply. However, flints found on the surface were often frost-damaged and so raw material for making the large flake axes soon became scarce. A new type of axe, the core axe, gradually appeared and became ever more common but flake axes, often manufactured from irregular flint fragments, persisted throughout the Maglemose (8900 - 6400 bc) and Kongemose (6400 - 5400 bc) periods. Rising sea levels at the end of the hunter-gatherer period, exposed chalk cliffs and glacial morains, thereby providing new sources of flint. The improved availability of good flint may explain the renewed occurance of the flake axe during the Ertebølle period. Flake axes from the early Neolithic period, often of irregular form and occasionally with polishing on the blade, occur very frequently. After about the middle of the megalith grave period, flake axes essentially disappeared. They appeared once again during the dagger period (2400 - 1800 bc) and the early bronze age, where often rather inferior quality flake axes are found associated with settlement sites. The side-edges of the Ertebølle - type are trimmed from the front, and after these edges were shaped this side was chipped flatter and smoother, working from the side edges in over the surface, thus making the ax thinner and more handsome. Sometimes the side-edges are almost parallel, but in most cases they diverge evenly towards the cutting edge. It is the strongly dominant ax in the Late Mesolithic and very Early Neolithic. Provenance is an old collection. More informations will follow the artifact. I guarantee absolutely for the authenticity of this Hunter Gatherer Stone Age item. Please view also my other auctions with relics from the European Prehistory.